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Table 18.  Number and percentage distribution of students in public middle schools involved in physical attacks or fights at school receiving various disciplinary actions, by selected school characteristics: School year 2005–06

  Disciplinary actions taken for students involved in physical attacks or fights at school   
  Removals with no continuing services for at least the remainder of the school year   Transfers to specialized schools1   Out-of-school suspensions lasting 5 or more days but less than the remainder of the school year   Other disciplinary action2
School characteristic  Number   Percent     Number   Percent     Number   Percent     Number   Percent  
All public schools  4,230   1     16,090   4     98,850   25     271,730   70  
                                       
Enrollment size                                       
Less than 300        1,230 ! 4 !         21,560   70  
300–499        2,150 ! 4 !   16,820 ! 30 !   36,930   65  
500–999  2,570 ! 1 !   8,690   4     47,730   24     142,690   71  
1,000 or more  500 ! #     4,020   4     26,450   26     70,550   69  
                                       
Urbanicity                                       
City  960 ! 1 !   6,070   4     46,160   33     88,040   62  
Urban fringe  2,680 ! 2 !   5,500   4     32,360   21     111,300   73  
Town        1,480   4     8,270   20     31,870   76  
Rural        3,030   5     12,060   22     40,520   72  
                                       
Crime level where students live3                                       
High  720 ! 1 !   2,490   4     28,310   46     29,510   48  
Moderate  1,970 ! 2 !   4,390   4     33,100   28     78,090   66  
Low        5,570   4     24,710   19     97,220   76  
Mixed  790 ! 1 !   3,640   4     12,740   15     66,910   80  
                                       
Percent minority enrollment4                                       
Less than 5 percent  250 ! 1 !   860 ! 3     4,480   15     24,640   82  
5 to less than 20 percent        1,470 ! 2 !   10,680   16     54,120   80  
20 to less than 50 percent        3,690   4     16,060   16     77,020   79  
50 percent or more  1,800 ! 1 !   9,190   5     62,770   35     107,550   59  
                                       
Percent of students
eligible for free or
reduced-price lunch 
                                     
0–20 percent        1,270   3     7,360   17     33,230   79  
21–50 percent        5,520   4     21,820   15     117,630   80  
More than 50 percent  2,620 ! 1 !   9,300   5     69,670   34     120,870   60  
                                       
Percent of students below 15th
percentile on standardized tests 
                                     
0–5 percent  560 ! 1 !   3,380   4     16,650   20     61,030   75  
6–15 percent  1,270 ! 1 !   6,450   4     29,020   19     118,750   76  
More than 15 percent  2,410 ! 2 !   6,260   4     53,180   35     91,960   60  
                                       
Percent of students likely
to attend college 
                                     
0–35 percent  2,360 ! 2 !   6,110   4     42,420   31     87,810   63  
36–60 percent  1,230 ! 1 !   6,860   5     38,710   26     102,960   69  
More than 60 percent  650 ! 1 !   3,120   3     17,710   17     80,950   79  
                                       
Percent of students who consider
academic achievement important 
                                     
0–25 percent        3,490   6     25,670 ! 43     30,240   51  
26–50 percent        5,030   5     24,290   24     71,590   70  
51–75 percent  1,380 ! 1 !   4,480   3     28,710   22     95,430   73  
More than 75 percent        3,080   3     20,180   20     74,460   75  
                                       
Percent male enrollment                                       
0–44 percent        1,560 ! 6 !     42 !   14,050   52 !
45–55 percent  3,360 ! 1 !   13,850   4     81,790   25     232,610   70  
More than 55 percent        690 ! 2 !   5,870 ! 18 !   25,070   77  
                                       
Student-to-FTE ratio5                                       
Less than 12 students  2,660 ! 2 !   6,420   4     41,180   28     95,530   66  
12–16 students  1,320   1 !   7,080   4     38,610   23     124,400   73  
More than 16 students  250 ! #     2,590   4     19,060   26     51,800   70  
                                       
