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Table 19.  Number and percentage distribution of disciplinary actions taken for possession of a weapon other than a firearm in public secondary schools, by selected school characteristics: 1999–2000


School characteristic Total offenses   Removals   Transfers to specialized schools1   Out-of-school suspensions   Other   No disciplinary action
Number   Number Percent   Number Percent   Number Percent   Number Percent   Number Percent
All public secondary schools 21,257   2,824 13   4,237 20   10,497 49   2,700 13   999 5
                                 
Enrollment size                                
Less than 300 886       524 59     # #
300–499 1,795     65 4   627 35   232 13   780 43
500–999 3,462   552 16   594 17   1,693 49   477 14   145 4
1,000 or more15,114   2,137 14   3,526 23   7,652 51   1,723 11   75 #
                                 
Urbanicity                                
City 8,198   1,264 15   1,958 24   4,137 50   817 10  
Urban fringe 7,820   1,011 13   1,498 19   3,599 46   954 12   758 10
Town 2,122   315 15   275 13   1,157 55   362 17  
Rural 3,117   234 7   506 16   1,605 51   567 18   205 7
                                 
Crime level where students live2                                
High 1,743   287 16   612 35   579 33   265 15   # #
Moderate 5,043   550 11   1,169 23   2,936 58   374 7  
Low 10,681   1,400 13   1,580 15   5,258 49   1,458 14   985 9
Mixed 3,659   587 16   811 22   1,687 46   574 16   # #
                                 
Percent minority enrollment2                                
0–5 percent 2,328   136 6   289 12   1,282 55   364 16   256 11
6–20 percent 4,824   419 9   671 14   2,325 48   721 15   688 14
21–50 percent 5,077   869 17   1,094 22   2,592 51   468 9   55 1
More than 50 percent 8,665   1,383 16   2,145 25   4,175 48   962 11   # #
                                 
Percent of students eligible for free/reduced-price lunch                                
0–20 percent 7,106   956 13   1,327 19   3,565 50   935 13   324 5
21–50 percent 8,253   677 8   1,656 20   4,156 50   1,099 13  
More than 50 percent 5,898   1,191 20   1,254 21   2,777 47   666 11  
                                 
Percent of students below 15th percentile on standardized tests                                
0–5 percent 3,637   240 7   832 23   1,819 50   712 20   35 1
6–15 percent 9,327   1,514 16   1,223 13   4,524 49   1,102 12   964 10
More than 15 percent 8,292   1,070 13   2,182 26   4,155 50   886 11   # #
                                 
Percent of students likely to attend college                                
0–35 percent 4,685   482 10   1,073 23   1,775 38   702 15  
36–60 percent 7,191   1,193 17   1,435 20   3,596 50   813 11   155 2
More than 60 percent 9,380   1,149 12   1,729 18   5,126 55   1,184 13   192 2
                                 
Percent of students who consider academic achievement important                                
0–25 percent 2,030   120 6   424 21   677 33   157 8  
26–50 percent 4,565   657 14   869 19   2,277 50   621 14   141 3
51–75 percent 6,803   778 11   1,423 21   3,526 52   942 14   134 2
More than 75 percent 7,859   1,269 16   1,521 19   4,017 51   980 12   72 1
                                 
Percent male enrollment                                
0–44 percent 1,407   182 13   325 23   653 46   230 16  
45–55 percent 18,170   2,457 14   3,617 20   8,908 49   2,218 12   970 5
More than 55 percent 1,680   184 11   294 18   936 56   252 15  
                                 
Student/teacher ratio2,3                                
Less than 12 3,982   181 5   618 16   1,738 44   754 19   690 17
12–16 7,564   1,163 15   1,366 18   3,932 52   874 12   228 3
More than 16 8,437   1,420 17   1,991 24   4,145 49   841 10  
                                 
Number of classroom changes2                                
0–3 changes 1,201   207 17   165 14   731 61   98 8   # #
4–6 changes 12,261   1,516 12   2,322 19   5,941 48   1,671 14   810 7
More than 6 changes 7,135   917 13   1,593 22   3,555 50   881 12   189 3
                                 
Use of paid law enforcement4                                
Regular use 20,868   2,824 14   4,222 20   10,336 50   2,528 12   959 5
No regular use 388   # #     162 42    
                                 
