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Table 29.  Percentage of public secondary schools that had specified safety policies to regulate school climate, by selected school characteristics: 1999–2000


School characteristic Require students to wear uniforms Enforce a strict dress code Provide a printed code of student conduct to students Provide a printed code of student conduct to parents Require faculty and staff to wear badges or picture IDs Provide telephones in most classrooms Prohibit all tobacco use on school grounds
All public secondary schools 4 54 98 92 26 47 93
               
Enrollment size              
Less than 300 56 100 92 11 28 88
300–499 # 43 97 88 7 33 91
500–999 4 61 96 90 24 50 93
1,000 or more6 52 98 94 42 59 96
               
Urbanicity              
City 14 54 98 97 44 50 96
Urban fringe 2 54 98 92 34 52 94
Town 3 51 97 93 18 51 95
Rural 55 98 88 12 38 90
               
Crime level where students live1              
High 16 61 100 100 35 45 98
Moderate 11 62 99 96 36 49 96
Low 2 51 98 90 22 48 92
Mixed 4 58 96 92 34 45 94
               
Percent minority enrollment1              
0–5 percent 1 42 95 85 16 47 88
6–20 percent 50 99 92 29 54 96
21–50 percent 3 62 99 95 30 44 96
More than 50 percent 14 66 99 97 35 42 96
               
Percent of students eligible for free/reduced-price lunch              
0–20 percent 2 43 97 92 25 52 94
21–50 percent 3 58 98 90 26 47 93
More than 50 percent 11 70 99 95 30 38 93
               
Percent of students below 15th percentile on standardized tests              
0–5 percent 3 53 97 91 22 49 94
6–15 percent 3 53 98 91 25 48 94
More than 15 percent 7 57 99 95 35 44 92
               
Percent of students likely to attend college              
0–35 percent 7 71 98 94 30 45 93
36–60 percent 3 51 96 89 26 46 93
More than 60 percent 3 47 99 92 25 49 93
               
Percent of students who consider academic achievement important              
0–25 percent 7 77 97 100 24 52 96
26–50 percent 3 50 97 87 25 39 92
51–75 percent 3 53 98 90 24 47 92
More than 75 percent 5 52 98 95 30 51 95
               
Percent male enrollment              
0–44 percent 16 57 98 96 35 48 91
45–55 percent 3 53 98 91 26 47 94
More than 55 percent 59 97 91 23 44 93
               
Student/teacher ratio1,2              
Less than 12 4 53 99 94 13 39 89
12–16 4 54 97 91 37 49 94
More than 16 4 53 97 91 30 56 96
               
Number of classroom changes1              
0–3 changes 60 96 90 27 49 100
4–6 changes 5 59 97 93 34 50 92
More than 6 changes 3 48 98 90 19 45 94
               
Use of paid law enforcement3              
Regular use 5 55 98 92 29 48 94
No regular use # 44 100 90 44 89
               
Number of serious discipline problems4              
No problems 5 55 98 90 22 44 92
1 problem 5 51 97 93 27 48 95
2 problems 3 61 99 94 28 47 97
3 or more problems 2 49 97 92 34 53 91
               
Transfers as percentage of enrollment1,5              
0 to 6 percent 4 50 97 88 20 44 93
6 to 11 percent 4 50 97 91 20 47 91
11 to 21 percent 5 56 99 95 36 45 92
21 percent or more 3 62 99 95 36 56 98
               
Prevalence of schoolwide disruptions1,6              
No disruptions 2 53 98 91 24 49 92
Any disruptions 8 57 99 94 34 38 96
               
Percent of students absent without excuses              
None # 44 95 86 14 34 90
1–2 percent 2 55 98 91 18 50 92
3–5 percent 4 58 97 91 32 47 94
6–10 percent 8 51 99 94 34 45 96
More than 10 percent 8 53 99 99 39 52 96
               
Prevalence of violent incidents1,7              
No violent incidents 39 97 87 19 41 89
Any violent incidents 4 55 98 92 27 48 94
# Rounds to zero.
‡ Reporting standards not met.
1 Some schools are omitted from these categories because of missing data on their school characteristics. For this reason, the detailed results do not sum to the totals. See appendix J of 2000 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS) Detailed Data Documentation (NCES 2004-307) for further information.
2 Student/teacher ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time equivalent teachers. The total number of full-time equivalent teachers is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers, including special education teachers, with an adjustment to compensate for the part-time status.
3 Schools were included as regularly using paid law enforcement if they reported the use of paid law enforcement during any of the following times: at any time during school hours, while students were arriving or leaving, at selected school activities (e.g., athletic and social events, open houses, science fairs), or at any other time that the respondent specified.
4 Serious discipline problems is a count of discipline problems reported by principals. These discipline problems include student racial tensions, student bullying, student verbal abuse of teachers, widespread disorder in classrooms, and student acts of disrespect for teachers. If a principal reported that any of these problems occurred daily or weekly in their school, each was counted once in the total number of serious discipline problems. Undesirable gang activities and undesirable cult or extremist group activities were also counted once as a problem if the principal reported that these events occurred at all in their school.
5 Transfers as a percentage of enrollment combines the number of students who were transferred to a school and the number of students who were transferred from a school, divided by the total number of students enrolled in the school.
6 Schoolwide disruptions include actions that disrupted school activities such as bomb threats or anthrax threats. Respondents were instructed to exclude all fire alarms, including false alarms.
7 Violent incidents include rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with or without a weapon, threat of physical attack with or without a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. "At school/at your school" was defined for respondents as including activities happening in school buildings, on school grounds, on school buses, and at places that are holding school-sponsored events or activities. Respondents were instructed to, unless the survey specified otherwise, only respond for those times that were during normal school hours or when school activities/events were in session. A gang was defined for respondents as, "an ongoing loosely organized association of three or more persons, whether formal or informal, that has a common name, signs, symbols or colors, whose members engage, either individually or collectively, in violent or other forms of illegal behavior." Secondary schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 9 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 12.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2000.


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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
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