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Table 18.  Number and percentage distribution of students in public high schools involved in physical attacks or fights at school receiving various disciplinary actions, by selected school characteristics: School year 2005–06

  Disciplinary actions taken for students involved in physical attacks or fights at school   
  Removals with no continuing services for at least the remainder of the school year   Transfers to specialized schools1   Out-of-school suspensions lasting 5 or more days but less than the remainder of the school year   Other disciplinary action2
School characteristic  Number   Percent     Number   Percent     Number   Percent     Number   Percent  
All public schools  5,670   3     22,960   11     102,690   47     87,260   40  
                                       
Enrollment size                                       
Less than 300        380 ! 5 !   1,760   22     5,860   72  
300–499  160 ! 1 !   1,080 ! 8 !   4,520   35     7,130   55  
500–999  420 ! 1 !   4,150   9     22,180   50     17,980   40  
1,000 or more  4,970   3     17,340   11     74,230   49     56,300   37  
                                       
Urbanicity                                       
City  2,710 ! 4 !   10,060   14     36,100   49     25,050   34  
Urban fringe  2,150   3     7,960   10     40,640   50     31,190   38  
Town  400 ! 2 !   1,210   6     9,460   45     9,780   47  
Rural  420   1     3,730   9     16,500   39     21,250   51  
                                       
Crime level where students live3                                       
High        3,490   13     13,960   50     8,960   32  
Moderate  1,360 ! 2 !   7,690   13     27,460   45     24,000   40  
Low  1,940   2     6,840   8     40,490   45     41,400   46  
Mixed  970 ! 2     4,930   12     20,780   52     12,910   33  
                                       
Percent minority enrollment4                                       
Less than 5 percent  240 ! 1 !         8,040   38     11,680   54  
5 to less than 20 percent  840   2     1,870   4     18,710   43     21,630   50  
20 to less than 50 percent  1,520 ! 3     4,990   10     26,450   52     17,710   35  
50 percent or more  3,010   3     13,130   14     46,450   48     33,410   35  
                                       
Percent of students
eligible for free or
reduced-price lunch 
                                     
0–20 percent  1,040   2     2,670   6     22,160   48     20,320   44  
21–50 percent  2,490   3     10,680   12     41,200   45     36,510   40  
More than 50 percent  2,150 ! 3 !   9,610   12     39,330   48     30,430   37  
                                       
Percent of students below 15th
percentile on standardized tests 
                                     
0–5 percent  1,100 ! 2 !   4,550   10     18,610   41     21,630   47  
6–15 percent  1,570   2     7,840   8     43,030   46     41,140   44  
More than 15 percent  3,000   4     10,570   13     41,050   52     24,500   31  
                                       
Percent of students likely
to attend college 
                                     
0–35 percent  750   1 !   6,140   12     29,430   55     16,970   32  
36–60 percent  3,210   5     9,490   14     27,170   41     25,880   39  
More than 60 percent  1,720   2     7,330   7     46,090   46     44,410   45  
                                       
Percent of students who consider
academic achievement important 
                                     
0–25 percent        3,450 ! 16 !   11,920   56     5,430   25  
26–50 percent  1,270 ! 3 !   5,190   13     18,100   45     15,580   39  
51–75 percent  2,310 ! 3 !   7,580   10     35,090   46     30,760   41  
More than 75 percent  1,490   2     6,750   8     37,580   46     35,490   44  
                                       
Percent male enrollment                                       
0–44 percent  320 ! 2 !   1,780 ! 11 !   9,550   61     4,050   26  
45–55 percent  4,400   2     18,850   10     83,320   45     78,370   42  
More than 55 percent        2,320 ! 13     9,830   55     4,840   27  
                                       
Student-to-FTE ratio5                                       
Less than 12 students  700 ! 1 !   6,860   11     28,380   44     28,190   44  
12–16 students  3,150   4     8,760   10     38,070   46     33,490   40  
More than 16 students  1,820   3     7,340   10     36,240   51     25,580   36  
                                       
