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Table 23.  Number and percentage of public secondary schools with a written plan for crisis, and percent of schools with specified types of crisis plan components, by selected school characteristics: 1999–2000


School characteristic Schools with written plan   Specific crisis plan components
Number of schools Percent of schools   Shootings Riots or large-scale fights Schoolwide threats1 Natural disasters2 Hostages
All public secondary schools 11,623 98   82 70 95 94 74
                 
Enrollment size                
Less than 300 1,852 94   60 41 80 88 51
300–499 1,867 99   86 69 99 97 74
500–999 3,137 99   87 71 95 95 79
1,000 or more4,767 99   87 82 98 95 80
                 
Urbanicity                
City 2,333 99   80 78 98 89 73
Urban fringe 3,730 97   84 73 96 94 75
Town 1,801 100   89 69 99 98 75
Rural 3,759 97   79 63 89 96 73
                 
Crime level where students live3                
High 466 100   65 65 97 69 57
Moderate 1,853 98   78 73 96 92 69
Low 7,761 98   84 68 93 96 77
Mixed 1,483 100   83 76 97 95 68
                 
Percent minority enrollment3                
0–5 percent 3,572 97   84 63 93 96 76
6–20 percent 2,710 99   86 74 98 95 81
21–50 percent 2,468 97   85 75 91 95 77
More than 50 percent 2,631 100   76 74 98 89 62
                 
Percent of students eligible for free/reduced-price lunch                
0–20 percent 4,735 98   85 69 96 95 77
21–50 percent 4,606 98   85 75 93 96 79
More than 50 percent 2,282 98   70 63 93 89 57
                 
Percent of students below 15th percentile on standardized tests                
0–5 percent 3,391 98   85 73 94 95 77
6–15 percent 5,348 98   82 69 94 95 75
More than 15 percent 2,884 99   80 69 97 90 67
                 
Percent of students likely to attend college                
0–35 percent 2,589 98   86 76 95 96 76
36–60 percent 3,617 97   79 68 92 93 70
More than 60 percent 5,417 98   82 69 96 94 76
                 
Percent of students who consider academic achievement important                
0–25 percent 873 99   76 60 90 97 64
26–50 percent 2,460 98   82 67 92 90 73
51–75 percent 3,883 97   81 71 95 94 73
More than 75 percent 4,407 99   84 74 96 96 77
                 
Percent male enrollment                
0–44 percent 1,110 100   81 73 95 97 60
45–55 percent 9,631 98   82 69 95 94 75
More than 55 percent 882 92   84 76 91 90 79
                 
Student/teacher ratio3,4                
Less than 12 3,456 97   73 60 92 92 63
12–16 4,061 98   87 77 97 95 83
More than 16 3,420 99   90 76 99 98 80
                 
Number of classroom changes3                
0–3 changes 485 100   88 74 100 98 80
4–6 changes 5,725 99   86 76 98 94 77
More than 6 changes 4,644 97   77 65 91 94 71
                 
Use of paid law enforcement5                
Regular use 10,439 99   84 73 97 95 76
No regular use 1,184 92   67 52 75 90 56
                 
Number of serious discipline problems6                
No problems 4,755 97   82 67 93 94 72
1 problem 2,573 98   86 74 96 95 80
2 problems 2,014 100   82 74 96 97 75
3 or more problems 2,281 98   80 70 96 90 70
                 
Transfers as percentage of enrollment3,7                
0 to 6 percent 3,785 96   80 70 94 93 71
6 to 11 percent 2,663 100   83 68 94 98 76
11 to 21 percent 2,319 98   81 69 95 91 75
21 percent or more 2,293 99   85 73 95 95 75
                 
Prevalence of schoolwide disruptions3,8                
No disruptions 8,057 98   83 70 94 95 74
Any disruptions 2,797 99   83 73 98 93 73
                 
Percent of students absent without excuses                
None 1,020 97   76 61 87 97 68
1–2 percent 3,832 97   84 72 94 95 78
3–5 percent 3,530 100   80 65 94 95 70
6–10 percent 2,262 98   87 76 98 92 75
More than 10 percent 978 100   83 79 99 91 77
                 
Prevalence of violent incidents3,9                
No violent incidents 930 95   65 55 84 94 57
Any violent incidents 10,574 98   84 72 95 94 75
1 Bomb scares, anthrax scares, or comparable schoolwide threats (not including fire).
2 For example, earthquakes or tornadoes.
3 Some schools are omitted from these categories because of missing data on their school characteristics. For this reason, the detailed results do not sum to the totals. See appendix J of 2000 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS) Detailed Data Documentation (NCES 2004-307) for further information.
4 Student/teacher ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time equivalent teachers. The total number of full-time equivalent teachers is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers, including special education teachers, with an adjustment to compensate for the part-time status.
5 Schools were included as regularly using paid law enforcement if they reported the use of paid law enforcement during any of the following times: at any time during school hours, while students were arriving or leaving, at selected school activities (e.g., athletic and social events, open houses, science fairs), or at any other time that the respondent specified.
6 Serious discipline problems is a count of discipline problems reported by principals. These discipline problems include student racial tensions, student bullying, student verbal abuse of teachers, widespread disorder in classrooms, and student acts of disrespect for teachers. If a principal reported that any of these problems occurred daily or weekly in their school, each was counted once in the total number of serious discipline problems. Undesirable gang activities and undesirable cult or extremist group activities were also counted once as a problem if the principal reported that these events occurred at all in their school.
7 Transfers as a percentage of enrollment combines the number of students who were transferred to a school and the number of students who were transferred from a school, divided by the total number of students enrolled in the school.
8 Schoolwide disruptions include actions that disrupted school activities such as bomb threats or anthrax threats. Respondents were instructed to exclude all fire alarms, including false alarms.
9 Violent incidents include rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with or without a weapon, threat of physical attack with or without a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. "At school/at your school" was defined for respondents as including activities happening in school buildings, on school grounds, on school buses, and at places that are holding school-sponsored events or activities. Respondents were instructed to, unless the survey specified otherwise, only respond for those times that were during normal school hours or when school activities/events were in session. A gang was defined for respondents as, "an ongoing loosely organized association of three or more persons, whether formal or informal, that has a common name, signs, symbols or colors, whose members engage, either individually or collectively, in violent or other forms of illegal behavior." Secondary schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 9 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 12.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2000.


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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education