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Table 21.  Percentage distribution of public high schools reporting selected percentages of parents or guardians that attended special subject-area events or volunteered at school, by selected school characteristics: School year 2003–04


School characteristic  Percent of students with a parent or guardian that attended a special subject-area event1    Percent of students with a parent or guardian that volunteered at school or served on a committee
0–25 percent
of students
26–50 percent
of students
51–75 percent
of students
76–100 percent
of students
School
does not offer
  0–25 percent
of students
26–50 percent
of students
51–75 percent
of students
76–100 percent
of students
School
does not offer
All public schools  22 33 29 12 4   71 19 5 2 4
                       
Enrollment size                       
Less than 300  17 23 27 23 9   55 23 11 2 9
300–499  22 31 27 14 5   70 17 2 4 7
500–999  22 36 29 11 3   76 16 4 1 3
1,000 or more  24 36 30 8 2   74 19 4 2 1
                       
Urbanicity                       
City  30 40 19 6 6   76 16 3 2 4
Urban fringe  19 33 34 12 3   68 21 7 2 1
Town  21 25 34 14 6   67 20 6 1 6
Rural  21 34 29 14 2   73 17 3 2 5
                       
Crime level where
students live2 
                     
High  36 48 8 # 8   86 11 2 2 #
Moderate  30 35 23 5 7   78 14 4 # 4
Low  16 31 33 16 3   67 22 5 2 4
Mixed  29 34 28 7 1   75 17 5 1 2
                       
Percent minority
enrollment3 
                     
Less than 5 percent  16 30 37 16 1   71 19 3 2 5
5 to 20 percent  14 33 33 15 5   64 23 6 3 4
20 to 50 percent  23 33 28 11 4   71 17 7 1 3
50 percent or more  34 38 19 5 4   79 15 3 1 1
                       
Percent of students
eligible for free or
reduced-price lunch 
                     
0–20 percent  15 28 38 15 3   63 26 5 2 4
21–50 percent  21 39 26 10 4   73 18 4 1 4
More than 50 percent  35 31 21 9 5   81 11 5 1 2
                       
Percent of students
below 15th percentile on
standardized tests 
                     
0–5 percent  11 33 37 16 3   64 21 8 2 5
6–15 percent  22 32 31 12 3   73 19 3 2 3
More than 15 percent  34 35 18 7 6   75 17 5 # 3
                       
Percent of students likely
to attend college 
                     
0–35 percent  33 36 19 3 8   77 15 2 1 5
36–60 percent  24 36 27 11 2   77 17 3 2 1
More than 60 percent  17 31 34 16 3   65 21 7 2 5
                       
Percent of students who consider
academic achievement important 
                     
0–25 percent  34 38 18 8 3   89 7 # 2 1
26–50 percent  29 32 26 7 5   73 15 2 2 8
51–75 percent  22 37 30 7 4   74 17 5 1 3
More than 75 percent  17 30 32 19 3   64 24 8 2 2
                       
Percent male enrollment                       
0–44 percent  17 32 28 15 9   66 24 6 2 2
45–55 percent  23 34 29 10 3   73 17 5 2 3
More than 55 percent  20 26 27 22 6   58 27 6 2 8
                       
Student-to-teacher ratio4                       
Less than 12 students  22 29 31 15 3   67 20 7 2 5
12–16 students  21 35 30 11 4   72 20 4 1 3
More than 16 students  25 38 24 8 6   77 15 4 2 2
                       
Number of classroom changes5                       
0–3 changes  21 46 14 9 10   75 11 4 # 10
4–6 changes  20 40 25 10 4   75 19 3 1 2
More than 6 changes  24 25 35 14 2   67 20 7 2 5
                       
Regular use of law enforcement6                       
Regular use  24 35 28 9 3   73 19 4 1 3
No regular use  17 29 31 17 6   67 18 6 3 6
                       
Number of serious
discipline problems7 
                     
No problems  18 32 32 13 4   67 20 6 2 4
1 problem  25 42 24 6 4   76 17 2 # 5
2 problems  28 30 30 10 3   81 15 5 # #
3 or more problems  35 31 19 12 4   75 16 2 2 5
                       
Transfers as a percentage
of enrollment8 
                     
0 to 6 percent  21 32 29 16 3   68 21 6 1 3
6 to 11 percent  17 35 33 12 3   67 20 4 3 6
11 to 21 percent  23 32 31 11 3   72 18 6 1 3
21 percent or more  27 35 23 8 7   77 17 2 2 3
                       
Prevalence of schoolwide
disruptions9 
                     
No disruptions  22 31 30 13 4   71 18 5 2 4
Any disruptions  20 46 26 5 2   72 20 3 1 4
                       
Percent of students
absent on a daily basis 
                     
0–2 percent  11 28 29 27 5   42 28 19 4 6
3–5 percent  17 34 34 13 2   71 18 6 2 4
6–10 percent  24 34 29 10 3   74 19 3 1 3
More than 10 percent  38 30 13 8 11   78 14 1 2 5
                       
Prevalence of violent incidents10                       
No violent incidents  11 15 22 29 23   47 27 8 7 11
Any violent incidents  23 34 29 11 3   72 18 5 2 3
# Rounds to zero.
1 Examples of special subject-area events provided to respondents were science fairs or concerts.
2 Respondents were asked, "How would you describe the crime level in the area(s) in which your students live?" Response options included "high level of crime," "moderate level of crime," "low level of crime," and "students come from areas with very different levels of crime."
3 These estimates exclude data from Tennessee because schools in this state did not report estimates of student race.
4 Student-to-teacher ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides. The total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers and aides, including special education teachers and aides, with an adjustment to compensate for the part-time status.
5 Respondents were asked, "How many classroom changes do most students make in a typical day?" Responses exclude morning arrival and afternoon departure.
6 Respondents were asked, "During the 2003–2004 school year, did you have any sworn law enforcement officers, security guards, or security personnel present at your school on a regular basis?"
7 Serious discipline problems include student racial tensions, student bullying, student sexual harassment of other students, student verbal abuse of teachers, widespread disorder in classrooms, student acts of disrespect for teachers, gang activities, and cult or extremist group activities. If a respondent reported that any of these problems occurred daily or weekly in their school, each was counted once in the total number of serious discipline problems.
8 Transfers as a percentage of enrollment combines the number of students who were transferred to a school and the number of students who were transferred from a school divided by the total number of students enrolled in the school.
9 Schoolwide disruptions include actions that disrupted school activities such as death threats, bomb threats, and chemical, biological, or radiological threats. Respondents were instructed to exclude all fire alarms, including false alarms.
10 Violent incidents include rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with or without a weapon, threat of physical attack with or without a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
NOTE: "At school" was defined for respondents to include activities that happen in school buildings, on school grounds, on school buses, and at places that hold school-sponsored events or activities. Detail may not sum to 100 percent because of rounding. Responses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about crime and safety issues at the school.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2004.


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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education