Number of serious discipline problems5                                
No problems 4,195   511 12   529 13   1,516 36   874 21   765 18
1 problem 5,194   844 16   1,149 22   2,665 51   451 9   85 2
2 problems 4,358   497 11   924 21   2,355 54   550 13   32 1
3 or more problems 7,510   972 13   1,635 22   3,962 53   825 11  
                                 
Transfers as percentage of enrollment2,6                                
0 to 6 percent 4,333   665 15   832 19   2,182 50   579 13   75 2
6 to 11 percent 3,179   359 11   378 12   2,017 63   410 13  
11 to 21 percent 6,193   727 12   1,447 23   2,549 41   704 11   767 12
21 percent or more 6,407   1,038 16   1,390 22   3,158 49   799 12  
                                 
Prevalence of schoolwide disruptions2,7                                
No disruptions 11,679   1,728 15   2,639 23   5,201 45   1,869 16   241 2
Any disruptions 7,962   1,050 13   1,182 15   4,381 55   690 9  
                                 
Percent of students absent without excuses                                
None 707   82 12     375 53   77 11   113 16
1–2 percent 4,764   562 12   923 19   2,259 47   869 18   151 3
3–5 percent 5,632   524 9   801 14   2,793 50   863 15  
6–10 percent 6,637   996 15   1,324 20   3,676 55   587 9   54 1
More than 10 percent 3,516   660 19   1,129 32   1,394 40   304 9  
                                 
Prevalence of violent incidents2,8                                
No violent incidents 425       237 56     # #
Any violent incidents 20,520   2,681 13   4,069 20   10,134 49   2,636 13   999 5
# Rounds to zero.
‡ Reporting standards not met.
1 Specialized school was defined for respondents as, "a school that is specifically for students who were referred for disciplinary reasons. The school may also have students who were referred for other reasons. The school may be at the same location as your school."
2 Some schools are omitted from these categories because of missing data on their school characteristics. For this reason, the detailed results do not sum to the totals. See appendix J of 2000 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS) Detailed Data Documentation (NCES 2004-307) for further information.
3 Student/teacher ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time equivalent teachers. The total number of full-time equivalent teachers is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers, including special education teachers, with an adjustment to compensate for the part-time status.
4 Schools were included as regularly using paid law enforcement if they reported the use of paid law enforcement during any of the following times: at any time during school hours, while students were arriving or leaving, at selected school activities (e.g., athletic and social events, open houses, science fairs), or at any other time that the respondent specified.
5 Serious discipline problems is a count of discipline problems reported by principals. These discipline problems include student racial tensions, student bullying, student verbal abuse of teachers, widespread disorder in classrooms, and student acts of disrespect for teachers. If a principal reported that any of these problems occurred daily or weekly in their school, each was counted once in the total number of serious discipline problems. Undesirable gang activities and undesirable cult or extremist group activities were also counted once as a problem if the principal reported that these events occurred at all in their school.
6 Transfers as a percentage of enrollment combines the number of students who were transferred to a school and the number of students who were transferred from a school, divided by the total number of students enrolled in the school.
7 Schoolwide disruptions include actions that disrupted school activities such as bomb threats or anthrax threats. Respondents were instructed to exclude all fire alarms, including false alarms.
8 Violent incidents include rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with or without a weapon, threat of physical attack with or without a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. "At school/at your school" was defined for respondents as including activities happening in school buildings, on school grounds, on school buses, and at places that are holding school-sponsored events or activities. Respondents were instructed to, unless the survey specified otherwise, only respond for those times that were during normal school hours or when school activities/events were in session. "Weapon" was defined for respondents as, "any instrument or object used with the intent to threaten, injure, or kill. Includes look-alikes if they are used to threaten others." "Firearm/explosive device" was defined for respondents as, "any weapon that is designed to (or may readily be converted to) expel a projectile by the action of an explosive. This includes guns, bombs, grenades, mines, rockets, missiles, pipe bombs, or similar devices designed to explode and capable of causing bodily harm or property damage." A gang was defined for respondents as, "an ongoing loosely organized association of three or more persons, whether formal or informal, that has a common name, signs, symbols or colors, whose members engage, either individually or collectively, in violent or other forms of illegal behavior." Secondary schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 9 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 12.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2000.


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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education