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Table 16.  Number and percentage distribution of students in public high schools involved in the use or possession of a weapon other than a firearm at school receiving various disciplinary actions, by selected school characteristics: School year 2005–06

  Disciplinary actions taken for students involved in the use or
possession of a weapon1 other than a firearm at school
  Removals with no continuing services for at least the remainder of the school year   Transfers to specialized schools2   Out-of-school suspen-
sions lasting 5 or more days
but less than the remain-
der of the school year
  Other disciplinary action3
School characteristic Number   Percent     Number   Percent     Number   Percent     Number   Percent  
All public schools  3,010   13     6,370   27     10,130   42     4,390   18  
                                       
Enrollment size                                       
Less than 300              640 ! 46 !      
300–499  90 !     260 ! 24 !   420   39     300 ! 28 !
500–999  300 ! 9 !   690   21     1,490   46     750   23  
1,000 or more  2,550   14     5,270   29     7,580   42     2,800   15  
                                       
Urbanicity                                       
City  830   9     3,010   34     3,950   45     970   11  
Urban fringe  1,620   17     1,980   21     3,500   37     2,290 ! 24  
Town  200 ! 10 !   340 ! 18     950   50     410   22  
Rural  370 ! 10 !   1,040   27     1,730   45     720   19  
                                       
Crime level where students live4                                       
High  320 ! 8 !   1,300   34     1,780 ! 47     410 ! 11 !
Moderate  610   11     1,770   32     2,360   43     800   14  
Low  1,280   12     2,180   21     4,300   42     2,480 ! 24  
Mixed  800   19     1,110   26     1,700   39     700 ! 16  
                                       
Percent minority enrollment5                                       
Less than 5 percent  160 ! 9 !   210 ! 12 !   840   50     470   28  
5 to less than 20 percent  570   10     790   14     2,590   45     1,780 ! 31 !
20 to less than 50 percent  790   14     1,810   32     2,210   39     870 ! 15 !
50 percent or more  1,470   14     3,370   33     4,470   43     1,040   10  
                                       
Percent of students
eligible for free or
reduced-price lunch 
                                     
0–20 percent  680   13     1,090   21     2,290   45     1,030   20  
21–50 percent  1,540   15     2,850   27     4,140   39     2,070 ! 20  
More than 50 percent  790   10     2,430   30     3,700   45     1,290 ! 16  
                                       
Percent of students below 15th
percentile on standardized tests 
                                     
0–5 percent  520 ! 11 !   1,170   24     1,770   37     1,340 ! 28  
6–15 percent  1,240   13     2,380   25     3,700   39     2,080 ! 22  
More than 15 percent  1,250   13     2,820   29     4,660   48     980   10  
Percent of students likely
to attend college 
                                     
0–35 percent  660   11     1,780   30     2,660   45     800   14  
36–60 percent  990   15     2,040   30     2,610   38     1,190   17  
More than 60 percent  1,350   12     2,540   23     4,870   44     2,410 ! 22  
                                       
Percent of students who consider
academic achievement important 
                                     
0–25 percent  340 ! 14 !   690 ! 29     1,090 ! 45     290 ! 12 !
26–50 percent  440   10     1,370   30     2,350   51     430 ! 9  
51–75 percent  1,240   13     2,360   24     3,680   38     2,490 ! 26  
More than 75 percent  990   14     1,960   27     3,010   42     1,180   17  
                                       
Percent male enrollment                                       
0–44 percent  250 !     460 !     770 ! 34 !      
45–55 percent  2,490   12     5,530   27     8,940   44     3,210   16  
More than 55 percent  270 ! 19 !   370 ! 26 !   410 ! 29     360 ! 25 !
                                       
Student-to-FTE ratio6                                       
Less than 12 students  790   12     1,380   21     2,160   33     2,170 ! 33  
12–16 students  1,120   13     2,240   26     4,100   48     1,150   13  
More than 16 students  1,110   13     2,740   31     3,870   44     1,070   12  
                                       
Number of classroom changes7                                       
0–3 changes  270 ! 24 !   140 ! 13 !   530   47       16 !
4–6 changes  1,920   14     3,790   27     5,960   42     2,460   17  
More than 6 changes  820   10     2,430   28     3,640   42     1,760   20  
                                       
