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Table 20.  Number and percentage distribution of serious disciplinary actions taken by public secondary schools, by selected school characteristics: 1999–2000


School characteristic Removals with no services   Transfers to specialized schools1   Out-of-school suspensions   Total removals and transfers
Number Percent   Number Percent   Number Percent   Number Percent
All public secondary schools 48,259 11   40,063 9   370,566 81   88,323 19
                       
Enrollment size                      
Less than 300 1,950 17   453 4   9,370 80   2,403 20
300–499 1,096 5   1,470 7   17,437 87   2,566 13
500–999 12,122 11   8,457 8   89,024 81   20,579 19
1,000 or more33,092 10   29,683 9   254,735 80   62,775 20
                       
Urbanicity                      
City 24,086 16   17,176 11   113,765 73   41,261 27
Urban fringe 9,844 6   12,984 8   141,566 86   22,828 14
Town 11,251 24   3,518 8   31,529 68   14,770 32
Rural 3,078 3   6,386 7   83,705 90   9,464 10
                       
Crime level where students live2                      
High 2,743 12   3,119 14   16,563 74   5,862 26
Moderate 7,164 6   9,851 8   99,684 85   17,015 15
Low 16,695 7   19,098 8   206,499 85   35,793 15
Mixed 21,649 28   7,678 10   46,688 61   29,327 39
                       
Percent minority enrollment2                      
0–5 percent 9,324 9   3,888 4   85,794 87   13,212 13
6–20 percent 11,961 12   7,010 7   83,414 81   18,970 19
21–50 percent 7,987 8   9,906 11   76,334 81   17,892 19
More than 50 percent 18,919 12   19,167 12   121,911 76   38,086 24
                       
Percent of students eligible for free/reduced-price lunch                      
0–20 percent 15,429 9   11,510 6   154,074 85   26,938 15
21–50 percent 17,344 9   14,832 8   152,345 83   32,177 17
More than 50 percent 15,487 17   13,721 15   64,147 69   29,208 31
                       
Percent of students below 15th percentile on standardized tests                      
0–5 percent 7,312 9   8,633 11   64,136 80   15,945 20
6–15 percent 31,746 14   15,760 7   180,152 79   47,506 21
More than 15 percent 9,201 6   15,671 10   126,277 84   24,872 16
                       
Percent of students likely to attend college                      
0–35 percent 8,582 7   12,080 10   98,222 83   20,662 17
36–60 percent 27,198 16   12,229 7   133,107 77   39,427 23
More than 60 percent 12,479 7   15,754 9   139,236 83   28,233 17
                       
Percent of students who consider academic achievement important                      
0–25 percent 5,228 17   3,461 11   21,814 72   8,690 28
26–50 percent 4,149 3   10,491 9   105,280 88   14,641 12
51–75 percent 20,585 14   12,022 8   118,623 78   32,607 22
More than 75 percent 18,297 12   14,089 9   124,849 79   32,386 21
                       
Percent male enrollment                      
0–44 percent 4,403 11   3,726 9   33,147 80   8,128 20
45–55 percent 42,892 11   30,921 8   314,328 81   73,813 19
More than 55 percent 965 3   5,416 18   23,090 78   6,381 22
                       
Student/teacher ratio2,3                      
Less than 12 2,992 5   4,968 8   54,921 87   7,959 13
12–16 25,431 13   15,558 8   160,357 80   40,989 20
More than 16 18,811 11   16,692 10   133,393 79   35,503 21
                       
Number of classroom changes2                      
0–3 changes 2,725 11   1,570 6   19,912 82   4,294 18
4–6 changes 23,598 10   25,730 11   187,077 79   49,329 21
More than 6 changes 20,762 13   11,334 7   127,471 80   32,096 20
                       
Use of paid law enforcement4                      
Regular use 47,946 11   39,722 9   366,360 81   87,668 19
No regular use 313 6   342 7   4,206 87   655 13
                       
Number of serious discipline problems5                      
No problems 7,480 7   6,270 6   92,510 87   13,749 13
1 problem 8,617 9   10,821 11   78,342 80   19,437 20
2 problems 11,093 9   9,629 8   97,679 82   20,722 18
3 or more problems 21,070 15   13,344 10   102,036 75   34,414 25
                       
Transfers as percentage of enrollment2,6                      
0 to 6 percent 9,627 9   8,625 8   83,705 82   18,252 18
6 to 11 percent 5,445 7   4,641 6   62,741 86   10,086 14
11 to 21 percent 12,889 13   9,309 9   76,299 77   22,197 23
21 percent or more 19,258 12   12,822 8   132,851 81   32,080 19
                       
Prevalence of schoolwide disruptions2,7                      
No disruptions 22,555 9   21,826 8   213,668 83   44,381 17
Any disruptions 16,846 11   13,888 9   126,266 80   30,734 20
                       
Percent of students absent without excuses                      
None 1,125 13   775 9   6,756 78   1,900 22
1–2 percent 7,672 9   8,009 9   73,067 82   15,681 18
3–5 percent 14,762 10   10,229 7   115,904 82   24,991 18
6–10 percent 19,673 14   11,790 8   113,450 78   31,463 22
More than 10 percent 5,028 7   9,261 12   61,389 81   14,289 19
                       
Prevalence of violent incidents2,8                      
No violent incidents 214 3   1,573 18   6,721 79   1,787 21
Any violent incidents 46,339 10   38,283 9   357,343 81   84,622 19
1 Specialized school was defined for respondents as, "a school that is specifically for students who were referred for disciplinary reasons. The school may also have students who were referred for other reasons. The school may be at the same location as your school."
2 Some schools are omitted from these categories because of missing data on their school characteristics. For this reason, the detailed results do not sum to the totals. See appendix J of 2000 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS) Detailed Data Documentation (NCES 2004-307) for further information.
3 Student/teacher ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time equivalent teachers. The total number of full-time equivalent teachers is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers, including special education teachers, with an adjustment to compensate for the part-time status.
4 Schools were included as regularly using paid law enforcement if they reported the use of paid law enforcement during any of the following times: at any time during school hours, while students were arriving or leaving, at selected school activities (e.g., athletic and social events, open houses, science fairs), or at any other time that the respondent specified.
5 Serious discipline problems is a count of discipline problems reported by principals. These discipline problems include student racial tensions, student bullying, student verbal abuse of teachers, widespread disorder in classrooms, and student acts of disrespect for teachers. If a principal reported that any of these problems occurred daily or weekly in their school, each was counted once in the total number of serious discipline problems. Undesirable gang activities and undesirable cult or extremist group activities were also counted once as a problem if the principal reported that these events occurred at all in their school.
6 Transfers as a percentage of enrollment combines the number of students who were transferred to a school and the number of students who were transferred from a school, divided by the total number of students enrolled in the school.
7 Schoolwide disruptions include actions that disrupted school activities such as bomb threats or anthrax threats. Respondents were instructed to exclude all fire alarms, including false alarms.
8 Violent incidents include rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with or without a weapon, threat of physical attack with or without a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. "At school/at your school" was defined for respondents as including activities happening in school buildings, on school grounds, on school buses, and at places that are holding school-sponsored events or activities. Respondents were instructed to, unless the survey specified otherwise, only respond for those times that were during normal school hours or when school activities/events were in session. A gang was defined for respondents as, "an ongoing loosely organized association of three or more persons, whether formal or informal, that has a common name, signs, symbols or colors, whose members engage, either individually or collectively, in violent or other forms of illegal behavior." Secondary schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 9 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 12.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2000.


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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education