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Table 15.  Number and percentage distribution of students in public high schools involved in the use or possession of a firearm or explosive device at school receiving various disciplinary actions, by selected school characteristics: School year 2005–06

  Disciplinary actions taken for students involved in the use or
possession of a firearm or explosive device1 at school
  Removals with no continuing services for at least the remainder of the school year   Transfers to specialized schools2   Out-of-school suspen-
sions lasting 5 or more days
but less than the remain-
der of the school year
  Other disciplinary action3
School characteristic Number   Percent     Number   Percent     Number   Percent     Number   Percent  
All public schools 690   820                
                                       
Enrollment size                                       
Less than 300              #   #        
300–499        #   #           #   #  
500–999  150 ! 32     140 ! 30     170 ! 35        
1,000 or more  460       650                
                                       
Urbanicity                                       
City  210 ! 18 !   360   31 !   410 ! 35        
Urban fringe  290       270                
Town  60 ! 35 !         80 ! 45 !      
Rural  130 ! 26 !   170 ! 34       34        
                                       
Crime level where students live4                                       
High  150 !     120 !              
Moderate  190 ! 21 !   280   31 !   300 ! 33        
Low  240       330               81 !
Mixed  110 ! 35     80 ! 26 !     26 !      
                                       
Percent minority enrollment5                                       
Less than 5 percent          40       46     #   #  
5 to less than 20 percent  120 !     190 !              
20 to less than 50 percent  100 !     140 !       28        
50 percent or more  380       350         70 !      
                                       
Percent of students
eligible for free or
reduced-price lunch 
                                     
0–20 percent  100 !     180 !       25 !      
21–50 percent  330       320                
More than 50 percent  260       320         72 !      
                                       
Percent of students below 15th
percentile on standardized tests 
                                     
0–5 percent  100 ! 31 !   160 ! 48              
6–15 percent  330       220                
More than 15 percent  250       440         62 !      
                                       
Percent of students likely
to attend college 
                                     
0–35 percent  210       150 !              
36–60 percent  260   35     290   39     180 ! 24        
More than 60 percent  220       380               79 !
                                       
Percent of students who consider
academic achievement important 
                                     
0–25 percent        90 ! 26 !            
26–50 percent  140 !     100 !              
51–75 percent  260       310 !              
More than 75 percent  220 !     320         30       49 !
                                       
Percent male enrollment                                       
0–44 percent                      85 !
45–55 percent  540       650         63 !      
More than 55 percent  110 ! 43 !     36 !            
                                       
Student-to-FTE ratio6                                       
Less than 12 students  110 !     300                
12–16 students  360       310 !     730 ! 33        
More than 16 students  220   27 !   210   26 !   200 ! 25        
                                       
Number of classroom changes7                                       
0–3 changes                    #   #  
4–6 changes  470       380                
More than 6 changes  180       420         38        
                                       
Regular use of law enforcement8                                       
Regular use  630       760                
No regular use                       
                                       
Number of serious
discipline problems9 
                                     
No problems  350       290                
1 problem        210 !       31        
2 problems  120 ! 34 !   150 ! 42     80 ! 24 !   #   #  
3 or more problems  190 ! 29 !   170 ! 27 !   260 ! 41        
                                       
Transfers as a percentage
of enrollment10 
                                     
Less than 6 percent                35 !      
6 to less than 11 percent        150 !           #   #  
11 to less than 21 percent  290   39     190   26     190 ! 26       10 !
21 percent or more  260       420                
                                       
Prevalence of schoolwide
disruptions11 
                                     
No disruptions  590       470                
Any disruptions  90 !     360         42        
                                       
Percent of students
absent on a daily basis 
                                     
0–2 percent  #       #       #       #    
3–5 percent  180   24     300   39     200 ! 27     70 ! 10 !
6–10 percent  350       380       1,780 !       77 !
More than 10 percent  160 !     150                
                                       
Prevalence of violent incidents12                                       
No violent incidents        #   #     #   #        
Any violent incidents  660       820                
# Rounds to zero.
! Interpret data with caution. The standard error for this estimate is from 30 percent to 50 percent of the estimate’s value.
‡ Reporting standards not met. The standard error for this estimate is equal to 50 percent or more of the estimate's value.
1 Firearm or explosive device was defined for respondents as "any weapon that is designed to (or may readily be converted to) expel a projectile by the action of an explosive. This includes guns, bombs, grenades, mines, rockets, missiles, pipe bombs, or similar devices designed to explode and capable of causing bodily harm or property damage."
2 Specialized school was defined for respondents as "a school that is specifically for students who were referred for disciplinary reasons, although the school may also have students who were referred for other reasons. The school may be at the same location as your school."
3 Other disciplinary actions include suspension less than 5 days, detention, etc.
4 Respondents were asked, "How would you describe the crime level in the area(s) in which your students live?" Response options included "high level of crime," "moderate level of crime," "low level of crime," and "students come from areas with very different levels of crime."
5 Responding schools that did not have race/ethnicity on the sampling frame (2 percent of schools) are excluded from the base.
6 Student-to-FTE ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides. The total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides isa combination of the full-time and part-time teachers and aides, including special education teachers and aides, with an adjustment to compensate for the part-time status.
7 Respondents were asked, "How many classroom changes do most students make in a typical day?" Responses exclude morning arrival and afternoon departure.
8 Respondents were asked, "During the 2005–2006 school year, did you have any sworn law enforcement officers, security guards, or security personnel present at your school at least once a week?"
9 Serious discipline problems include student racial tensions, student bullying, student sexual harassment of other students, student verbal abuse of teachers, widespread disorder in classrooms, student acts of disrespect for teachers, gang activities, and cult or extremist group activities. If a respondent reported that any of these problems occurred daily or weekly in their school, each was counted once in the total number of serious discipline problems.
10 Transfers as a percentage of enrollment combines the number of students who were transferred to a school and the number of students who were transferred from a school divided by the total number of students enrolled in the school.
11 Schoolwide disruptions include actions that disrupted school activities such as death threats, bomb threats, and chemical, biological, or radiological threats. Respondents were instructed to exclude all fire alarms, including false alarms.
12 Violent incidents include rape or attempted rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with or without a weapon, threat of physical attack with or without a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
NOTE: "At school" was defined for respondents to include activities that happen in school buildings, on school grounds, on school buses, and at places that hold school-sponsored events or activities. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. The number of incidents, students, or disciplinary actions reported for a specified offense will not always be equal. This may be because a single incident could involve multiple victims or because no disciplinary action is taken for an incident. Responses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about crime and safety issues at the school. High schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 9 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 12.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), 2005–06 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2006.


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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education