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Table 1.  Number and percentage of public secondary schools reporting violent and other incidents of crime with the number of incidents reported, by selected school characteristics: 1999–2000


School characteristic Total   Violent incidents1   Serious violent incidents2   Theft3   Other incidents4
  Number of schools Percent of schools Number of inci-
dents
  Number of schools Percent of schools Number of inci-
dents
  Number of schools Percent of schools Number of inci-
dents
  Number of schools Percent of schools Number of inci-
dents
All public secondary schools 11,858   10,760 92 259,541   3,410 29 15,033   9,398 79 100,261   10,890 93 201,082
                                   
Enrollment size                                  
Less than 300 1,960   1,543 79 11,407   193 10 472   1,368 70 5,054   1,412 72 10,058
300-499 1,880   1,641 87 19,103   484 26 1,661   1,281 68 9,407   1,720 91 13,740
500-999 3,182   2,955 94 50,279   705 22 1,586   2,552 81 16,628   3,010 96 35,126
1,000 ;or ;more4,836   4,621 97 178,752   2,027 42 11,314   4,196 87 69,172   4,748 99 142,160
                                   
Urbanicity                                  
City 2,359   2,173 93 81,363   980 42 7,373   1,842 78 28,730   2,204 95 67,589
Urban fringe 3,830   3,611 96 109,276   1,337 35 5,386   3,323 87 45,858   3,714 98 76,860
Town 1,801   1,708 96 28,783   503 28 1,073   1,376 77 9,507   1,674 94 23,495
Rural 3,867   3,269 85 40,119   590 15 1,200   2,856 74 16,166   3,298 85 33,139
                                   
Crime level where students live5                                  
High 466   466 100 16,151   260 56 2,143   291 62 3,093   445 96 12,648
Moderate 1,895   1,764 94 63,712   766 41 3,812   1,437 76 17,696   1,711 92 36,774
Low 7,954   7,105 90 136,460   1,831 23 5,061   6,293 79 61,069   7,254 92 110,201
Mixed 1,483   1,365 93 39,973   512 35 3,675   1,330 90 17,436   1,440 99 40,083
                                   
Percent minority enrollment5                                  
0-5 percent 3,684   3,204 88 50,095   681 19 1,649   2,915 79 22,269   3,236 89 40,423
6-20 percent 2,740   2,584 95 53,814   700 26 1,815   2,334 85 25,302   2,591 95 49,585
21-50 percent 2,550   2,349 94 62,507   890 35 3,641   1,998 79 23,500   2,399 95 48,071
More than 50 percent 2,641   2,416 92 89,695   1,118 42 7,868   1,954 74 28,633   2,455 94 61,234
                                   
Percent of students eligible for free/reduced-price lunch                                  
0-20 percent 4,836   4,432 93 97,940   1,289 27 5,228   4,180 87 47,387   4,654 97 85,285
21-50 percent 4,702   4,247 92 103,451   1,291 28 5,596   3,599 77 39,044   4,292 92 74,468
More than 50 percent 2,321   2,082 90 58,149   830 36 4,210   1,620 70 13,830   1,944 85 41,329
                                   
Percent of students below 15th percentile on standardized tests                                  
0-5 percent 3,466   3,110 90 57,271   739 21 1,516   2,719 78 28,670   3,128 90 47,557
6-15 percent 5,479   4,857 90 110,218   1,449 27 6,914   4,429 81 46,648   4,924 91 88,651
More than 15 percent 2,913   2,793 97 92,052   1,223 42 6,602   2,250 77 24,943   2,838 98 64,875
                                   
Percent of students likely to attend college                                  
0-35 percent 2,637   2,429 92 55,740   679 26 2,854   1,917 73 14,336   2,559 98 40,257
36-60 percent 3,720   3,343 90 92,399   1,284 35 6,483   2,869 77 29,639   3,266 88 68,000
More than 60 percent 5,501   4,988 92 111,402   1,447 27 5,696   4,612 84 56,287   5,065 93 92,826
                                   
Percent of students who consider academic achievement important                                  
0-25 percent 886   847 96 19,774   195 22 629   665 75 5,516   878 100 13,923
26-50 percent 2,508   2,292 92 50,677   845 34 3,504   1,796 72 17,689   2,366 94 40,948
51-75 percent 4,018   3,632 91 98,709   1,090 27 6,084   3,281 82 37,016   3,685 93 76,374
More than 75 percent 4,446   3,990 91 90,381   1,280 29 4,815   3,656 82 40,040   3,963 90 69,837
                                   
Percent male enrollment                                  
0-44 percent 1,110   931 85 17,907   299 27 752   714 64 5,514   1,012 91 12,822
45-55 percent 9,793   9,010 93 222,856   2,879 30 13,201   7,915 81 88,550   9,105 94 174,287
More than 55 percent 956   820 87 18,777   232 24 1,080   769 80 6,197   773 81 13,973
                                   
Student/teacher ratio5,6                                  
Less than 12 3,564   3,096 87 48,175   821 23 2,410   2,601 73 20,108   2,970 83 36,081
12-16 4,135   3,794 93 87,074   1,080 26 3,684   3,251 79 35,419   3,943 96 71,661
More than 16 3,446   3,242 96 110,912   1,254 37 7,366   3,013 87 40,710   3,388 99 85,401
                                   
