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Table 17.  Number and percentage distribution of students in public high schools involved in the distribution, possession, or use of illegal drugs or alcohol at school receiving various disciplinary actions, by selected school characteristics: School year 2005–06

  Disciplinary actions taken for students involved in the distribution, possession, or use of illegal drugs or alcohol at school 
  Removals with no continuing services for at least the remainder of the school year   Transfers to specialized schools1   Out-of-school suspensions lasting 5 or more days but less than the remainder of the school year   Other disciplinary action2
School characteristic  Number   Percent     Number   Percent     Number   Percent     Number   Percent  
All public schools  8,260   7     29,170   24     54,330   44     30,360   25  
                                       
Enrollment size                                       
Less than 300        710 ! 14 !   1,380   28     2,630 ! 54  
300–499        740   14     2,630   51     1,260   25  
500–999  910   4     4,500   22     11,090   55     3,810   19  
1,000 or more  6,690   7     23,220   25     39,230   43     22,650   25  
                                       
Urbanicity                                       
City  2,330   6     10,160   26     15,750   40     10,850   28  
Urban fringe  3,690   8     9,490   20     22,790   49     10,950   23  
Town  820   7     2,670   23     5,060   44     2,860   25  
Rural  1,420   6     6,850   28     10,730   43     5,700   23  
                                       
Crime level where students live3                                       
High  1,220 ! 13 !   2,380   26     2,510 ! 27     3,030 ! 33  
Moderate  1,300   5     7,290   28     12,040   46     5,700   22  
Low  4,190   7     14,060   22     29,010   45     16,580   26  
Mixed  1,560   7     5,430   24     10,770   47     5,060   22  
                                       
Percent minority enrollment4                                       
Less than 5 percent  750 ! 5 !   1,540   11     7,440   53     4,390   31  
5 to less than 20 percent  2,690   7     6,080   17     17,930   49     9,690   27  
20 to less than 50 percent  2,060   6     8,710   27     14,960   47     6,220   19  
50 percent or more  2,600   7     10,900   30     13,080   36     9,910   27  
                                       
Percent of students
eligible for free or
reduced-price lunch 
                                     
0–20 percent  2,460   7     6,270   17     18,100   48     11,040   29  
21–50 percent  4,100   8     12,390   23     26,390   49     11,040   20  
More than 50 percent  1,700   6     10,510   35     9,840   32     8,280   27  
                                       
Percent of students below 15th
percentile on standardized tests 
                                     
0–5 percent  2,440   8     8,140   27     11,360   38     7,780   26  
6–15 percent  3,200   6     11,410   21     26,040   47     14,640   26  
More than 15 percent  2,620   7     9,620   26     16,930   46     7,940   21  
                                       
Percent of students likely
to attend college 
                                     
0–35 percent  1,610   7     7,640   34     9,960   44     3,560   16  
36–60 percent  2,900   8     9,280   27     14,850   43     7,470   22  
More than 60 percent  3,750   6     12,250   19     29,510   46     19,330   30  
                                       
Percent of students who consider
academic achievement important 
                                     
0–25 percent  650 ! 7 !   2,330 ! 26     4,740   52     1,410   15  
26–50 percent  1,010   6     5,500   31     7,910   44     3,550   20  
51–75 percent  3,310   8     10,080   23     18,530   43     11,370   26  
More than 75 percent  3,290   6     11,260   22     23,140   45     14,030   27  
                                       
Percent male enrollment                                       
0–44 percent  1,000 ! 11 !   1,940   22     2,950   34     2,840 ! 33  
45–55 percent  6,270   6     25,780   24     48,120   45     25,980   24  
More than 55 percent  1,000 ! 14 !   1,450   20     3,260   45     1,540 ! 21 !
                                       
Student-to-FTE ratio5                                       
Less than 12 students  1,290   4     6,790   22     13,040   42     9,650   31  
12–16 students  3,710   7     13,580   27     22,720   46     9,880   20  
More than 16 students  3,260   8     8,800   21     18,580   45     10,830   26  
                                       
Number of classroom changes6                                       
0–3 changes  720 ! 12 !   1,200 ! 19     2,970   47     1,390 ! 22 !
4–6 changes  5,020   8     14,050   22     29,670   46     15,290   24  
More than 6 changes  2,520   5     13,920   27     21,680   42     13,680   26  
                                       