Regular use of law enforcement8                                       
Regular use  2,750   13     6,080   28     9,120   42     3,930   18  
No regular use  260 ! 13 !   290 ! 14 !   1,010   50     460 ! 23  
                                       
Number of serious
discipline problems9 
                                     
No problems  1,320   13     2,660   27     3,860   39     2,010 ! 20  
1 problem  600   14 !   990   23     2,110   49     660   15  
2 problems  550 ! 12     1,450   31     1,570   34     1,050 ! 23 !
3 or more problems  550   11     1,270   25     2,590   51     680 ! 13 !
                                       
Transfers as a percentage
of enrollment10 
                                     
Less than 6 percent  350 ! 13     450   17     1,460   54     430   16  
6 to less than 11 percent  420   11     1,170   30     1,640   42     660 ! 17 !
11 to less than 21 percent  1,220   17     1,680   23     3,350   46     970   13  
21 percent or more  1,010   10     3,070   30     3,680   36     2,330 ! 23  
                                       
Prevalence of schoolwide
disruptions11 
                                     
No disruptions  2,280   12     4,920   26     8,210   43     3,880   20  
Any disruptions  740 ! 16     1,440   31     1,920   42     520 ! 11 !
                                       
Percent of students
absent on a daily basis 
                                     
0–2 percent          42 !   190 ! 41        
3–5 percent  860   14     1,970   32     2,390   39     970   16  
6–10 percent  1,660   13     2,840   23     4,970   40     2,890   23  
More than 10 percent  430   9     1,370   28     2,590   53     520 ! 11 !
                                       
Prevalence of violent incidents12                                       
No violent incidents              #   #     #   #  
Any violent incidents  2,990   13     6,320   27     10,130   43     4,390   18  
# Rounds to zero.
! Interpret data with caution. The standard error for this estimate is from 30 percent to 50 percent of the estimate’s value.
‡ Reporting standards not met. The standard error for this estimate is equal to 50 percent or more of the estimate's value.
1 Weapon was defined for respondents as "any instrument or object used with the intent to threaten, injure, or kill. This includes look-alikes if they are used to threaten others."
2 Specialized school was defined for respondents as "a school that is specifically for students who were referred for disciplinary reasons, although the school may also have students who were referred for other reasons. The school may be at the same location as your school."
3 Other disciplinary actions include suspension less than 5 days, detention, etc.
4 Respondents were asked, "How would you describe the crime level in the area(s) in which your students live?" Response options included "high level of crime," "moderate level of crime," "low level of crime," and "students come from areas with very different levels of crime."
5 Responding schools that did not have race/ethnicity on the sampling frame (2 percent of schools) are excluded from the base.
6 Student-to-FTE ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides. The total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers and aides, including special education teachers and aides, with an adjustment to compensate for the part-time status.
7 Respondents were asked, "How many classroom changes do most students make in a typical day?" Responses exclude morning arrival and afternoon departure.
8 Respondents were asked, "During the 2005–2006 school year, did you have any sworn law enforcement officers, security guards, or security personnel present at your school at least once a week?"
9 Serious discipline problems include student racial tensions, student bullying, student sexual harassment of other students, student verbal abuse of teachers, widespread disorder in classrooms, student acts of disrespect for teachers, gang activities, and cult or extremist group activities. If a respondent reported that any of these problems occurred daily or weekly in their school, each was counted once in the total number of serious discipline problems.
10 Transfers as a percentage of enrollment combines the number of students who were transferred to a school and the number of students who were transferred from a school divided by the total number of students enrolled in the school.
11 Schoolwide disruptions include actions that disrupted school activities such as death threats, bomb threats, and chemical, biological, or radiological threats. Respondents were instructed to exclude all fire alarms, including false alarms.
12 Violent incidents include rape or attempted rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with or without a weapon, threat of physical attack with or without a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
NOTE: "At school" was defined for respondents to include activities that happen in school buildings, on school grounds, on school buses, and at places that hold school-sponsored events or activities. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. The number of incidents, students, or disciplinary actions reported for a specified offense will not always be equal. This may be because a single incident could involve multiple victims or because no disciplinary action is taken for an incident. Responses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about crime and safety issues at the school. High schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 9 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 12.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), 2005–06 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2006.


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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education