Number of classroom changes6                                       
0–3 changes                    11,650 ! 86  
4–6 changes  1,830 ! 1 !   8,110   5     36,560   22     116,370   71  
More than 6 changes  2,300 ! 1 !   7,920   4     60,570   28     143,710   67  
                                       
Regular use of law enforcement7                                       
Regular use  3,560   1 !   13,080   4     82,890   27     208,850   68  
No regular use  680 ! 1 !   3,010   4     15,970   19     62,880   76  
                                       
Number of serious discipline problems8                                       
No problems  1,140 ! 1 !   4,710   4     30,000   25     85,480   70  
1 problem        3,420   4     17,060   22     54,550   71  
2 problems        2,460   4     11,050   17     51,340   78  
3 or more problems  730 ! 1 !   5,500   4     40,740   32     80,370   63  
                                       
Transfers as a percentage
of enrollment9 
                                     
Less than 6 percent        450 ! 1 !   14,510 ! 35 !   26,430   63  
6 to less than 11 percent        1,870   4     8,470   20     31,160   73  
11 to less than 21 percent  750 ! 1 !   4,220   4     27,750   26     75,140   70  
21 percent or more  2,170 ! 1 !   9,550   5     48,120   24     139,000   70  
                                       
Prevalence of schoolwide
disruptions10 
                                     
No disruptions  3,380 ! 1 !   13,460   4     82,150   24     238,620   71  
Any disruptions        2,620   5     16,700   31     33,110   62  
                                       
Percent of students
absent on a daily basis 
                                     
0–2 percent        430 ! 4 !   2,370 ! 20     8,970   75  
3–5 percent  1,820 ! 1 !   7,570   4     30,840   17     137,570   77  
6–10 percent  2,210 ! 1 !   6,560   4     47,290   30     103,100   65  
More than 10 percent          4 !   18,350 ! 44     22,090   53  
# Rounds to zero.
! Interpret data with caution. The standard error for this estimate is from 30 percent to 50 percent of the estimate’s value.
‡ Reporting standards not met. The standard error for this estimate is equal to 50 percent or more of the estimate's value.
1 Specialized school was defined for respondents as "a school that is specifically for students who were referred for disciplinary reasons, although the school may also have students who were referred for other reasons. The school may be at the same location as your school."
2 Other disciplinary actions include suspension less than 5 days, detention, etc.
3 Respondents were asked, "How would you describe the crime level in the area(s) in which your students live?" Response options included "high level of crime," "moderate level of crime," "low level of crime," and "students come from areas with very different levels of crime."
4 Responding schools that did not have race/ethnicity on the sampling frame (2 percent of schools) are excluded from the base.
5 Student-to-FTE ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides. The total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers and aides, including special education teachers and aides, with an adjustment to compensate for the part-time status.
6 Respondents were asked, "How many classroom changes do most students make in a typical day?" Responses exclude morning arrival and afternoon departure.
7 Respondents were asked, "During the 2005–2006 school year, did you have any sworn law enforcement officers, security guards, or security personnel present at your school at least once a week?"
8 Serious discipline problems include student racial tensions, student bullying, student sexual harassment of other students, student verbal abuse of teachers, widespread disorder in classrooms, student acts of disrespect for teachers, gang activities, and cult or extremist group activities. If a respondent reported that any of these problems occurred daily or weekly in their school, each was counted once in the total number of serious discipline problems.
9 Transfers as a percentage of enrollment combines the number of students who were transferred to a school and the number of students who were transferred from a school divided by the total number< of students enrolled in the school.
10 Schoolwide disruptions include actions that disrupted school activities such as death threats, bomb threats, and chemical, biological, or radiological threats. Respondents were instructed to exclude all fire alarms, including false alarms.
NOTE: "At school" was defined for respondents to include activities that happen in school buildings, on school grounds, on school buses, and at places that hold school-sponsored events or activities. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. The number of incidents, students, or disciplinary actions reported for a specified offense will not always be equal. This may be because a single incident could involve multiple victims or because no disciplinary action is taken for an incident. Responses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about crime and safety issues at the school. Middle schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 4 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 9.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), 2005–06 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2006.


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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education