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Table 28.  Percentage of public middle schools that had specified practices to monitor school climate, by selected school characteristics: School year 2005–06
 
School characteristic  Require students to wear uniforms   Enforce a strict dress code   Require faculty and staff to wear badges or picture IDs   Provide telephones in most classrooms   Provide two-way radios to any staff   Prohibit all tobacco use on school grounds
All public schools  14   73   52   67   71   93
                       
Enrollment size                       
Less than 300  13   70   29   54   51   95
300–499  7   63   48   61   69   94
500–999  15   76   60   71   80   93
1,000 or more  21   80   60   79   73   90
                       
Urbanicity                       
City  30   79   54   70   76   92
Urban fringe  9   72   61   73   74   92
Town  13   72   48   60   72   98
Rural  7   70   40   60   63   92
                       
Crime level where students live1                       
High  43   78   51   62   76   92
Moderate  24   83   52   70   74   94
Low  6   68   51   65   68   94
Mixed  16   75   56   73   76   90
                       
Percent minority enrollment2                       
Less than 5 percent    60   40   65   66   92
5 to less than 20 percent  2 ! 62   56   74   69   93
20 to less than 50 percent  10   78   59   64   75   92
50 percent or more  35   84   50   66   72   94
                       
Percent of students
eligible for free or
reduced-price lunch 
                     
0–20 percent  3 ! 67   58   81   76   93
21–50 percent  5   69   50   66   69   92
More than 50 percent  29   80   50   60   70   94
                       
Percent of students below 15th
percentile on standardized tests 
                     
0–5 percent  9   66   53   68   72   93
6–15 percent  11   75   50   68   69   93
More than 15 percent  23   79   54   64   74   93
                       
Percent of students likely
to attend college 
                     
0–35 percent  20   78   50   61   67   93
36–60 percent  17   76   52   68   70   93
More than 60 percent  8   68   54   71   75   93
                       
Percent of students who consider
academic achievement important 
                     
0–25 percent  29   79   50   49   60   93
26–50 percent  15   75   45   66   71   92
51–75 percent  13   73   54   67   71   94
More than 75 percent  10   70   57   73   74   93
                       
Percent male enrollment                       
0–44 percent  26 ! 78   52   52   65   95
45–55 percent  13   74   53   68   72   93
More than 55 percent  19   62   43   69   62   92
                       
Student-to-FTE ratio3                       
Less than 12 students  11   65   52   64   68   93
12–16 students  16   79   56   67   75   93
More than 16 students  19   83   44   79   72   92
                       
Number of classroom changes4                       
0–3 changes  22 ! 61   55   53   67   88
4–6 changes  17   77   57   69   73   94
More than 6 changes  12   71   49   67   70   93
                       
Regular use of law enforcement5                       
Regular use  17   78   56   72   74   92
No regular use  8   65   45   59   66   94
                       
Number of serious
discipline problems6 
                     
No problems  13   72   49   64   70   95
1 problem  12   71   55   76   67   92
2 problems  19   80   50   67   80   90
3 or more problems  15   75   57   63   74   91
                       
Transfers as a percentage
of enrollment7 
                     
Less than 6 percent  8   65   53   70   68   92
6 to less than 11 percent  10   77   45   74   71   92
11 to less than 21 percent  16   76   50   65   73   94
21 percent or more  18   73   59   63   72   93
                       
Prevalence of schoolwide
disruptions8 
                     
No disruptions  14   73   51   67   70   93
Any disruptions  18   77   68   73   85   91
                       
Percent of students
absent on a daily basis 
                     
0–2 percent    67   55   67   68   97
3–5 percent  11   72   52   69   69   93
6–10 percent  16   74   51   65   75   93
More than 10 percent  43   81   55   62   73   86
                       
Prevalence of violent incidents9                       
No violent incidents  11 ! 58   48   63   70   87
Any violent incidents  14   74   52   67   71   93
! Interpret data with caution. The standard error for this estimate is from 30 percent to 50 percent of the estimate’s value.
‡ Reporting standards not met. The standard error for this estimate is equal to 50 percent or more of the estimate's value.
1 Respondents were asked, "How would you describe the crime level in the area(s) in which your students live?" Response options included "high level of crime," "moderate level of crime," "low level of crime," and "students come from areas with very different levels of crime."
2 Responding schools that did not have race/ethnicity on the sampling frame (2 percent of schools) are excluded from the base.
3 Student-to-FTE ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides. The total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers and aides, including special education teachers and aides, with an adjustment to compensate for the part-time status.
4 Respondents were asked, "How many classroom changes do most students make in a typical day?" Responses exclude morning arrival and afternoon departure.
5 Respondents were asked, "During the 2005–2006 school year, did you have any sworn law enforcement officers, security guards, or security personnel present at your school at least once a week?"
6 Serious discipline problems include student racial tensions, student bullying, student sexual harassment of other students, student verbal abuse of teachers, widespread disorder in classrooms, student acts of disrespect for teachers, gang activities, and cult or extremist group activities. If a respondent reported that any of these problems occurred daily or weekly in their school, each was counted once in the total number of serious discipline problems.
7 Transfers as a percentage of enrollment combines the number of students who were transferred to a school and the number of students who were transferred from a school divided by the total number of students enrolled in the school.
8 Schoolwide disruptions include actions that disrupted school activities such as death threats, bomb threats, and chemical, biological, or radiological threats. Respondents were instructed to exclude all fire alarms, including false alarms.
9 Violent incidents include rape or attempted rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with or without a weapon, threat of physical attack with or without a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
NOTE: Responses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about crime and safety issues at the school. Detail may not sum to totals, because schools may have reported using more than one of these practices. Middle schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 4 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 9.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), 2005–06 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2006.


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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education