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Table 18.  Percentage of students ages 12-18 who reported the presence of street gangs and frequency of gang activities at school in the previous 6 months, by selected student and school characteristics: 2005


  Gangs at school   Frequency of gang-related fights, attacks, or other violence at school1   Gangs involved in the sale of drugs at school1 
Student or school characteristic Yes   No   Never   Once or twice in last 6 months   Once or twice a month   Once or twice a week   Almost every day   Yes   No
Total  24.0   63.0   67.0   10.1   5.8   1.9   1.1   8.4   69.8
                                   
Sex                                   
Male  25.2   62.4   68.6   9.6   6.0   2.1   0.9   8.4   70.7
Female  22.8   63.7   65.2   10.7   5.7   1.6   1.3   8.4   68.7
                                   
Race/ethnicity2                                   
White, non-Hispanic  16.8   71.1   74.2   8.5   3.8   0.9   0.4   7.0   74.7
Black, non-Hispanic  37.3   48.0   54.6   11.7   9.9   3.5   3.5   10.8   61.2
Hispanic  38.7   48.7   51.6   14.8   9.6   4.0   1.7   12.1   60.0
Other, non-Hispanic  22.8   59.7   68.3   9.6   6.0   1.6 !   6.6   69.2
                                   
Grade                                   
6th  12.1   76.4   74.4   5.5   2.4   2.2 !   1.9 ! 80.7
7th  17.4   69.6   71.3   9.1   3.9   1.6   1.1   3.7   77.3
8th  18.9   69.0   74.1   7.8   3.7   1.4 ! 1.1 ! 5.1   77.1
9th  28.0   57.2   61.0   11.0   7.6   2.3   1.6   12.0   62.6
10th  32.3   52.8   58.7   14.0   8.8   2.3   1.1 ! 11.0   63.4
11th  28.0   59.4   63.9   11.7   6.4   1.1 ! 1.4   12.1   64.5
12th  27.6   61.8   68.5   10.0   6.7   2.6     11.1   66.0
                                   
Household income                                   
Less than $7,500  32.7   52.6   54.9   11.1   7.7 ! 4.0 ! 4.8 ! 8.8 ! 62.2
$7,500–14,999  33.0   54.4   58.1   15.5   6.0   2.5 !   8.5   63.8
$15,000–24,999  31.1   57.1   61.9   11.2   6.9   3.0   1.8 ! 9.8   67.4
$25,000–34,999  29.8   52.4   61.3   12.2   6.5   3.1   2.4   9.6   65.8
$35,000–49,999  24.7   61.1   65.6   10.1   5.0   2.5   0.8 ! 10.6   66.9
$50,000 or more  18.5   69.9   72.3   9.3   5.1   0.8   0.2 ! 7.3   73.8
                                   
Urbanicity3                                   
Urban  35.8   51.4   56.0   13.6   9.5   3.0   2.7   11.3   63.3
Suburban  20.7   65.7   70.4   8.7   5.2   1.5   0.6   7.4   71.5
Rural  16.5   72.3   72.9   9.5   2.3   1.3 !   7.3   74.3
                                   
Self-report of grades in school4                                   
Mostly A's  17.3   70.0   73.9   7.7   4.3   1.0   0.4 ! 6.2   74.6
Mostly B's  24.2   62.5   65.8   10.5   5.5   1.7   1.2   8.1   68.9
Mostly C's  33.6   53.8   59.1   12.4   8.9   3.4   2.0   11.6   63.7
Mostly D's  37.5   52.0   54.1   19.0   10.0   4.0 !   16.4   65.4
Mostly F's  42.8   47.8   52.3   19.7   9.6 !     21.3   63.3
                                   
Student report of violent victimization at school5                                   
Yes  51.4   38.7   51.9   13.7 ! 14.5 ! 7.4 !   12.8 ! 65.4
No  23.7   63.3   67.1   10.1   5.7   1.8   1.1   8.4   69.8
                                   
Student report of theft victimization at school5                                   
Yes  36.3   49.8   56.9   14.1   9.8   3.8 !   17.0   63.6
No  23.6   63.4   67.3   10.0   5.7   1.8   1.1   8.1   69.9
                                   
Sector                                   
Public  25.7   60.5   64.6   10.8   6.3   2.0   1.2   8.9   67.8
Private  4.2   93.4   95.1   2.2 !       2.7 ! 93.8
                                   
! Interpret data with caution. The standard error for this estimate is from 30 percent to 50 percent of the estimate’s value.
‡ Reporting standards not met. The standard error for this estimate is equal to 50 percent or more of the estimate's value.
1 Estimates of "Frequency of gang-related fights, attacks, or other violence at school" and "Gangs involved in the sale of drugs at school" were derived from the full sample of students.
2 "Other, non-Hispanic" includes Asians, Pacific Islanders, and American Indians (including Alaska Natives). Beginning in 2003, students were given the option of identifying themselves as more than one race. Non-Hispanic students who identified themselves as more than one race in 2005 (1 percent of all respondents) were included in the "other, non-Hispanic" category. Respondents who identified themselves as being of Hispanic origin were classified as Hispanic, regardless of their race.
3 Urbanicity refers to the Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) status of the respondent's household as defined in 1990 by the U.S. Census Bureau.
4 Students who responded that their schools did not give grades or there was no alphabetical equivalent are not reported.
5 Victimization data are taken from the National Crime Victimization Survey Incident Report.
NOTE: "Violent" victimization includes serious violent crimes (rape, sexual assault, robbery, and aggravated assault) and simple assault. "At school" includes inside the school building, on school property, on a school bus, and on the way to and from school. Population size for students ages 12–18 was 25,811,000 in 2005. Details may not sum to 100 percent because respondent- volunteered "don't know" responses are included in the base for the percentages listed.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics, School Crime Supplement (SCS) to the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS), 2005.


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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education