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Table 24.  Number and percentage of public middle schools with a written plan for responding to at least one crisis situation that drilled students on that plan, and the percentage of schools with specified types of crisis response plans that drilled students on that plan, by selected school characteristics: School year 2003–04


Schools with a written plan for responding to at least one crisis that drilled students on that plan   Percentage of schools with
specified types of crisis response plans
that drilled students on that plan
School characteristic Number of schools Percent of schools   Shootings Natural
disasters1
  Hostages Bomb
threats or incidents
Chemical,
biological, or radiological
threats or
incidents2
All public schools 12,675 88   48 82   43 58 39
                   
Enrollment size                   
Less than 300  1,746 83   37 77   34 43 30
300–499  2,700 88   39 78   33 54 30
500–999  6,205 89   52 83   47 60 41
1,000 or more  2,024 93   58 88   56 72 50
                   
Urbanicity                   
City  2,988 89   51 83   45 68 41
Urban fringe  4,757 89   55 83   51 65 46
Town  1,966 89   48 82   41 50 28
Rural  2,964 86   33 80   32 43 31
                   
Crime level where students live3                  
High  861 81   42 73   36 68 40
Moderate  2,834 89   50 80   50 62 44
Low  7,132 89   45 83   39 53 36
Mixed  1,849 89   59 84   55 66 40
                   
Percent minority enrollment4                   
Less than 5 percent  2,302 85   38 78   35 44 35
5 to 20 percent  3,387 92   56 85   50 60 38
20 to 50 percent  2,888 88   47 84   41 58 40
50 percent or more  3,782 87   46 80   43 65 40
                   
Percent of students eligible for free or reduced-price lunch                  
0–20 percent  3,045 90   58 85   51 63 42
21–50 percent  4,852 89   44 82   41 53 35
More than 50 percent  4,778 86   46 80   42 60 40
                   
Percent of students below 15th percentile on standardized tests                   
0–5 percent  2,998 90   49 86   45 58 35
6–15 percent  5,518 87   46 79   40 56 35
More than 15 percent  4,159 89   50 83   47 61 48
                   
Percent of students likely to attend college                   
0–35 percent  4,007 88   48 81   43 59 37
36–60 percent  3,866 88   43 81   42 55 41
More than 60 percent  4,802 90   52 83   45 60 38
                   
Percent of students who consider academic achievement important                   
0–25 percent  1,417 82   47 75   45 52 42
26–50 percent  2,778 87   44 81   44 55 40
51–75 percent  4,176 88   45 79   42 58 38
More than 75 percent  4,303 92   53 88   43 62 38
                   
Percent male enrollment                   
0–44 percent  822 96   56 83   52 72 49
45–55 percent  10,999 88   47 82   43 57 37
More than 55 percent  853 82   48 75   45 57 52
                   
Student-to-teacher ratio5                   
Less than 12 students  5,163 85   48 77   45 58 37
12–16 students  4,980 89   45 85   40 57 39
More than 16 students  2,532 93   55 88   48 61 43
                   
Number of classroom changes6                   
0–3 changes  471 82   41 81   52 58 31
4–6 changes  4,891 88   48 80   46 60 40
More than 6 changes  7,313 89   49 83   42 57 38
                   
Regular use of law enforcement7                   
Regular use  8,396 90   53 85   47 62 42
No regular use  4,279 85   38 76   37 51 33
                   
Number of serious discipline problems8                   
No problems  5,904 88   47 82   43 60 41
1 problem  2,652 88   50 84   46 59 39
2 problems  2,034 90   46 84   48 55 36
3 or more problems  2,085 88   49 78   38 55 36
                   
Transfers as a percentage of enrollment9                   
0 to 6 percent  2,591 91   54 83   52 65 46
6 to 11 percent  2,823 87   51 81   49 64 41
11 to 21 percent  3,971 88   47 81   37 55 34
21 percent or more  3,291 88   41 83   39 52 37
                   
Prevalence of schoolwide disruptions10                   
No disruptions  11,343 88   48 83   44 56 38
Any disruptions  1,332 88   45 76   35 73 44
                   
Percent of students absent on a daily basis                   
0–2 percent  1,012 90   47 90   42 52 37
3–5 percent  6,737 87   47 81   41 56 37
6–10 percent  4,398 91   50 83   48 64 43
More than 10 percent  528 87   46 80   37 45 34
                   
Prevalence of violent incidents11                   
No violent incidents  786 87   38 82   47 61 33
Any violent incidents  11,889 88   49 82   43 58 39
1 Examples of natural disasters provided to respondents were earthquakes or tornadoes.
2 Examples of chemical, biological, or radiological threats or incidents provided to respondents were the release of mustard gas, anthrax, smallpox, or radioactive materials.
3 Respondents were asked, "How would you describe the crime level in the area(s) in which your students live?" Response options included "high level of crime," "moderate level of crime," "low level of crime," and "students come from areas with very different levels of crime."
4 These estimates exclude data from Tennessee because schools in this state did not report estimates of student race.
5 Student-to-teacher ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides. The total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers and aides, including special education teachers and aides, with an adjustment to compensate for the part-time status.
6 Respondents were asked, "How many classroom changes do most students make in a typical day?" Responses exclude morning arrival and afternoon departure.
7 Respondents were asked, "During the 2003–2004 school year, did you have any sworn law enforcement officers, security guards, or security personnel present at your school on a regular basis?"
8 Serious discipline problems include student racial tensions, student bullying, student sexual harassment of other students, student verbal abuse of teachers, widespread disorder in classrooms, student acts of disrespect for teachers, gang activities, and cult or extremist group activities. If a respondent reported that any of these problems occurred daily or weekly in their school, each was counted once in the total number of serious discipline problems.
9 Transfers as a percentage of enrollment combines the number of students who were transferred to a school and the number of students who were transferred from a school divided by the total number of students enrolled in the school.
10 Schoolwide disruptions include actions that disrupted school activities such as death threats, bomb threats, and chemical, biological, or radiological threats. Respondents were instructed to exclude all fire alarms, including false alarms.
11 Violent incidents include rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with or without a weapon, threat of physical attack with or without a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
NOTE: Respondents were included as having a written plan for responding to at least one crisis situation if they reported that they had a written plan that described procedures for any of the following: school shootings; natural disasters; hostages; bomb threats; or chemical, biological, or radiological threats or incidents. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Responses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about crime and safety issues at school.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2004.


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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education