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Table 4.  Percentage of students ages 12–18 reporting perceptions of school rule fairness and enforcement at school, by selected student and school characteristics: School year 2006–07
 
Everyone knows what the school rules are Consistent punishment for rule breaking School rules are strictly enforced Punishment is known if rules are broken
Student or school characteristic School rules are fair  
Agree   Disagree   Agree   Disagree   Agree   Disagree   Agree   Disagree   Agree   Disagree  
Total 91.5   8.5   88.9   11.1   83.3   16.7   85.4   14.6   85.9   14.1  
                                         
Sex                                        
Male 91.1   8.9   89.0   11.0   85.1   14.9   86.0   14.0   84.9   15.1  
Female 92.0   8.0   88.8   11.2   81.5   18.5   84.8   15.2   86.8   13.2  
                                         
Race/ethnicity                                        
White, not Hispanic or Latino 91.8   8.2   90.8   9.2   82.9   17.1   85.7   14.3   85.3   14.7  
Black, not Hispanic or Latino 90.9   9.1   81.9   18.1   79.0   21.0   83.3   16.7   87.6   12.4  
Hispanic or Latino 91.1   8.9   87.7   12.3   87.2   12.8   85.6   14.4   86.2   13.8  
All other races,
   not Hispanic or Latino1
91.2   8.8   90.8   9.2   86.6   13.4   86.8   13.2   86.2   13.8  
                                         
Grade                                        
6th 91.2   8.8   92.6   7.4   89.9   10.1   86.9   13.1   87.5   12.5  
7th 89.2   10.8   90.1   9.9   88.4   11.6   89.0   11.0   87.1   12.9  
8th 91.7   8.3   88.3   11.7   85.7   14.3   87.8   12.2   86.4   13.6  
9th 90.0   10.0   88.1   11.9   85.0   15.0   82.7   17.3   85.7   14.3  
10th 91.3   8.7   89.0   11.0   81.2   18.8   84.0   16.0   84.9   15.1  
11th 93.2   6.8   85.9   14.1   77.7   22.3   83.0   17.0   83.1   16.9  
12th 94.4   5.6   89.7   10.3   76.7   23.3   85.2   14.8   87.1   12.9  
                                         
Household income                                        
Less than $7,500 92.9   7.1 ! 83.3   16.7   85.0   15.0   86.0   14.0   88.0   12.0  
$7,500-14,999 90.8   9.2   83.9   16.1   82.2   17.8   78.8   21.2   90.5   9.5  
$15,000-24,999 91.6   8.4   87.0   13.0   82.6   17.4   84.9   15.1   84.4   15.6  
$25,000-34,999 89.5   10.5   84.3   15.7   80.7   19.3   78.8   21.2   84.2   15.8  
$35,000-49,999 89.2   10.8   87.7   12.3   82.1   17.9   84.9   15.1   85.4   14.6  
$50,000 or more 92.3   7.7   91.1   8.9   85.1   14.9   87.6   12.4   85.5   14.5  
                                         
Urbanicity2                                        
Urban 91.0   9.0   88.4   11.6   83.7   16.3   83.2   16.8   84.7   15.3  
Suburban 91.4   8.6   89.9   10.1   84.7   15.3   87.3   12.7   86.8   13.2  
Rural 92.9   7.1   86.6   13.4   78.6   21.4   83.4   16.6   84.8   15.2  
                    
Self-report of grades in school3                                        
Mostly A's 93.1   6.9   93.5   6.5   86.0   14.0   87.5   12.5   87.2   12.8  
Mostly B's 91.2   8.8   88.5   11.5   83.2   16.8   85.9   14.1   85.8   14.2  
Mostly C's 90.0   10.0   83.8   16.2   80.9   19.1   82.6   17.4   84.5   15.5  
Mostly D's 89.7   10.3   72.9   27.1   69.1   30.9   74.0   26.0   77.8   22.2  
Mostly F's 71.2   28.8   63.0   37.0   75.6   24.4 ! 66.7   33.3   80.5   19.5 !
                                         
Student report of violent
   victimization at school4
                                       
Yes 82.8   17.2   74.2   25.8   57.0   43.0   71.7   28.3   73.1   26.9  
No 91.6   8.4   89.1   10.9   83.7   16.3   85.6   14.4   86.0   14.0  
                                         
Student report of theft
   victimization at school4
                                       
Yes 85.2   14.8   82.8   17.2   74.7   25.3   78.1   21.9   76.9   23.1  
No 91.7   8.3   89.1   10.9   83.6   16.4   85.6   14.4   86.1   13.9  
                                         
Sector                                        
Public 91.1   8.9   88.5   11.5   83.0   17.0   84.9   15.1   85.5   14.5  
Private 96.1   3.9   93.3   6.7   87.1   12.9   91.1   8.9   89.6   10.4  
! Interpret data with caution. The standard error for this estimate is from 30 percent to 50 percent of the estimate’s value.
1 "All other races, not Hispanic or Latino" includes Asians, Pacific Islanders, and American Indians (including Alaska Natives) and respondents of two or more races. For this report, not Hispanic or Latino students who identified themselves as being of two or more races (1 percent of all respondents) were included in the "all other races, not Hispanic or Latino" category. Respondents who identified themselves as being of Hispanic or Latino origin were classified as "Hispanic or Latino," regardless of their race.
2 Urbanicity refers to the Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) status of the respondent's household as defined in 1990 by the U.S. Census Bureau.
3 Rates for students who responded that their schools did not give grades or there was no alphabetical equivalent are not reported.
4 Victimization data are taken from the Incident Report of the National Crime Victimization Survey and appended to the School Crime Supplement (SCS) data file. Readers should note the reference period for the victimization data is "the last 6 months" while the reference period for the SCS is "the last school year."
NOTE: "Violent" victimization includes serious violent crimes (rape, sexual assault, robbery, and aggravated assault) and simple assault. "Theft" includes attempted and completed purse snatching, completed pickpocketing, and all attempted and completed thefts, excluding motor vehicle theft. Theft does not include robbery, in which the threat or use of force is involved. "At school" includes inside the school building, on school property, on a school bus, and on the way to and from school. Response options to the 2007 SCS questionnaire item include "strongly agree," ''agree," "disagree", and "strongly disagree." For purposes of presenting the data in this table, "agree" includes "strongly agree" and "agree," and "disagree" includes "disagree" and "strongly disagree." Population size for students ages 12–18 was 25,967,000 in 2007.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics, School Crime Supplement (SCS) to the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS), 2007.


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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education