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Table 18.  Number and percentage distribution of disciplinary actions taken for use of a weapon other than a firearm in public secondary schools, by selected school characteristics: 1999–2000


School characteristic Total offenses   Removals   Transfers to specialized schools1   Out-of-school suspensions   Other   No disciplinary action
Number   Number Percent   Number Percent   Number Percent   Number Percent   Number Percent
All public secondary schools 3,616   784 22   949 26   1,448 40   298 8   138 4
                                 
Enrollment size                                
Less than 300 153   100 66       # #   # #
300–499 284     # #   101 36    
500–999 692   187 27   100 14   318 46    
1,000 or more2,487   460 18   823 33   1,001 40   190 8  
                                 
Urbanicity                                
City 1,826   318 17   583 32   735 40   178 10  
Urban fringe 954   281 29   250 26   423 44   # #   # #
Town 258     # #   92 36    
Rural 577   103 18   116 20   198 34    
                                 
Crime level where students live2                                
High 411   84 20   281 68     # #   # #
Moderate 1,322   133 10   297 22   647 49   209 16  
Low 1,340   339 25   268 20   574 43    
Mixed 543   228 42   104 19   180 33    
                                 
Percent minority enrollment2                                
0–5 percent 379   73 19   # #   146 39    
6–20 percent 443   121 27   47 11   258 58     # #
21–50 percent 1,220   258 21   386 32   451 37   88 7  
More than 50 percent 1,575   333 21   516 33   592 38    
                                 
Percent of students eligible for free/reduced-price lunch                                
0–20 percent 1,130   331 29   185 16   438 39   89 8  
21–50 percent 1,146   253 22   186 16   583 51   88 8  
More than 50 percent 1,339   201 15   578 43   426 32    
                                 
Percent of students below 15th percentile on standardized tests                                
0–5 percent 548   58 10   99 18   319 58    
6–15 percent 1,303   358 27   186 14   568 44   89 7  
More than 15 percent 1,765   368 21   664 38   561 32   173 10   # #
                                 
Percent of students likely to attend college                                
0–35 percent 1,091   280 26   482 44   289 27     # #
36–60 percent 1,374   172 13   261 19   545 40   258 19   138 10
More than 60 percent 1,150   332 29   206 18   613 53   # #   # #
                                 
Percent of students who consider academic achievement important                                
0–25 percent 392   81 21   271 69   # #     # #
26–50 percent 629   132 21   163 26   246 39   # #  
51–75 percent 981   276 28   202 21   472 48    
More than 75 percent 1,615   295 18   312 19   730 45   241 15  
                                 
Percent male enrollment                                
0–44 percent 288   106 37     158 55   # #   # #
45–55 percent 3,206   669 21   876 27   1,226 38   298 9   138 4
More than 55 percent 122       64 52   # #   # #
                                 
Student/teacher ratio2,3                                
Less than 12 812   186 23   157 19   189 23   244 30  
12–16 923   185 20   99 11   523 57    
More than 16 1,722   374 22   641 37   707 41   # #   # #
                                 
Number of classroom changes2                                
0–3 changes         # #   # #
4–6 changes 1,832   400 22   491 27   871 48    
More than 6 changes 1,523   239 16   448 29   544 36   204 13  
                                 
Use of paid law enforcement4                                
Regular use 3,562   744 21   949 27   1,433 40   298 8   138 4
No regular use     # #     # #   # #
                                 
Number of serious discipline problems5                                
No problems 476   123 26     159 33    
1 problem 850   241 28   154 18   351 41   67 8  
2 problems 366   124 34   110 30   131 36   # #   # #
3 or more problems 1,924   296 15   637 33   805 42   173 9  
                                 
Transfers as percentage of enrollment2,6                                
0 to 6 percent 836   176 21   312 37   348 42   # #   # #
6 to 11 percent 760   197 26   95 12   396 52   174 9   # #
11 to 21 percent 1,031   182 18   264 26   374 36   # #  
21 percent or more 813   217 27   268 33   302 37    
                                 
Prevalence of schoolwide disruptions2,7                                
No disruptions 2,053   446 22   502 24   871 42   222 11  
Any disruptions 1,006   314 31   200 20   420 42    
                                 
Percent of students absent without excuses                                
None 186         # #  
1–2 percent 451   120 27   72 16   148 33   111 25   # #
3–5 percent 798   175 22   205 26   303 38   66 8  
6–10 percent 1,101   213 19   201 18   687 62   # #   # #
More than 10 percent 1,080   264 24   400 37   295 27     # #
                                 
Prevalence of violent incidents2,8                                
No violent incidents   # #   # #     # #   # #
Any violent incidents 3,580   772 22   949 27   1,424 40   298 8   138 4
# Rounds to zero.
‡ Reporting standards not met.
1 Specialized school was defined for respondents as, "a school that is specifically for students who were referred for disciplinary reasons. The school may also have students who were referred for other reasons. The school may be at the same location as your school."
2 Some schools are omitted from these categories because of missing data on their school characteristics. For this reason, the detailed results do not sum to the totals. See appendix J of 2000 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS) Detailed Data Documentation (NCES 2004-307) for further information.
3 Student/teacher ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time equivalent teachers. The total number of full-time equivalent teachers is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers, including special education teachers, with an adjustment to compensate for the part-time status.
4 Schools were included as regularly using paid law enforcement if they reported the use of paid law enforcement during any of the following times: at any time during school hours, while students were arriving or leaving, at selected school activities (e.g., athletic and social events, open houses, science fairs), or at any other time that the respondent specified.
5 Serious discipline problems is a count of discipline problems reported by principals. These discipline problems include student racial tensions, student bullying, student verbal abuse of teachers, widespread disorder in classrooms, and student acts of disrespect for teachers. If a principal reported that any of these problems occurred daily or weekly in their school, each was counted once in the total number of serious discipline problems. Undesirable gang activities and undesirable cult or extremist group activities were also counted once as a problem if the principal reported that these events occurred at all in their school.
6 Transfers as a percentage of enrollment combines the number of students who were transferred to a school and the number of students who were transferred from a school, divided by the total number of students enrolled in the school.
7 Schoolwide disruptions include actions that disrupted school activities such as bomb threats or anthrax threats. Respondents were instructed to exclude all fire alarms, including false alarms.
8 Violent incidents include rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with or without a weapon, threat of physical attack with or without a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. "At school/at your school" was defined for respondents as including activities happening in school buildings, on school grounds, on school buses, and at places that are holding school-sponsored events or activities. Respondents were instructed to, unless the survey specified otherwise, only respond for those times that were during normal school hours or when school activities/events were in session. "Weapon" was defined for respondents as, "any instrument or object used with the intent to threaten, injure, or kill. Includes look-alikes if they are used to threaten others." "Firearm/explosive device" was defined for respondents as, "any weapon that is designed to (or may readily be converted to) expel a projectile by the action of an explosive. This includes guns, bombs, grenades, mines, rockets, missiles, pipe bombs, or similar devices designed to explode and capable of causing bodily harm or property damage." A gang was defined for respondents as, "an ongoing loosely organized association of three or more persons, whether formal or informal, that has a common name, signs, symbols or colors, whose members engage, either individually or collectively, in violent or other forms of illegal behavior." Secondary schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 9 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 12.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2000.


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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education