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Table 24.  Number and percentage of public high schools with a written plan for responding to at least one crisis situation that drilled students on that plan, and the percentage of schools with specified types of crisis response plans that drilled students on that plan, by selected school characteristics: School year 2003–04


School characteristic  Schools with a written plan for responding to at least one crisis that drilled students on that plan   Percentage of schools with specified types of crisis response plans that drilled students on that plan
Number of schools Percent of schools   Shootings Natural disasters1 Hostages Bomb threats or incidents Chemical, biological, or radiological threats or incidents2
All public schools  9,418 88   44 82 40 59 34
                 
Enrollment size                 
Less than 300  1,277 84   30 78 30 40 27
300–499  1,422 90   40 84 35 55 32
500–999  2,323 84   39 80 36 53 28
1,000 or more  4,395 91   52 83 46 70 40
                 
Urbanicity                 
City  2,043 89   52 79 47 69 39
Urban fringe  3,061 87   50 82 46 66 39
Town  1,563 89   34 84 37 47 27
Rural  2,751 88   39 82 30 51 29
                 
Crime level where students live3                 
High  484 87   61 77 44 78 39
Moderate  2,037 92   41 84 40 69 40
Low  5,487 86   43 80 38 53 32
Mixed  1,410 90   49 85 46 64 35
                 
Percent minority enrollment4                 
Less than 5 percent  2,185 87   38 83 33 45 25
5 to 20 percent  2,397 87   44 79 39 55 30
20 to 50 percent  2,167 88   41 82 40 62 36
50 percent or more  2,478 90   52 82 45 73 46
                 
Percent of students
eligible for free or
reduced-price lunch 
               
0–20 percent  3,221 87   45 83 42 53 33
21–50 percent  3,983 89   43 81 38 60 30
More than 50 percent  2,214 87   45 81 40 68 44
                 
Percent of students below 15th
percentile on standardized tests 
               
0–5 percent  2,547 89   45 83 42 57 36
6–15 percent  4,161 87   42 82 38 56 31
More than 15 percent  2,710 88   48 80 41 67 39
                 
Percent of students likely
to attend college 
               
0–35 percent  1,902 92   53 82 50 68 49
36–60 percent  2,826 88   36 84 30 55 27
More than 60 percent  4,690 87   47 80 42 58 34
                 
Percent of students who consider
academic achievement important 
               
0–25 percent  793 90   52 79 53 64 40
26–50 percent  1,928 90   46 84 40 66 38
51–75 percent  2,992 87   36 81 33 50 26
More than 75 percent  3,705 88   48 81 43 62 38
                 
Percent male enrollment                 
0–44 percent  844 93   54 85 54 70 44
45–55 percent  7,852 88   44 81 39 59 33
More than 55 percent  722 85   39 79 32 54 40
                 
Student-to-teacher ratio5                 
Less than 12 students  3,548 87   39 81 38 56 35
12–16 students  3,585 88   48 81 41 61 32
More than 16 students  2,285 90   48 83 42 61 37
                 
Number of classroom changes6                 
0–3 changes  477 91   48 80 50 73 39
4–6 changes  4,658 90   48 82 41 61 37
More than 6 changes  4,282 86   41 81 37 56 31
                 
Regular use of law enforcement7                 
Regular use  6,920 90   49 83 44 66 37
No regular use  2,498 84   32 79 28 43 27
                 
Number of serious
discipline problems8 
               
No problems  5,867 88   43 82 41 59 34
1 problem  1,415 88   49 82 37 55 38
2 problems  1,077 89   46 81 39 73 37
3 or more problems  1,059 87   46 78 38 55 33
                 
Transfers as a percentage
of enrollment9 
               
0 to 6 percent  2,221 89   42 85 39 55 30
6 to 11 percent  1,870 86   48 84 42 57 38
11 to 21 percent  3,035 91   49 81 43 63 36
21 percent or more  2,293 85   39 77 35 61 33
                 
Prevalence of schoolwide
disruptions10 
               
No disruptions  7,867 87   44 81 39 55 34
Any disruptions  1,551 95   47 87 44 85 35
                 
Percent of students
absent on a daily basis 
               
0–2 percent  577 91   38 91 44 52 37
3–5 percent  3,562 89   43 80 38 57 33
6–10 percent  4,150 87   45 82 39 58 34
More than 10 percent  1,128 89   52 80 49 76 43
                 
Prevalence of violent incidents11                 
No violent incidents  353 79   37 72 41 47 37
Any violent incidents  9,064 88   45 82 40 60 34
1 Examples of natural disasters provided to respondents were earthquakes or tornadoes.
2 Examples of chemical, biological, or radiological threats or incidents provided to respondents were the release of mustard gas, anthrax, smallpox, or radioactive materials.
3 Respondents were asked, "How would you describe the crime level in the area(s) in which your students live?" Response options included "high level of crime," "moderate level of crime," "low level of crime," and "students come from areas with very different levels of crime."
4 These estimates exclude data from Tennessee because schools in this state did not report estimates of student race.
5 Student-to-teacher ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides. The total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers and aides, including special education teachers and aides, with an adjustment to compensate for the part-time status.
6 Respondents were asked, "How many classroom changes do most students make in a typical day?" Responses exclude morning arrival and afternoon departure.
7 Respondents were asked, "During the 2003–2004 school year, did you have any sworn law enforcement officers, security guards, or security personnel present at your school on a regular basis?"
8 Serious discipline problems include student racial tensions, student bullying, student sexual harassment of other students, student verbal abuse of teachers, widespread disorder in classrooms, student acts of disrespect for teachers, gang activities, and cult or extremist group activities. If a respondent reported that any of these problems occurred daily or weekly in their school, each was counted once in the total number of serious discipline problems.
9 Transfers as a percentage of enrollment combines the number of students who were transferred to a school and the number of students who were transferred from a school divided by the total number of students enrolled in the school.
10 Schoolwide disruptions include actions that disrupted school activities such as death threats, bomb threats, and chemical, biological, or radiological threats. Respondents were instructed to exclude all fire alarms, including false alarms.
11 Violent incidents include rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with or without a weapon, threat of physical attack with or without a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
NOTE: Respondents were included as having a written plan for responding to at least one crisis situation if they reported that they had a written plan that described procedures for any of the following: school shootings; natural disasters; hostages; bomb threats; or chemical, biological, or radiological threats or incidents. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Responses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about crime and safety issues at the school.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2004.


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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education