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Table 15.  Number and percentage distribution of students in public middle schools involved in the use or possession of a firearm or explosive device at school receiving various disciplinary actions, by selected school characteristics: School year 2005–06

  Disciplinary actions taken for students involved in the use or
possession of a firearm or explosive device1 at school
  Removals with no continuing services for at least the remainder of the school year  Transfers to specialized schools2  Out-of-school suspen-
sions lasting 5 or more days
but less than the remain-
der of the school year
 Other disciplinary action3
School characteristic Number   Percent   Number   Percent  Number   Percent   Number   Percent  
All public schools  240 !   910 !   1,370       86  
                                 
Enrollment size                                 
Less than 300  #   #         2     97  
300–499    31 !       59   #   #  
500–999  120 !   630 !   860        
1,000 or more      160 ! 27 ! 250 ! 41 !   21 !
                                 
Urbanicity                                 
City  70 !   250 ! 28 !   44 ! 180 ! 20 !
Urban fringe  110 !       760       92  
Town            53      
Rural                 
                                 
Crime level where students live4                                 
High            52 !    
Moderate          390 !      
Low          510 !     92  
Mixed      100 !     28 !   42 !
                                 
Percent minority enrollment5                                 
Less than 5 percent  #   #         2     97  
5 to less than 20 percent          180 ! 48      
20 to less than 50 percent  60 !   120 ! 28 !   43 !    
50 percent or more  140 !   640 !   820        
                                 
Percent of students
eligible for free or
reduced-price lunch 
                               
0–20 percent      60 ! 30 !   47 !    
21–50 percent  90 !       580 !     93  
More than 50 percent  140 ! 9 ! 330 ! 22 ! 700 ! 47     21 !
                                 
Percent of students below 15th
percentile on standardized tests 
                               
0–5 percent  80 !       420 !     94  
6–15 percent      170 ! 26 ! 230 ! 36   160 ! 24 !
More than 15 percent  80 ! 5 ! 270 ! 18 ! 720 ! 47   440 ! 29 !
                                 
Percent of students likely
to attend college 
                               
0–35 percent  60 !       450 !     94  
36–60 percent  140 !   250 !   540 !      
More than 60 percent      240 ! 30   380 ! 48   120 !  
                                 
Percent of students who consider
academic achievement important 
                               
0–25 percent                50 !
26–50 percent          250 !     91  
51–75 percent      200 ! 18 ! 540 ! 50   280 ! 26 !
More than 75 percent  80 !   210 !   510 !      
                                 
Percent male enrollment                                 
0–44 percent  #   #              
45–55 percent  200 !   870 !   1,170       79  
More than 55 percent                 
                                 
Student-to-FTE ratio6                                 
Less than 12 students  100 !   370     760 !      
12–16 students  90 !       440 !     88  
More than 16 students          170 ! 48      
                                 
Number of classroom changes7                                 
0–3 changes      #   #          
4–6 changes      240 ! 17 ! 640   45   410 ! 29  
More than 6 changes  70 !   670 !   710 !     91  
                                 
Regular use of law enforcement8                                 
Regular use  180 ! 8 ! 490   22   1,000   45   540 ! 24  
No regular use          380 ! 2 !   95  
                                 
Number of serious
discipline problems9 
                               
No problems        4   230 !     86 !
1 problem          320 !      
2 problems      190 !   380 !      
3 or more problems  130 ! 14 ! 260   28 ! 440 ! 46      
                                 
Transfers as a percentage
of enrollment10 
                               
Less than 6 percent  #   #             96  
6 to less than 11 percent    47 !            
11 to less than 21 percent          670        
21 percent or more  90 !   220 ! 19 ! 440 ! 38 ! 420 ! 36 !
                                 
Prevalence of schoolwide
disruptions11 
                               
No disruptions  190 !   820 !   980       89  
Any disruptions            59 !    
                                 
Percent of students
absent on a daily basis 
                               
0–2 percent  #   #              
3–5 percent  90 !   360 !   670       90  
6–10 percent  160 !       450        
More than 10 percent  #   #         33 !   33 !
                                 
Prevalence of violent incidents12                                 
No violent incidents  #     #     #     #    
Any violent incidents  240 !   910 !   1,370       86  
# Rounds to zero.
! Interpret data with caution. The standard error for this estimate is from 30 percent to 50 percent of the estimate’s value.
‡ Reporting standards not met. The standard error for this estimate is equal to 50 percent or more of the estimate's value.
1 Firearm or explosive device was defined for respondents as "any weapon that is designed to (or may readily be converted to) expel a projectile by the action of an explosive. This includes guns, bombs, grenades, mines, rockets, missiles, pipe bombs, or similar devices designed to explode and capable of causing bodily harm or property damage."
2Specialized school was defined for respondents as "a school that is specifically for students who were referred for disciplinary reasons, although the school may also have students who were referred for other reasons. The school may be at the same location as your school."
3 Other disciplinary actions include suspension less than 5 days, detention, etc.
4 Respondents were asked, "How would you describe the crime level in the area(s) in which your students live?" Response options included "high level of crime," "moderate level of crime," "low level of crime," and "students come from areas with very different levels of crime."
5 Responding schools that did not have race/ethnicity on the sampling frame (2 percent of schools) are excluded from the base.
6 Student-to-FTE ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides. The total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers and aides, including special education teachers and aides, with an adjustment to compensate for the part-time status.
7 Respondents were asked, "How many classroom changes do most students make in a typical day?" Responses exclude morning arrival and afternoon departure.
8 Respondents were asked, "During the 2005–2006 school year, did you have any sworn law enforcement officers, security guards, or security personnel present at your school at least once a week?"
9 Serious discipline problems include student racial tensions, student bullying, student sexual harassment of other students, student verbal abuse of teachers, widespread disorder in classrooms, student acts of disrespect for teachers, gang activities, and cult or extremist group activities. If a respondent reported that any of these problems occurred daily or weekly in their school, each was counted once in the total number of serious discipline problems.
10Transfers as a percentage of enrollment combines the number of students who were transferred to a school and the number of students who were transferred from a school divided by the total number of students enrolled in the school.
11 Schoolwide disruptions include actions that disrupted school activities such as death threats, bomb threats, and chemical, biological, or radiological threats. Respondents were instructed to exclude all fire alarms, including false alarms.
12 Violent incidents include rape or attempted rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with or without a weapon, threat of physical attack with or without a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
NOTE: "At school" was defined for respondents to include activities that happen in school buildings, on school grounds, on school buses, and at places that hold school-sponsored events or activities. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. The number of incidents, students, or disciplinary actions reported for a specified offense will not always be equal. This may be because a single incident could involve multiple victims or because no disciplinary action is taken for an incident. Responses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about crime and safety issues at the school. Middle schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 4 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 9.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), 2005–06 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2006.


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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education