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Table 23.  Number and percentage of public middle schools with a written plan for responding to at least one crisis situation, and the percentage of schools with specified types of crisis response plans, by selected school characteristics: School year 2003–04


Schools with a
written planfor
responding to
at least one
crisis situation
Percentage of schools with specified
types of crisis response plans
School characteristic Number
of schools
Percent
of schools
  Shootings Natural disasters1   Hostages Bomb
threats or
incidents
Chemical,
biological, or radiological
threats or
incidents2
All public schools 14,350 99   86 97   78 96 70
                 
                   
Enrollment size                  
Less than 300  2,098 97   83 95   74 91 66
300–499  3,072 99   87 96   80 95 69
500–999  7,006 99   86 97   77 97 72
1,000 or more  2,173 100   87 99   80 96 71
                   
Urbanicity                   
City  3,370 100   83 96   74 97 67
Urban fringe  5,322 99   87 97   78 96 75
Town  2,219 98   89 97   81 93 66
Rural  3,438 100   86 98   78 96 69
                   
Crime level where
students live3
                 
High  1,064 100   83 97   75 98 68
Moderate  3,180 99   86 96   76 97 74
Low  8,025 100   89 99   79 96 71
Mixed  2,081 96   78 93   75 92 65
                   
Percent minority
enrollment4 
                 
Less than 5 percent  2,715 99   87 97   77 96 69
5 to 20 percent  3,682 100   92 97   81 96 74
20 to 50 percent  3,265 98   86 97   77 96 70
50 percent or more  4,360 99   81 96   74 94 69
                   
Percent of students
eligible for free or
reduced-price lunch 
                 
0–20 percent  3,374 100   90 98   79 97 75
21–50 percent  5,427 99   87 97   76 97 69
More than 50 percent  5,549 98   82 97   78 94 69
                   
Percent of students below
15th percentile on
standardized tests 
                 
0–5 percent  3,319 100   90 99   79 96 72
6–15 percent  6,359 99   87 97   77 97 72
More than 15 percent  4,672 98   82 96   77 93 67
                   
Percent of students
likely to attend college 
                 
0–35 percent  4,575 98   85 96   75 92 69
36–60 percent  4,412 100   85 98   79 97 68
More than 60 percent  5,363 99   88 97   79 97 74
                   
Percent of students who
consider academic
achievement important 
                 
0–25 percent  1,724 97   83 94   75 93 70
26–50 percent  3,203 98   85 97   74 94 67
51–75 percent  4,755 99   86 97   80 97 67
More than 75 percent  4,667 100   89 99   79 97 76
                   
Percent male enrollment                   
0–44 percent  860 100   86 100   83 97 67
45–55 percent  12,443 99   86 97   78 96 72
More than 55 percent  1,047 100   84 96   64 91 58
                   
Student-to-teacher
ratio5 
                 
Less than 12 students  6,056 99   85 96   77 96 75
12–16 students  5,571 99   87 97   79 95 68
More than 16 students  2,723 100   86 99   76 96 65
                   
Number of classroom changes6                   
0–3 changes  576 95   80 93   67 88 63
4–6 changes  5,580 99   85 98   75 95 68
More than 6 changes  8,194 99   87 97   80 96 72
                   
Regular use of law enforcement7                   
Regular use  9,288 99   87 97   80 97 73
No regular use  5,062 98   84 98   74 93 66
                   
Number of serious
discipline problems8 
                 
No problems  6,730 99   86 97   78 93 70
1 problem  2,998 100   90 98   77 100 73
2 problems  2,258 99   83 98   75 97 70
3 or more problems  2,363 99   86 93   78 96 69
                   
Transfers as a percentage
of enrollment9 
                 
0 to 6 percent  2,855 100   86 99   77 95 73
6 to 11 percent  3,235 100   90 97   77 95 70
11 to 21 percent  4,505 98   84 97   75 96 68
21 percent or more  3,755 98   85 95   81 97 71
                   
Prevalence of schoolwide disruptions10                   
No disruptions  12,837 99   86 97   78 95 70
Any disruptions  1,513 100   85 95   78 99 77
                   
Percent of students
absent on a daily basis 
                 
0–2 percent  1,120 98   86 97   75 98 63
3–5 percent  7,787 100   88 98   79 96 73
6–10 percent  4,833 99   85 95   78 96 68
More than 10 percent  610 93   74 92   65 87 62
                   
Prevalence of violent incidents11                   
No violent incidents  899 96   86 96   68 92 63
Any violent incidents  13,451 99   86 97   78 96 71
1 Examples of natural disasters provided to respondents were earthquakes or tornadoes.
2 Examples of chemical, biological, or radiological threats or incidents provided to respondents were the release of mustard gas, anthrax, smallpox, or radioactive materials.
3 Respondents were asked, "How would you describe the crime level in the area(s) in which your students live?" Response options included "high level of crime," "moderate level of crime," "low level of crime," and "students come from areas with very different levels of crime."
4 These estimates exclude data from Tennessee because schools in this state did not report estimates of student race.
5 Student-to-teacher ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides. The total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers and aides, including special education teachers and aides, with an adjustment to compensate for the part-time status.
6 Respondents were asked, "How many classroom changes do most students make in a typical day?" Responses exclude morning arrival and afternoon departure.
7 Respondents were asked, "During the 2003–2004 school year, did you have any sworn law enforcement officers, security guards, or security personnel present at your school on a regular basis?"
8 Serious discipline problems include student racial tensions, student bullying, student sexual harassment of other students, student verbal abuse of teachers, widespread disorder in classrooms, student acts of disrespect for teachers, gang activities, and cult or extremist group activities. If a respondent reported that any of these problems occurred daily or weekly in their school, each was counted once in the total number of serious discipline problems.
9 Transfers as a percentage of enrollment combines the number of students who were transferred to a school and the number of students who were transferred from a school divided by the total number of students enrolled in the school.
10 Schoolwide disruptions include actions that disrupted school activities such as death threats, bomb threats, and chemical, biological, or radiological threats. Respondents were instructed to exclude all fire alarms, including false alarms.
11 Violent incidents include rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with or without a weapon, threat of physical attack with or without a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
NOTE: Respondents were included as having a written plan for responding to at least one crisis situation if they reported that they had a written plan that described procedures for any of the following: school shootings; natural disasters; hostages; bomb threats; or chemical, biological, or radiological threats or incidents. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Responses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about crime and safety issues at school.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2004.


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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education