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Table 2.  Number and percentage of public secondary schools reporting violent and other incidents to police with the number of incidents reported, by selected school characteristics: 1999–2000


School characteristic Violent incidents1   Serious violent incidents2   Theft3   Other incidents4
Number of schools Percent of schools Number of incidents   Number of schools Percent of schools Number of incidents   Number of schools Percent of schools Number of incidents   Number of schools Percent of schools Number of incidents
All public secondary schools 8,445 71 116,407   3,322 28 12,672   7,543 64 58,471   10,145 86 137,137
                               
Enrollment size                              
Less than 300 775 40 4,519   193 10 472   994 51 2,550   1,195 61 4,645
300-499 1,095 58 6,520   464 25 1,382   993 53 4,658   1,480 79 8,171
500-999 2,304 72 20,928   650 20 1,308   1,918 60 10,089   2,732 86 22,955
1,000 or more4,270 88 84,439   2,015 42 9,510   3,638 75 41,174   4,737 98 101,366
                               
Urbanicity                              
City 1,956 83 41,932   955 40 6,035   1,515 64 17,847   2,106 89 45,681
Urban fringe 3,123 82 49,244   1,334 35 4,915   2,821 74 26,121   3,652 95 55,295
Town 1,314 73 10,280   456 25 825   1,074 60 6,520   1,490 83 14,481
Rural 2,052 53 14,950   577 15 898   2,134 55 7,983   2,897 75 21,679
                               
Crime level where students live5                              
High 434 93 9,512   260 56 1,957   233 50 2,228   445 96 9,082
Moderate 1,506 79 27,490   774 41 3,219   1,099 58 9,038   1,649 87 26,949
Low 5,292 67 54,818   1,736 22 4,239   5,125 64 37,484   6,655 84 73,745
Mixed 1,153 78 21,602   512 35 2,870   1,039 70 8,985   1,336 90 25,330
                               
Percent minority enrollment5                              
0-5 percent 2,184 59 15,587   633 17 1,341   2,272 62 11,285   2,992 81 24,256
6-20 percent 2,021 74 21,879   698 25 1,600   1,816 66 17,113   2,437 89 32,086
21-50 percent 1,925 75 30,405   879 34 2,584   1,706 67 13,954   2,241 88 33,834
More than 50 percent 2,146 81 46,105   1,091 41 7,087   1,621 61 15,790   2,305 87 45,960
                               
Percent of students eligible for free/reduced-price lunch                              
0-20 percent 3,568 74 44,142   1,208 25 4,010   3,432 71 28,996   4,439 92 57,584
21-50 percent 3,173 67 42,629   1,284 27 4,757   2,796 59 21,521   3,810 81 46,594
More than 50 percent 1,704 73 29,635   830 36 3,906   1,315 57 7,954   1,896 82 32,959
                               
Percent of students below 15th percentile on standardized tests                              
0-5 percent 2,190 63 22,461   692 20 1,376   2,078 60 15,443   2,808 81 31,206
6-15 percent 3,907 71 49,805   1,438 26 5,574   3,639 66 29,649   4,596 84 60,204
More than 15 percent 2,349 81 44,141   1,192 41 5,723   1,826 63 13,379   2,741 94 45,727
                               
Percent of students likely to attend college                              
0-35 percent 1,881 71 26,956   661 25 2,284   1,502 57 7,754   2,335 89 27,164
36-60 percent 2,746 74 43,538   1,224 33 5,235   2,289 62 16,748   3,150 85 45,580
More than 60 percent 3,818 69 45,913   1,437 26 5,153   3,753 68 33,970   4,659 85 64,392
                               
Percent of students who consider academic achievement important                              
0-25 percent 610 69 9,274   195 22 510   563 64 2,523   833 94 9,715
26-50 percent 1,873 75 19,911   798 32 2,688   1,390 55 9,068   2,165 86 26,533
51-75 percent 2,844 71 45,605   1,083 27 5,164   2,654 66 20,913   3,508 87 52,348
More than 75 percent 3,119 70 41,617   1,247 28 4,310   2,937 66 25,966   3,639 82 48,541
                               
Percent male enrollment                              
0-44 percent 716 64 9,716   250 23 539   567 51 3,906   947 85 10,121
45-55 percent 7,091 72 100,000   2,840 29 11,278   6,367 65 51,830   8,556 87 118,889
More than 55 percent 639 67 6,691   232 24 855   608 64 2,735   642 67 8,127
                               
Student/teacher ratio5,6                              
Less than 12 2,030 57 21,732   805 23 2,107   2,024 57 10,375   2,647 74 20,906
12-16 3,162 76 41,431   1,004 24 3,054   2,735 66 22,216   3,744 91 50,310
More than 16 2,773 80 45,626   1,244 36 6,063   2,413 70 24,255   3,129 91 59,808
                               
