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Table 20.  Percentage of students ages 12–18 who reported the presence of street gangs and the frequency of gang activities at school in the previous 6 months, by selected student and school characteristics: 2003


    Gangs at school   Frequency of gang-related fights, attacks,
or other violence at school
  Gangs involved in the sale of drugs at school
Student or school characteristic   Yes   No   Never   Once or twice in last 6 months   Once or twice a month   Once or twice a week   Almost every day   Yes   No  
Total    21.0   65.3   68.5   8.5   4.6   1.8   1.2   7.5   69.3  
                                       
Sex                                       
Male    22.4   64.9   69.0   8.6   4.8   1.7   1.3   7.9   70.6  
Female    19.6   65.7   68.0   8.4   4.3   1.9   1.1   7.1   68.0  
                                       
Race/ethnicity1                                       
White, non-Hispanic    14.2   73.3   76.0   6.2   3.2   1.0   0.5   6.5   74.4  
Black, non-Hispanic    29.8   56.2   60.2   9.5   6.1   3.0   3.1   8.4   64.9  
Hispanic    37.3   45.9   50.6   15.1   8.2   3.7   2.0   10.2   56.0  
Other, non-Hispanic    22.2   62.1   64.1   11.7   3.8   1.5 ! 1.7 ! 7.1   67.0  
                                       
Grade                                       
6th    10.9   76.9   76.4   4.6   1.9 ! 1.4 ! 1.3 ! 2.4   79.8  
7th    16.4   69.6   71.4   7.0   4.5   1.1   1.6   5.3   75.0  
8th    17.9   71.3   73.9   7.5   3.5   1.1   0.8 ! 4.5   75.8  
9th    26.2   57.9   62.0   10.8   6.2   2.1   1.4   8.7   64.2  
10th    26.6   58.2   63.4   11.4   4.4   3.1   1.3   11.4   62.8  
11th    23.5   62.8   68.2   7.0   6.2   2.1   0.7 ! 10.0   65.4  
12th    22.4   64.3   67.1   10.3   4.2   1.7   1.4 ! 8.7   64.7  
                                       
Household income                                       
Less than $7,500    30.0   56.1   60.1   12.4   6.8 ! 3.9 !   6.9   65.1  
$7,500–14,999    27.8   55.5   57.3   11.3   6.2   2.2 ! 2.1   8.2   61.5  
$15,000–24,999    27.1   58.8   61.0   8.5   6.7   3.3   2.5   7.3   63.6  
$25,000–34,999    26.6   59.4   64.1   10.2   5.6   2.7   1.0 ! 9.1   65.5  
$35,000–49,999    22.0   61.9   64.1   9.4   4.5   1.9   1.2   8.5   66.8  
$50,000 or more    15.9   72.9   75.9   7.8   3.4   1.2   0.5   7.0   75.2  
                                       
Urbanicity2                                       
Urban    31.0   53.4   59.4   13.2   6.8   2.7   2.5   9.7   64.5  
Suburban    18.5   68.7   71.6   7.6   4.1   1.6   0.8   7.4   71.8  
Rural    12.5   74.2   74.1   3.9   2.4 ! 1.1 !   4.3   69.5  
                                       
Self-report of grades at school3                                       
Mostly A's    14.8   73.2   75.1   6.8   2.8   1.3   0.7   5.1   73.7  
Mostly B's    21.2   64.7   68.5   8.5   4.8   1.3   1.0   7.2   69.7  
Mostly C's    28.7   56.4   59.8   11.0   6.3   3.2   2.1   10.7   62.1  
Mostly D's    35.3   54.3   62.5   10.3   9.2   4.9 !   11.3   69.7  
Mostly F's    43.3   42.0   45.4   11.7 ! 14.3 !     24.8   56.6  
                                       
Student report of violent 
victimization at school4 
                                     
Yes   45.9   44.6   51.0   18.5   12.4     4.8 ! 24.7   56.6  
No   20.7   65.6   68.8   8.4   4.5   1.8   1.2   7.2   69.5  
                                       
Student report of theft 
victimization at school4 
                                     
Yes   33.5   53.6   60.7   13.3   9.8   3.0 !   14.8   63.7  
No   20.5   65.8   68.9   8.3   4.3   1.8   1.2   7.2   69.5  
                                       
Sector                                       
Public    22.6   63.0   66.4   9.1   4.9   2.0   1.3   7.9   67.4  
Private    3.9   91.0   91.6   2.5   1.0 !     2.4   90.3  
! Interpret data with caution.
‡ Reporting standards not met.
1 "Other, non-Hispanic" includes Asians, Pacific Islanders, and American Indians (including Alaska Natives). Beginning in 2003, students were given the option of identifying themselves as more than one race. Non-Hispanic students who identified themselves as more than one race in 2003 (1 percent of all respondents) were included in the "other, non-Hispanic" category. Respondents who identified themselves as being of Hispanic origin were classified as Hispanic, regardless of their race.
2 Urbanicity refers to the Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) status of the respondent's household as defined in 1990 by the U.S. Census Bureau.
3 Students who responded that their schools did not give grades or there was no alphabetical equivalent are not reported.
4 Victimization data are taken from the National Crime Victimization Survey Incident Report.
NOTE: "Violent" victimization includes serious violent crimes (rape, sexual assault, robbery, and aggravated assault) and simple assault. "At school" includes inside the school building, on school property, on a school bus, and on the way to and from school. Population size for students ages 12–18 was 25,684,000 in 2003. Detail may not sum to 100 percent because of "don't know" responses or rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics, School Crime Supplement (SCS) to the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS), 2003.


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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education