Number of classroom changes6                                       
0–3 changes        1,580 ! 12 !   5,560   42     4,910 ! 37  
4–6 changes  3,450   3     11,410   9     61,090   50     46,050   38  
More than 6 changes  1,140 ! 1 !   9,970   12     36,040   43     36,300   43  
                                       
Regular use of law enforcement7                                       
Regular use  5,310   3     22,080   11     97,500   49     75,470   38  
No regular use  360 ! 2 !   880 ! 5 !   5,200   28     11,800   65  
                                       
Number of serious
discipline problems8 
                                     
No problems  2,480   3     8,530   9     42,680   45     41,500   44  
1 problem  750   2     4,180   12     15,820   46     13,410   39  
2 problems    3 !   4,680   12     16,730   43     16,020   41  
3 or more problems  1,180 ! 2     5,570   11     27,470   54     16,340   32  
                                       
Transfers as a percentage
of enrollment9 
                                     
Less than 6 percent  300 ! 1 !   770   3     12,360   48     12,570   48  
6 to less than 11 percent  860 ! 3 !   2,840   9     15,260   48     12,700   40  
11 to less than 21 percent  1,970 ! 3 !   6,820   10     35,660   53     23,260   34  
21 percent or more  2,550   3     12,530   13     39,410   42     38,740   42  
                                       
Prevalence of schoolwide
disruptions10 
                                     
No disruptions  4,700   3     16,960   10     79,670   46     70,460   41  
Any disruptions  970   2     6,000   13     23,030   49     16,800   36  
                                       
Percent of students
absent on a daily basis 
                                     
0–2 percent              1,480 ! 34 !   2,690 ! 61 !
3–5 percent  1,550 ! 2 !   7,360   11     30,030   43     30,750   44  
6–10 percent  2,400   2     11,320   11     49,400   47     41,850   40  
More than 10 percent  1,690 ! 4 !   4,080   10     21,780   55     11,970   30  
! Interpret data with caution. The standard error for this estimate is from 30 percent to 50 percent of the estimate’s value.
‡ Reporting standards not met. The standard error for this estimate is equal to 50 percent or more of the estimate's value.
1 Specialized school was defined for respondents as "a school that is specifically for students who were referred for disciplinary reasons, although the school may also have students who were referred for other reasons. The school may be at the same location as your school."
2 Other disciplinary actions include suspension less than 5 days, detention, etc.
3 Respondents were asked, "How would you describe the crime level in the area(s) in which your students live?" Response options included "high level of crime," "moderate level of crime," "low level of crime," and "students come from areas with very different levels of crime."
4 Responding schools that did not have race/ethnicity on the sampling frame (2 percent of schools) are excluded from the base.
5 Student-to-FTE ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides. The total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers and aides, including special education teachers and aides, with an adjustment to compensate for the part-time status.
6 Respondents were asked, "How many classroom changes do most students make in a typical day?" Responses exclude morning arrival and afternoon departure.
7 Respondents were asked, "During the 2005–2006 school year, did you have any sworn law enforcement officers, security guards, or security personnel present at your school at least once a week?"
8 Serious discipline problems include student racial tensions, student bullying, student sexual harassment of other students, student verbal abuse of teachers, widespread disorder in classrooms, student acts of disrespect for teachers, gang activities, and cult or extremist group activities. If a respondent reported that any of these problems occurred daily or weekly in their school, each was counted once in the total number of serious discipline problems.
9 Transfers as a percentage of enrollment combines the number of students who were transferred to a school and the number of students who were transferred from a school divided by the total number of students enrolled in the school.
10 Schoolwide disruptions include actions that disrupted school activities such as death threats, bomb threats, and chemical, biological, or radiological threats. Respondents were instructed to exclude all fire alarms, including false alarms.
NOTE: "At school" was defined for respondents to include activities that happen in school buildings, on school grounds, on school buses, and at places that hold school-sponsored events or activities. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. The number of incidents, students, or disciplinary actions reported for a specified offense will not always be equal. This may be because a single incident could involve multiple victims or because no disciplinary action is taken for an incident. Responses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about crime and safety issues at the school. High schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 9 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 12.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), 2005–06 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2006.


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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education