Number of classroom changes5                              
0-3 changes 357 74 3,720   164 34 345   360 74 2,313   446 92 6,733
4-6 changes 4,522 78 63,795   1,776 31 7,267   3,709 64 33,001   5,106 88 75,395
More than 6 changes 3,069 64 41,144   1,161 25 3,796   2,924 61 19,862   4,039 84 47,378
                               
Use of paid law enforcement7                              
Regular use 8,015 76 115,213   3,218 30 12,516   6,953 66 56,888   9,374 89 134,728
No regular use 430 33 1,194   104 8 157   591 46 1,583   771 60 2,409
                               
Number of serious discipline problems8                              
No problems 2,695 55 18,467   704 14 1,384   2,722 56 13,252   3,742 76 29,849
1 problem 2,008 77 25,020   862 33 3,367   1,712 65 13,364   2,385 91 34,384
2 problems 1,720 85 32,635   696 35 3,217   1,490 74 14,053   1,795 89 30,414
3 or more problems 2,022 87 40,285   1,060 45 4,704   1,619 69 17,802   2,223 95 42,489
                               
Transfers as percentage of enrollment5,9                              
0 to 6 percent 2,433 62 27,325   841 21 2,646   2,312 59 16,983   3,268 83 36,414
6 to 11 percent 1,792 67 21,626   685 26 2,945   1,591 60 12,596   2,182 82 27,098
11 to 21 percent 1,825 77 22,590   777 33 2,390   1,659 70 11,343   2,003 85 27,531
21 percent or more 1,914 82 37,365   790 34 3,479   1,535 66 13,445   2,166 93 38,237
                               
Prevalence of schoolwide disruptions5,10                              
No disruptions 5,613 68 64,992   1,987 24 5,850   5,120 62 34,075   6,862 83 82,422
Any disruptions 2,283 80 42,299   1,097 39 5,810   1,931 68 20,291   2,534 89 42,220
                               
Percent of students absent without excuses                              
None 560 53 3,792   163 15 550   501 47 4,349   781 74 4,889
1-2 percent 2,496 63 25,589   756 19 2,047   2,667 67 16,094   3,305 83 35,910
3-5 percent 2,711 76 32,101   1,042 29 2,781   2,188 62 18,604   3,106 88 42,858
6-10 percent 1,802 78 36,356   887 38 4,775   1,541 66 13,791   1,986 86 36,851
More than 10 percent 877 90 18,568   475 49 2,519   647 66 5,633   966 99 16,630
1 Violent incidents include rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with or without a weapon, threat of physical attack with or without a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
2 Serious violent incidents include rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with a weapon, threat of physical attack with a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
3 Theft/larceny (taking things over $10 without personal confrontation) was defined for respondents as, "the unlawful taking of another person's property without personal confrontation, threat, violence, or bodily harm. Included are pocket picking, stealing purse or backpack (if left unattended or no force was used to take it from owner), theft from a building, theft from a motor vehicle or motor vehicle parts or accessories, theft of bicycles, theft from vending machines, and all other types of thefts."
4 Other incidents include possession of a firearm or explosive device, possession of a knife or sharp object, distribution of illegal drugs, possession or use of alcohol or illegal drugs, sexual harassment, or vandalism.
5 Some schools are omitted from these categories because of missing data on their school characteristics. For this reason, the detailed results do not sum to the totals. See appendix J of 2000 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS) Detailed Data Documentation (NCES 2004-307) for further information.
6 Student/teacher ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time equivalent teachers. The total number of full-time equivalent teachers is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers, including special education teachers, with an adjustment to compensate for the part-time status.
7 Schools were included as regularly using paid law enforcement if they reported the use of paid law enforcement during any of the following times: at any time during school hours, while students were arriving or leaving, at selected school activities (e.g., athletic and social events, open houses, science fairs), or at any other time that the respondent specified.
8 Serious discipline problems is a count of discipline problems reported by principals. These discipline problems include student racial tensions, student bullying, student verbal abuse of teachers, widespread disorder in classrooms, and student acts of disrespect for teachers. If a principal reported that any of these problems occurred daily or weekly in their school, each was counted once in the total number of serious discipline problems. Undesirable gang activities and undesirable cult or extremist group activities were also counted once as a problem if the principal reported that these events occurred at all in their school.
9 Transfers as a percentage of enrollment combines the number of students who were transferred to a school and the number of students who were transferred from a school, divided by the total number of students enrolled in the school.
10 Schoolwide disruptions include actions that disrupted school activities such as bomb threats or anthrax threats. Respondents were instructed to exclude all fire alarms, including false alarms.
NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. "At school/at your school" was defined for respondents as including activities happening in school buildings, on school grounds, on school buses, and at places that are holding school-sponsored events or activities. Respondents were instructed to, unless the survey specified otherwise, only respond for those times that were during normal school hours or when school activities/events were in session. Secondary schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 9 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 12.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2000.


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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education