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Table 4.  Percentage of students ages 12-18 reporting perceptions of school rule fairness and enforcement at school during the previous 6 months, by selected student and school characteristics: 2005


    Everyone knows what the school rules are   School rules are fair   Consistent punishment for rule breaking   School rules are strictly enforced   Punishment is known if rules are broken  
Student or school characteristic   Agree   Disagree   Agree   Disagree   Agree   Disagree   Agree   Disagree   Agree   Disagree  
Total   92.4   7.6   86.9   13.1   82.3   17.7   85.5   14.5   84.5   15.5  
                                           
Sex                                          
Male   91.7   8.3   86.8   13.2   83.2   16.8   86.9   13.1   83.7   16.3  
Female   93.2   6.8   86.9   13.1   81.5   18.5   84.0   16.0   85.4   14.6  
                                           
Race/ethnicity1                                          
White, non-Hispanic   92.9   7.1   89.4   10.6   81.8   18.2   85.8   14.2   84.3   15.7  
Black, non-Hispanic   89.7   10.3   76.6   23.4   77.4   22.6   83.4   16.6   81.5   18.5  
Hispanic   93.3   6.7   85.5   14.5   86.1   13.9   87.5   12.5   88.0   12.0  
Other, non-Hispanic   91.9   8.1   90.6   9.4   89.3   10.7   82.4   17.6   84.6   15.4  
                                           
Grade                                          
6th   90.5   9.5   88.5   11.5   89.0   11.0   88.4   11.6   87.0   13.0  
7th   92.0   8.0   87.0   13.0   88.2   11.8   88.5   11.5   85.7   14.3  
8th   91.8   8.2   86.6   13.4   86.1   13.9   88.6   11.4   85.7   14.3  
9th   91.4   8.6   88.1   11.9   86.2   13.8   85.6   14.4   86.3   13.7  
10th   92.6   7.4   85.7   14.3   81.3   18.7   83.9   16.1   83.5   16.5  
11th   93.6   6.4   86.8   13.2   75.3   24.7   83.2   16.8   82.7   17.3  
12th   94.8   5.2   85.8   14.2   69.5   30.5   79.7   20.3   80.6   19.4  
                                           
Household income                                          
Less than $7,500   90.9   9.1   81.3   18.7   77.4   22.6   85.5   14.5   82.8   17.2  
$7,500–14,999   89.5   10.5   78.4   21.6   78.1   21.9   84.3   15.7   79.3   20.7  
$15,000–24,999   91.3   8.7   82.4   17.6   78.1   21.9   83.4   16.6   86.8   13.2  
$25,000–34,999   91.5   8.5   83.2   16.8   80.7   19.3   86.9   13.1   82.2   17.8  
$35,000–49,999   93.1   6.9   86.9   13.1   82.6   17.4   83.8   16.2   84.5   15.5  
$50,000 or more   93.3   6.7   89.4   10.6   83.1   16.9   85.9   14.1   84.0   16.0  
                                           
Urbanicity2                                          
Urban   90.5   9.5   83.7   16.3   82.6   17.4   84.0   16.0   82.5   17.5  
Suburban   92.8   7.2   88.0   12.0   83.2   16.8   86.5   13.5   85.2   14.8  
Rural   94.3   5.7   88.1   11.9   79.3   20.7   84.8   15.2   85.4   14.6  
                                           
Self-report of grades in school3                                          
Mostly A's   93.8   6.2   92.5   7.5   85.4   14.6   86.7   13.3   86.2   13.8  
Mostly B's   92.7   7.3   87.1   12.9   81.9   18.1   86.2   13.8   84.8   15.2  
Mostly C's   89.3   10.7   78.7   21.3   79.5   20.5   83.2   16.8   82.2   17.8  
Mostly D's   89.7   10.3   71.3   28.7   75.3   24.7   75.2   24.8   75.7   24.3  
Mostly F's   94.9   5.1 ! 76.0   24.0   70.4   29.6   86.1   13.9 ! 80.5   19.5  
                                           
Student report of violent victimization at school4                                          
Yes   82.1   17.9   72.5   27.5   74.8   25.2   81.9   18.1   76.4   23.6  
No   92.6   7.4   87.0   13.0   82.4   17.6   85.5   14.5   84.6   15.4  
                                           
Student report of theft victimization at school4                                          
Yes   86.8   13.2   77.8   22.2   76.6   23.4   78.0   22.0   80.3   19.7  
No   92.6   7.4   87.1   12.9   82.5   17.5   85.7   14.3   84.6   15.4  
                                           
Sector                                          
Public   92.0   8.0   86.2   13.8   81.9   18.1   85.1   14.9   84.0   16.0  
Private   97.9   2.1 ! 94.1   5.9   87.6   12.4   90.3   9.7   91.0   9.0  
   
! Interpret data with caution. The standard error for this estimate is from 30 percent to 50 percent of the estimate’s value.
1 "Other, non-Hispanic" includes Asians, Pacific Islanders, and American Indians (including Alaska Natives). Beginning in 2003, students were given the option of identifying themselves as more than one race. Non-Hispanic students who identified themselves as more than one race in 2005 (1 percent of all respondents) were included in the "other, non-Hispanic" category. Respondents who identified themselves as being of Hispanic origin were classified as Hispanic, regardless of their race.
2 Urbanicity refers to the Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) status of the respondent's household as defined in 1990 by the U.S. Census Bureau.
3 Students who responded that their schools did not give grades or there was no alphabetical equivalent are not reported.
4 Victimization data are taken from the National Crime Victimization Survey Incident Report.
NOTE: "Violent" victimization includes serious violent crimes (rape, sexual assault, robbery, and aggravated assault) and simple assault. "At school" includes inside the school building, on school property, on a school bus, and on the way to and from school. Population size for students ages 12–18 was 25,811,000 in 2005. Response options to the 2005 SCS questionnaire item include strongly agree, agree, disagree, and strongly disagree. For purposes of presenting the data in this table, "Agree" includes "strongly agree" and "agree," and "disagree" includes "disagree" and "strongly disagree."
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics, School Crime Supplement (SCS) to the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS), 2005.


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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education