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Table 16.  Number and percentage distribution of disciplinary actions taken for use of a firearm/explosive device in public secondary schools, by selected school characteristics: 1999–2000


School characteristic Total offenses   Removals   Transfers to specialized schools1   Out-of-school suspensions   Other   No disciplinary action
Number   Number Percent   Number Percent   Number Percent   Number Percent   Number Percent
All public secondary schools 4,643   408 9   308 7   3,655 79   183 4  
 
                                 
Enrollment size                                
Less than 300 #   #   #   #   #   #
300–499 129   # #     # #    
500–999 3,332       3,173 95     # #
1,000 or more1,181   395 33   217 18   482 41   88 7   # #
                                 
Urbanicity                                
City 726   287 40   106 15   278 38     # #
Urban fringe 412   99 24   122 30   141 34   49 12   # #
Town 85         # #   # #
Rural 3,420     70 2   3,175 93   78 2  
                                 
Crime level where students live2                                
High 418   230 55   118 28     # #   # #
Moderate 308   38 12     185 60     # #
Low 651   141 22   80 12   276 42   66 10  
Mixed 3,266   # #   86 3   3,124 96     # #
                                 
Percent minority enrollment2                                
0–5 percent 177   # #   # #   75 42    
6–20 percent 259   44 17   45 17   121 47   49 19   # #
21–50 percent 320   72 22   96 30   153 48   # #   # #
More than 50 percent 3,863   293 8   157 4   3,306 86     # #
                                 
Percent of students eligible for free/reduced-price lunch                                
0–20 percent 342   45 13     158 46    
21–50 percent 570   96 17   151 27   289 51   35 6   # #
More than 50 percent 3,731   268 7   146 4   3,209 86     # #
                                 
Percent of students below 15th percentile on standardized tests                                
0–5 percent 126     # #   106 84   # #   # #
6–15 percent 504   96 19   83 17   182 36   55 11  
More than 15 percent 4,012   292 7   225 6   3,367 84   128 3   # #
                                 
Percent of students likely to attend college                                
0–35 percent 3,861   256 7   218 6   3,324 86     # #
36–60 percent 350   68 19   42 12   115 33    
More than 60 percent 431   85 20   48 11   216 50   82 19   # #
                                 
Percent of students who consider academic achievement important                                
0–25 percent 334   76 23   121 36   85 25     # #
26–50 percent 545   210 38   45 8   124 23   79 14  
51–75 percent 356       274 77     # #
More than 75 percent 3,407   99 3   108 3   3,172 93     # #
                                 
Percent male enrollment                                
0–44 percent 85   50 59     # #   # #   # #
45–55 percent 4,485   350 8   273 6   3,655 81   119 3  
More than 55 percent 73     # #   # #     # #
                                 
Student/teacher ratio2,3                                
Less than 12 81           # #
12–16 3,433   86 2     3,161 92    
More than 16 1,102   293 27   206 19   472 43   131 12   # #
                                 
Number of classroom changes2                                
0–3 changes 83           # #
4–6 changes 4,111   324 8   208 5   3,439 84   140 3   # #
More than 6 changes 409   58 14   90 22   159 39    
                                 
Use of paid law enforcement4                                
Regular use 4,643   408 9   308 7   3,655 79   183 4  
No regular use #   #   #   #   #   #
                                 
Number of serious discipline problems5                                
No problems 381   84 22   61 16   122 32    
1 problem 3,226   # #   98 3   3,100 96     # #
2 problems 292   47 16     94 32   117 40   # #
3 or more problems 743   278 37   115 15   339 46     # #
                                 
Transfers as percentage of enrollment2,6                                
0 to 6 percent 3,692   316 9   97 3   3,216 87     # #
6 to 11 percent 139       94 67   # #   # #
11 to 21 percent 320     63 20   157 49     # #
21 percent or more 380     128 34   177 47     # #
                                 
Prevalence of schoolwide disruptions2,7                                
No disruptions 3,794   96 3   143 4   3,393 89   162 4   # #
Any disruptions 370   74 20   83 22   192 52     # #
                                 
Percent of students absent without excuses                                
None   # #   # #   # #    
1–2 percent 179   39 22     74 41     # #
3–5 percent 627   251 40   81 13   260 42   35 6   # #
6–10 percent 3,340   98 3   99 3   3,143 94   # #   # #
More than 10 percent 380     118 31   177 47     # #
                                 
Prevalence of violent incidents2,8                                
No violent incidents       # #   # #   # #
Any violent incidents 4,617   375 8   294 6   3,644 79   183 4  
† Not applicable
# Rounds to zero.
‡ Reporting standards not met.
1 Specialized school was defined for respondents as, "a school that is specifically for students who were referred for disciplinary reasons. The school may also have students who were referred for other reasons. The school may be at the same location as your school."
2 Some schools are omitted from these categories because of missing data on their school characteristics. For this reason, the detailed results do not sum to the totals. See appendix J of 2000 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS) Detailed Data Documentation (NCES 2004-307) for further information.
3 Student/teacher ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time equivalent teachers. The total number of full-time equivalent teachers is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers, including special education teachers, with an adjustment to compensate for the part-time status.
4 Schools were included as regularly using paid law enforcement if they reported the use of paid law enforcement during any of the following times: at any time during school hours, while students were arriving or leaving, at selected school activities (e.g., athletic and social events, open houses, science fairs), or at any other time that the respondent specified.
5 Serious discipline problems is a count of discipline problems reported by principals. These discipline problems include student racial tensions, student bullying, student verbal abuse of teachers, widespread disorder in classrooms, and student acts of disrespect for teachers. If a principal reported that any of these problems occurred daily or weekly in their school, each was counted once in the total number of serious discipline problems. Undesirable gang activities and undesirable cult or extremist group activities were also counted once as a problem if the principal reported that these events occurred at all in their school.
6 Transfers as a percentage of enrollment combines the number of students who were transferred to a school and the number of students who were transferred from a school, divided by the total number of students enrolled in the school.
7 Schoolwide disruptions include actions that disrupted school activities such as bomb threats or anthrax threats. Respondents were instructed to exclude all fire alarms, including false alarms.
8 Violent incidents include rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with or without a weapon, threat of physical attack with or without a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. "At school/at your school" was defined for respondents as including activities happening in school buildings, on school grounds, on school buses, and at places that are holding school-sponsored events or activities. Respondents were instructed to, unless the survey specified otherwise, only respond for those times that were during normal school hours or when school activities/events were in session. "Firearm/explosive device" was defined for respondents as, "any weapon that is designed to (or may readily be converted to) expel a projectile by the action of an explosive. This includes guns, bombs, grenades, mines, rockets, missiles, pipe bombs, or similar devices designed to explode and capable of causing bodily harm or property damage." A gang was defined for respondents as, "an ongoing loosely organized association of three or more persons, whether formal or informal, that has a common name, signs, symbols or colors, whose members engage, either individually or collectively, in violent or other forms of illegal behavior." Secondary schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 9 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 12.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2000.


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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education