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Table 17.  Number and percentage distribution of disciplinary actions taken for possession of a firearm/explosive device in public secondary schools, by selected school characteristics: 1999–2000


School characteristic Total offenses   Removals   Transfers to specialized schools1   Out-of-school suspensions   Other   No disciplinary action
Number   Number Percent   Number Percent   Number Percent   Number Percent   Number Percent
All public secondary schools 3,644   695 19   824 23   1,720 47   317 9  
                                 
Enrollment size                                
Less than 300   # #       # #   # #
300–499 159   # #       # #  
500–999 902   168 19   210 23   343 38   182 20   # #
1,000 or more2,513   527 21   545 22   1,306 52   135 5   # #
                                 
Urbanicity                                
City 1,118   260 23   386 35   332 30   141 13   # #
Urban fringe 1,501   238 16   196 13   1,026 68   40 3   # #
Town 322   83 26   112 35   102 32     # #
Rural 704   114 16   130 18   260 37   111 16  
                                 
Crime level where students live2                                
High 360   74 21   240 67       # #
Moderate 696   144 21   193 28   208 30   152 22   # #
Low 2,031   402 20   245 12   1,207 59   89 4  
Mixed 510   65 13   109 21   270 53     # #
                                 
Percent minority enrollment2                                
0–5 percent 481   90 19   134 28   141 29   28 6  
6–20 percent 532   144 27   100 19   279 52     # #
21–50 percent 675   118 18   111 16   361 53   85 13   # #
More than 50 percent 1,934   343 18   469 24   939 49   183 9   # #
                                 
Percent of students eligible for free/reduced-price lunch                                
0–20 percent 1,197   274 23   211 18   558 47   65 5  
21–50 percent 1,479   262 18   200 13   962 65   55 4   # #
More than 50 percent 969   158 16   413 43   200 21   197 20   # #
                                 
Percent of students below 15th percentile on standardized tests                                
0–5 percent 438   141 32   88 20   191 44     # #
6–15 percent 1,722   252 15   230 13   1,088 63   64 4  
More than 15 percent 1,485   302 20   506 34   441 30   236 16   # #
                                 
Percent of students likely to attend college                                
0–35 percent 820   107 13   305 37   247 30   160 20   # #
36–60 percent 1,047   247 24   329 31   329 31   54 5  
More than 60 percent 1,778   340 19   190 11   1,145 64   102 6   # #
                                 
Percent of students who consider academic achievement important                                
0–25 percent 227   62 27   57 25     85 37   # #
26–50 percent 731   158 22   191 26   217 30   76 10  
51–75 percent 997   217 22   300 30   407 41     # #
More than 75 percent 1,690   258 15   275 16   1,074 64   83 5   # #
                                 
Percent male enrollment                                
0–44 percent 139   63 45   41 30     # #   # #
45–55 percent 3,273   632 19   731 22   1,622 50   200 6  
More than 55 percent 223   # #   52 22   64 27     # #
                                 
Student/teacher ratio2,3                                
Less than 12 412   73 18   220 53   103 25     # #
12–16 1,250   354 28   246 20   518 41   45 4  
More than 16 1,872   250 13   322 17   1,045 56   255 14   # #
                                 
Number of classroom changes2                                
0–3 changes 201   44 22   31 15   126 63   # #   # #
4–6 changes 2,623   444 17   670 26   1,214 46   296 11   # #
More than 6 changes 679   132 19   87 13   351 52    
                                 
Use of paid law enforcement4                                
Regular use 3,608   695 19   802 22   1,707 47   317 9  
No regular use   # #       # #   # #
                                 
Number of serious discipline problems5                                
No problems 1,262   162 13   188 15   783 62   41 3  
1 problem 749   226 30   102 14   330 44   91 12   # #
2 problems 903   138 15   346 38   282 31   137 15   # #
3 or more problems 731   169 23   189 26   325 44   48 7   # #
                                 
Transfers as percentage of enrollment2,6                                
0 to 6 percent 1,474   251 17   219 15   929 63   74 5   # #
6 to 11 percent 541   179 33   131 24   174 32   57 11   # #
11 to 21 percent 643   141 22   80 12   322 50   101 16   # #
21 percent or more 746   95 13   336 45   230 31   85 11   # #
                                 
Prevalence of schoolwide disruptions2,7                                
No disruptions 2,527   444 18   489 19   1,403 56   191 8   # #
Any disruptions 649   223 34   121 19   199 31   106 16   # #
                                 
Percent of students absent without excuses                                
None 184     # #   71 39   # #  
1–2 percent 1,228   233 19   100 8   750 61   146 12   # #
3–5 percent 838   109 13   226 27   481 57     # #
6–10 percent 789   175 22   274 35   267 34     # #
More than 10 percent 606   153 25   225 37   150 25   77 13   # #
                                 
Prevalence of violent incidents2,8                                
No violent incidents 107         # #   # #
Any violent incidents 2,937   601 20   813 28   1,128 38   306 10  
# Rounds to zero.
‡ Reporting standards not met.
1 Specialized school was defined for respondents as, "a school that is specifically for students who were referred for disciplinary reasons. The school may also have students who were referred for other reasons. The school may be at the same location as your school."
2 Some schools are omitted from these categories because of missing data on their school characteristics. For this reason, the detailed results do not sum to the totals. See appendix J of 2000 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS) Detailed Data Documentation (NCES 2004-307) for further information.
3 Student/teacher ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time equivalent teachers. The total number of full-time equivalent teachers is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers, including special education teachers, with an adjustment to compensate for the part-time status.
4 Schools were included as regularly using paid law enforcement if they reported the use of paid law enforcement during any of the following times: at any time during school hours, while students were arriving or leaving, at selected school activities (e.g., athletic and social events, open houses, science fairs), or at any other time that the respondent specified.
5 Serious discipline problems is a count of discipline problems reported by principals. These discipline problems include student racial tensions, student bullying, student verbal abuse of teachers, widespread disorder in classrooms, and student acts of disrespect for teachers. If a principal reported that any of these problems occurred daily or weekly in their school, each was counted once in the total number of serious discipline problems. Undesirable gang activities and undesirable cult or extremist group activities were also counted once as a problem if the principal reported that these events occurred at all in their school.
6 Transfers as a percentage of enrollment combines the number of students who were transferred to a school and the number of students who were transferred from a school, divided by the total number of students enrolled in the school.
7 Schoolwide disruptions include actions that disrupted school activities such as bomb threats or anthrax threats. Respondents were instructed to exclude all fire alarms, including false alarms.
8 Violent incidents include rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with or without a weapon, threat of physical attack with or without a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. "At school/at your school" was defined for respondents as including activities happening in school buildings, on school grounds, on school buses, and at places that are holding school-sponsored events or activities. Respondents were instructed to, unless the survey specified otherwise, only respond for those times that were during normal school hours or when school activities/events were in session. "Firearm/explosive device" was defined for respondents as, "any weapon that is designed to (or may readily be converted to) expel a projectile by the action of an explosive. This includes guns, bombs, grenades, mines, rockets, missiles, pipe bombs, or similar devices designed to explode and capable of causing bodily harm or property damage." A gang was defined for respondents as, "an ongoing loosely organized association of three or more persons, whether formal or informal, that has a common name, signs, symbols or colors, whose members engage, either individually or collectively, in violent or other forms of illegal behavior." Secondary schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 9 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 12.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2000.


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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education