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Table 4.  Percentage of students ages 12–18 reporting perceptions of school rule fairness and enforcement at school during the previous 6 months, by selected student and school characteristics: 2003


    Everyone knows what the school rules are   School rules are fair   Consistent punishment for rule breaking   School rules are strictly enforced   Punishment is known if rules are broken
Student or school characteristic   Agree   Disagree     Agree   Disagree     Agree   Disagree     Agree   Disagree     Agree   Disagree  
 
Total    93.0   7.0     86.1   13.9     82.9   17.1     86.5   13.5     85.1   14.9  
                                                   
Sex                                                   
Male    92.0   8.0     86.0   14.0     83.4   16.6     86.7   13.3     83.1   16.9  
Female    93.9   6.1     86.3   13.7     82.3   17.7     86.3   13.7     87.1   12.9  
                                                   
Race/ethnicity1                                                   
White, non-Hispanic    93.3   6.7     88.2   11.8     82.4   17.6     86.8   13.2     84.7   15.3  
Black, non-Hispanic    92.1   7.9     77.9   22.1     79.4   20.6     85.0   15.0     85.0   15.0  
Hispanic    93.0   7.0     85.2   14.8     86.2   13.8     85.5   14.5     87.1   12.9  
Other, non-Hispanic    91.5   8.5     87.4   12.6     86.4   13.6     89.5   10.5     83.4   16.6  
                                                   
Grade                                                   
6th    91.9   8.1     89.3   10.7     91.7   8.3     91.4   8.6     85.3   14.7  
7th    92.1   7.9     88.7   11.3     89.9   10.1     90.5   9.5     87.0   13.0  
8th    93.8   6.2     85.8   14.2     85.6   14.4     89.5   10.5     84.3   15.7  
9th    92.1   7.9     87.0   13.0     84.8   15.2     84.9   15.1     84.5   15.5  
10th    92.5   7.5     83.1   16.9     81.4   18.6     85.3   14.7     86.5   13.5  
11th    93.7   6.3     82.8   17.2     73.7   26.3     81.9   18.1     82.6   17.4  
12th    94.3   5.7     86.9   13.1     73.8   26.2     82.8   17.2     85.2   14.8  
                                                   
Household income                                                   
Less than $7,500    92.2   7.8 !   74.9   25.1     83.9   16.1     87.3   12.7     86.2   13.8  
$7,500–14,999    91.2   8.8     83.2   16.8     82.3   17.7     83.8   16.2     83.0   17.0  
$15,000–24,999    91.3   8.7     81.6   18.4     79.9   20.1     85.7   14.3     84.8   15.2  
$25,000–34,999    92.0   8.0     83.4   16.6     81.5   18.5     84.9   15.1     85.5   14.5  
$35,000–49,999    95.1   4.9     85.0   15.0     83.1   16.9     86.8   13.2     87.6   12.4  
$50,000 or more    93.2   6.8     90.0   10.0     84.0   16.0     87.5   12.5     84.3   15.7  
                                                   
Urbanicity2                                                   
Urban    92.1   7.9     83.9   16.1     82.8   17.2     85.3   14.7     83.5   16.5  
Suburban    93.5   6.5     87.6   12.4     83.7   16.3     87.5   12.5     85.7   14.3  
Rural    92.6   7.4     85.0   15.0     80.3   19.7     85.5   14.5     85.7   14.3  
                                                   
Self-report of grades at school3                                                   
Mostly A's    93.9   6.1     91.3   8.7     85.2   14.8     87.9   12.1     86.5   13.5  
Mostly B's    93.3   6.7     86.5   13.5     83.5   16.5     87.1   12.9     85.0   15.0  
Mostly C's    91.7   8.3     80.1   19.9     79.4   20.6     84.3   15.7     84.0   16.0  
Mostly D's    89.8   10.2     66.2   33.8     71.8   28.2     81.4   18.6     78.3   21.7  
Mostly F's    79.0   21.0     69.4   30.6     74.2   25.8     74.5   25.5     64.5   35.5  
                                                   
Student report of violent 
victimization at school4 
                                                 
Yes   88.2   11.8     72.1   27.9     65.4   34.6     70.5   29.5     73.2   26.8  
No   93.0   7.0     86.3   13.7     83.1   16.9     86.7   13.3     85.2   14.8  
                                                   
Student report of theft 
victimization at school4 
                                                 
Yes   88.2   11.8     76.3   23.7     71.7   28.3     79.3   20.7     80.4   19.6  
No   93.2   6.8     86.5   13.5     83.3   16.7     86.8   13.2     85.3   14.7  
                                                   
Sector                                                   
Public    92.5   7.5     85.6   14.4     82.4   17.6     86.0   14.0     84.6   15.4  
Private    97.8   2.2     91.6   8.4     88.2   11.8     91.6   8.4     89.7   10.3  
! Interpret data with caution.
1 "Other, non-Hispanic" includes Asians, Pacific Islanders, and American Indians (including Alaska Natives). Beginning in 2003, students were given the option of identifying themselves as more than one race. Non-Hispanic students who identified themselves as more than one race in 2003 (1 percent of all respondents) were included in the "other, non-Hispanic" category. Respondents who identified themselves as being of Hispanic origin were classified as Hispanic, regardless of their race.
2 Urbanicity refers to the Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) status of the respondent's household as defined in 1990 by the U.S. Census Bureau.
3 Students who responded that their schools did not give grades or there was no alphabetical equivalent are not reported.
4 Victimization data are taken from the National Crime Victimization Survey Incident Report.
NOTE: "Violent" victimization includes serious violent crimes (rape, sexual assault, robbery, and aggravated assault) and simple assault. "At school" includes inside the school building, on school property, on a school bus, and on the way to and from school. Population size for students ages 12–18 was 25,684,000 in 2003. Response options to the 2003 SCS questionnaire item include strongly agree, agree, disagree, and strongly disagree. For purposes of presenting the data in this table, "agree" includes "strongly agree" and "agree," and "disagree" includes "disagree" and "strongly disagree." Detail may not sum to 100 percent because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics, School Crime Supplement (SCS) to the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS), 2003.


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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education