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Table 21.  Percentage distribution of public middle schools reporting selected percentages of students with a parent or guardian who attended special subject-area events or volunteered at school or served on a committee, by selected school characteristics: School year 2005–06
  Percent of students with a parent or guardian who attended special subject-area events1     Percent of students with a parent or guardian who volunteered at school or served on a committee  
School characteristic  0–25 percent   26–50 percent   51–75 percent   76–100 percent   School does not offer     0–25 percent   26–50 percent   51–75 percent   76–100 percent   School does not offer  
All public schools  14   24   36   23   2     65   23   9   2   1 !
                                           
Enrollment size                                           
Less than 300  14   19   35   30       59   26   11      
300–499  10   24   36   27   4 !   66   20   8   4 !  
500–999  14   26   38   22       65   24   9   2 !  
1,000 or more  21   28   31   18       71   20   7   2 !  
                                           
Urbanicity                                           
City  21   28   33   16       71   17   10   2 ! #  
Urban fringe  13   25   33   25   2 !   63   25   9   2    
Town  8 ! 23   44   24       61   26   8 ! 4 !  
Rural  13   21   37   27       64   25   8      
                                           
Crime level where
    students live2
                                         
High  31   35   27         85   11 !   #   #  
Moderate  20   30   32   13   4 !   81   13   4 !    
Low  10   20   39   30   2 !   55   29   11   3 ! 2 !
Mixed  15   29   34   21       69   21   9     #  
                                           
Percent minority
    enrollment3 
                                         
Less than 5 percent  10 ! 20   35   35       59   27   10      
5 to less than 20 percent  7   19   40   33       56   30   10   4 !  
20 to less than 50 percent  11   26   39   23       60   28   10   2 ! #  
50 percent or more  25   30   30   11   5 !   79   12   6      
                                           
Percent of students
    eligible for free
    or reduced-price
    lunch
                                         
0–20 percent  5 ! 13   42   39       46   35   15   4 !  
21–50 percent  11   24   39   24   2 !   66   24   8   2 !  
More than 50 percent  23   32   28   14   3 !   76   15   6   1 ! 1 !
                                           
Percent of students
    below 15th per-
    centile on stan-
    dardized tests
                                         
0–5 percent  8   19   42   29       55   29   13   3 !  
6–15 percent  13   24   37   24   2 !   64   23   10   3 !  
More than 15 percent  22   31   27   16   3 !   77   18   3      
                                         
Percent of students
    likely to attend
    college
                                         
0–35 percent  21   32   30   12   4 !   80   14   4 !    
36–60 percent  16   28   34   19   2 !   71   21   6      
More than 60 percent  8   16   41   35       49   31   14   4    
                                           
Percent of students
    who consider
    academic achieve-
    ment important
                                         
0–25 percent  28   31   22   12 ! 6 !   86   8 !   #    
26–50 percent  21   31   33   15       75   18   5      
51–75 percent  14   27   37   19   3 !   71   21   5      
More than 75 percent  7   16   40   36   1 !   47   32   16   4    
                                           
Percent male enrollment                                           
0–44 percent  18 ! 32   28   18 !     65   22   10 !    
45–55 percent  15   24   36   24   2     66   23   8   2   1 !
More than 55 percent  7 ! 28   39   20       56   22   18      
                                           
Student-to-FTE ratio4                                           
Less than 12 students  15   23   36   24   2 !   63   23   10   3 !  
12–16 students  12   27   36   22   2 !   65   24   8   2 !  
More than 16 students  16   22   35   23       73   22   5 !   #  
                                           
Number of class-
    room changes5
                                         
0–3 changes  ‡    17 ! 25 ! 20 ! 21 !   64     21 !    
4–6 changes  13   31   35   19   2 !   69   20   9   2 !  
More than 6 changes  15   21   37   26       62   26   8   2 !  
                                           
Regular use of law
    enforcement6
                                         
Regular use  17   27   34   19   2     70   21   7   2    
No regular use  9   19   38   32       57   27   12     2 !
                                           
Number of serious
    discipline pro-
    blems7
                                         
No problems  9   23   37   29   2 !   56   26   13   4 !  
1 problem  14   24   35   24   2 !   66   24   8   2 !  
2 problems  20   23   38   14   6 !   74   22       #  
3 or more problems  25   29   32   13       81   14   4 ! #    
                                           
Transfers as a per-
    centage of enroll-
    ment8
                                         
Less than 6 percent  13   17   37   33       55   26   14   4 !  
6 to less than 11 percent  8   24   35   29       59   27   10      
11 to less than 21 percent  13   23   41   20   2 !   64   25   10      
21 percent or more  20   31   30   17       76   16   4 ! 2 !  
                                         
Prevalence of school-
    wide disruptions9
                                         
No disruptions  13   24   36   24   2     64   23   9   2   1 !
Any disruptions  23   24   33   17       72   22   6 ! #   #  
                                           
Percent of students
    absent on a
    daily basis
                                         
0–2 percent    12 ! 33   46       53   31   10 !    
3–5 percent  10   23   39   26   1 !   59   26   11   3   1 !
6–10 percent  20   28   31   18   3 !   74   18   6      
More than 10 percent  25   26   34   13 !     81   15 !   #    
                                           
Prevalence of violent incidents10                                           
No violent incidents    17 ! 35   36       41   31   18 ! 8 !  
Any violent incidents  15   25   36   23   2     66   23   8   2   1 !
# Rounds to zero.
! Interpret data with caution. The standard error for this estimate is from 30 percent to 50 percent of the estimate’s value.
‡ Reporting standards not met. The standard error for this estimate is equal to 50 percent or more of the estimate's value.
1 Examples of special subject-area events provided to respondents were science fairs or concerts.
2 Respondents were asked, "How would you describe the crime level in the area(s) in which your students live?" Response options included "high level of crime," "moderate level of crime," "low level of crime," and "students come from areas with very different levels of crime."
3 Responding schools that did not have race/ethnicity on the sampling frame (2 percent of schools) are excluded from the base.
4 Student-to-FTE ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides. The total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers and aides, including special education teachers and aides, with an adjustment to compensate for the part-time status.
5 Respondents were asked, "How many classroom changes do most students make in a typical day?" Responses exclude morning arrival and afternoon departure.
6 Respondents were asked, "During the 2005–2006 school year, did you have any sworn law enforcement officers, security guards, or security personnel present at your school at least once a week?"
7 Serious discipline problems include student racial tensions, student bullying, student sexual harassment of other students, student verbal abuse of teachers, widespread disorder in classrooms, student acts of disrespect for teachers, gang activities, and cult or extremist group activities. If a respondent reported that any of these problems occurred daily or weekly in their school, each was counted once in the total number of serious discipline problems.
8 Transfers as a percentage of enrollment combines the number of students who were transferred to a school and the number of students who were transferred from a school divided by the total number of students enrolled in the school.
9 Schoolwide disruptions include actions that disrupted school activities such as death threats, bomb threats, and chemical, biological, or radiological threats. Respondents were instructed to exclude all fire alarms, including false alarms.
10 Violent incidents include rape or attempted rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with or without a weapon, threat of physical attack with or without a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
NOTE: "At school" was defined for respondents to include activities that happen in school buildings, on school grounds, on school buses, and at places that hold school-sponsored events or activities. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Responses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about crime and safety issues at the school. Middle schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 4 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 9.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), 2005–06 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2006.


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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education