Number of classroom changes5                                  
0-3 changes 485   431 91 8,537   152 32 295   396 82 2,764   466 96 8,913
4-6 changes 5,788   5,385 94 138,549   1,807 31 9,147   4,691 81 54,039   5,511 96 114,990
More than 6 changes 4,781   4,233 89 97,165   1,229 26 4,183   3,637 76 38,591   4,344 92 66,777
                                   
Use of paid law enforcement7                                  
Regular use 10,573   9,830 94 252,822   3,306 31 14,853   8,520 81 95,680   9,895 95 195,543
No regular use 1,286   930 72 6,719   104 8 180   878 68 4,581   995 77 5,539
                                   
Number of serious discipline problems8                                  
No problems 4,893   4,157 85 52,735   742 15 1,716   3,637 74 25,746   4,089 84 46,318
1 problem 2,618   2,433 94 54,334   880 34 4,017   2,078 79 21,876   2,560 98 50,607
2 problems 2,014   1,963 99 58,492   708 35 3,487   1,739 86 19,771   1,971 99 42,277
3 or more problems 2,334   2,207 96 93,980   1,079 46 5,813   1,944 84 32,869   2,270 99 61,881
                                   
Transfers as percentage of enrollment5,9                                  
0 to 6 percent 3,928   3,303 84 59,278   899 23 3,393   3,022 77 29,929   3,502 89 53,002
6 to 11 percent 2,674   2,479 94 45,841   719 27 3,274   2,062 78 21,553   2,401 91 37,332
11 to 21 percent 2,358   2,210 95 61,288   795 34 2,997   1,901 81 20,384   2,224 95 42,426
21 percent or more 2,322   2,235 98 77,800   767 34 3,977   1,906 82 23,602   2,239 98 57,215
                                   
Prevalence of schoolwide disruptions5,10                                  
No disruptions 8,238   7,492 92 161,257   2,054 25 6,808   6,563 80 63,218   7,473 92 121,396
Any disruptions 2,838   2,525 90 80,485   1,103 39 6,843   2,254 80 30,856   2,636 94 62,022
                                   
Percent of students absent without excuses                                  
None 1,055   862 82 10,972   195 19 726   732 69 7,764   877 83 9,261
1-2 percent 3,965   3,502 89 63,915   784 20 2,603   3,263 83 28,482   3,633 92 52,368
3-5 percent 3,544   3,299 94 72,520   1,052 30 3,182   2,811 79 31,465   3,324 94 63,640
6-10 percent 2,317   2,137 94 74,752   904 39 5,877   1,916 83 25,507   2,089 92 51,832
More than 10 percent 978   960 100 37,383   475 49 2,646   686 70 7,044   966 100 23,981
1 Violent incidents include rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with or without a weapon, threat of physical attack with or without a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
2 Serious violent incidents include rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with a weapon, threat of physical attack with a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
3 Theft/larceny (taking things over $10 without personal confrontation) was defined for respondents as, "the unlawful taking of another person's property without personal confrontation, threat, violence, or bodily harm. Included are pocket picking, stealing purse or backpack (if left unattended or no force was used to take it from owner), theft from a building, theft from a motor vehicle or motor vehicle parts or accessories, theft of bicycles, theft from vending machines, and all other types of thefts."
4 Other incidents include possession of a firearm or explosive device, possession of a knife or sharp object, distribution of illegal drugs, possession or use of alcohol or illegal drugs, sexual harassment, or vandalism.
5 Some schools are omitted from these categories because of missing data on their school characteristics. For this reason, the detailed results do not sum to the totals. See appendix J of 2000 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS) Detailed Data Documentation (NCES 2004-307) for further information.
6 Student/teacher ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time equivalent teachers. The total number of full-time equivalent teachers is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers, including special education teachers, with an adjustment to compensate for the part-time status.
7 Schools were included as regularly using paid law enforcement if they reported the use of paid law enforcement during any of the following times: at any time during school hours, while students were arriving or leaving, at selected school activities (e.g., athletic and social events, open houses, science fairs), or at any other time that the respondent specified.
8 Serious discipline problems is a count of discipline problems reported by principals. These discipline problems include student racial tensions, student bullying, student verbal abuse of teachers, widespread disorder in classrooms, and student acts of disrespect for teachers. If a principal reported that any of these problems occurred daily or weekly in their school, each was counted once in the total number of serious discipline problems. Undesirable gang activities and undesirable cult or extremist group activities were also counted once as a problem if the principal reported that these events occurred at all in their school.
9 Transfers as a percentage of enrollment combines the number of students who were transferred to a school and the number of students who were transferred from a school, divided by the total number of students enrolled in the school.
10 Schoolwide disruptions include actions that disrupted school activities such as bomb threats or anthrax threats. Respondents were instructed to exclude all fire alarms, including false alarms.
NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. "At school/at your school" was defined for respondents as including activities happening in school buildings, on school grounds, on school buses, and at places that are holding school-sponsored events or activities. Respondents were instructed to, unless the survey specified otherwise, only respond for those times that were during normal school hours or when school activities/events were in session. Secondary schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 9 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 12.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2000.


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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education