Regular use of law enforcement7                                       
Regular use  7,540   7     27,850   25     49,430   44     26,850   24  
No regular use  720   7     1,320   13     4,890   47     3,510 ! 34  
                                       
Number of serious
discipline problems8 
                                     
No problems  3,680   6     13,050   22     25,280   43     16,340   28  
1 problem  1,290   6     5,950   29     9,100   45     4,050   20  
2 problems  1,210 ! 7     4,220   24     8,190   47     3,690   21  
3 or more problems  2,090   8     5,940   23     11,760   45     6,270   24  
                                       
Transfers as a percentage
of enrollment9 
                                     
Less than 6 percent  1,220   7     1,880   10     9,910   54     5,470   30  
6 to less than 11 percent  1,750   8     3,860   18     10,500   48     5,900   27  
11 to less than 21 percent  3,110   9     8,320   24     16,670   47     7,040   20  
21 percent or more  2,180   5     15,100   32     17,250   37     11,950   26  
                                       
Prevalence of schoolwide
disruptions10 
                                     
No disruptions  6,550   7     21,180   23     43,340   46     22,990   24  
Any disruptions  1,720   6     7,990   28     10,990   39     7,370   26  
                                       
Percent of students                                       
absent on a daily basis                                       
0–2 percent          28 !   1,560 ! 49     540 ! 17 !
3–5 percent  2,810   6     11,660   27     17,180   39     11,940   27  
6–10 percent  4,110   7     13,780   23     28,170   47     13,260   22  
More than 10 percent  1,130 ! 7 !   2,830   18     7,420   46     4,630   29  
                                       
Prevalence of violent incidents11                                       
No violent incidents                35 !   320 ! 40 !
Any violent incidents  8,150   7     29,070   24     54,050   45     30,040   25  
! Interpret data with caution. The standard error for this estimate is from 30 percent to 50 percent of the estimate’s value.
‡ Reporting standards not met. The standard error for this estimate is equal to 50 percent or more of the estimate's value.
1 Specialized school was defined for respondents as "a school that is specifically for students who were referred for disciplinary reasons. The school may also have students who were referred for other reasons, although the school may be at the same location as your school."
2 Other disciplinary actions include suspension less than 5 days, detention, etc.
3 Respondents were asked, "How would you describe the crime level in the area(s) in which your students live?" Response options included "high level of crime," "moderate level of crime," "low level of crime," and "students come from areas with very different levels of crime."
4 Responding schools that did not have race/ethnicity on the sampling frame (2 percent of schools) are excluded from the base.
5 Student-to-FTE ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides. The total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers and aides, including special education teachers and aides, with an adjustment to compensate for the part-time status.
6 Respondents were asked, "How many classroom changes do most students make in a typical day?" Responses exclude morning arrival and afternoon departure.
7 Respondents were asked, "During the 2005–2006 school year, did you have any sworn law enforcement officers, security guards, or security personnel present at your school at least once a week?"
8 Serious discipline problems include student racial tensions, student bullying, student sexual harassment of other students, student verbal abuse of teachers, widespread disorder in classrooms, student acts of disrespect for teachers, gang activities, and cult or extremist group activities. If a respondent reported that any of these problems occurred daily or weekly in their school, each was counted once in the total number of serious discipline problems.
9 Transfers as a percentage of enrollment combines the number of students who were transferred to a school and the number of students who were transferred from a school divided by the total number of students enrolled in the school.
10 Schoolwide disruptions include actions that disrupted school activities such as death threats, bomb threats, and chemical, biological, or radiological threats. Respondents were instructed to exclude all fire alarms, including false alarms.
11 Violent incidents include rape or attempted rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with or without a weapon, threat of physical attack with or without a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
NOTE: "At school" was defined for respondents to include activities that happen in school buildings, on school grounds, on school buses, and at places that hold school-sponsored events or activities. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. The number of incidents, students, or disciplinary actions reported for a specified offense will not always be equal. This may be because a single incident could involve multiple victims or because no disciplinary action is taken for an incident. Data regarding illegal drugs and alcohol are categorized slightly differently in 2006 than they were in previous collections in the SSOCS series; therefore, direct comparisons between the years should not be made. Responses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about crime and safety issues at the school. High schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 9 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 12.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), 2005–06 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2006.


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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education