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Table 21.  Percentage distribution of public middle schools reporting selected percentages of parents or guardians that attended special subject-area events or volunteered at school, by selected school characteristics: School year 2003–04


Percent of students with a parent or guardian that attended a special subject-area event1 Percent of students with a parent or guardian that volunteered at school or served on a committee
School characteristic 0–25 percent of students 26–50 percent of students 51–75 percent of students 76–100 percent of students School does not offer   0–25 percent of students 26–50 percent of students 51–75 percent of students 76–100 percent of students School does not offer
All public schools 14 27 32 23 3   63 26 7 2 1
                       
Enrollment size                       
Less than 300  8 26 37 27 3   55 35 8 1 #
300–499  13 27 26 28 5   63 26 7 2 2
500–999  15 27 34 21 3   65 25 6 2 1
1,000 or more  20 30 26 22 2   65 22 8 3 1
                       
Urbanicity                       
City  26 30 27 14 3   74 18 4 3 1
Urban fringe  12 25 33 28 3   60 28 9 2 1
Town  9 30 34 21 5   64 25 8 1 3
Rural  11 27 34 27 2   58 34 6 2 1
                       
Crime level where students live2                      
High  32 30 22 9 7   84 15 # # 1
Moderate  22 33 28 15 2   72 20 4 2 2
Low  9 24 36 29 2   56 32 9 2 1
Mixed  16 29 29 21 5   67 23 8 2 1
                       
Percent minority enrollment3                      
Less than 5 percent  9 21 34 36 #   58 34 7 # 2
5 to 20 percent  6 24 33 32 4   50 33 12 4 1
20 to 50 percent  10 31 34 22 2   63 27 8 1 1
50 percent or more  26 31 29 10 4   77 17 2 3 1
                       
Percent of students eligible for free or reduced-price lunch                      
0–20 percent  4 18 36 41 1   48 33 13 4 2
21–50 percent  12 29 31 25 3   61 30 7 1 1
More than 50 percent  23 31 30 11 5   74 19 3 2 1
                       
Percent of students below 15th percentile on standardized tests                       
0–5 percent  6 21 36 36 2   55 30 11 3 1
6–15 percent  13 26 34 23 3   58 31 7 2 2
More than 15 percent  22 34 26 15 4   77 18 4 1 1
                       
Percent of students likely to attend college                       
0–35 percent  25 33 25 11 5   78 19 2 # 1
36–60 percent  13 31 35 18 3   65 28 5 1 2
More than 60 percent  6 19 35 38 2   49 32 13 5 1
                       
Percent of students who consider academic achievement important                       
0–25 percent  30 29 26 9 6   88 8 2 1 1
26–50 percent  19 34 31 14 2   72 22 4 1 1
51–75 percent  13 31 33 18 5   65 27 6 # 2
More than 75 percent  6 19 34 40 1   47 35 12 5 2
                       
Percent male enrollment                       
0–44 percent  13 20 34 31 1   57 27 15 1 #
45–55 percent  14 28 32 22 4   64 27 6 2 1
More than 55 percent  18 24 27 31 #   63 22 10 4 #
                       
Student-to-teacher ratio4                       
Less than 12 students  15 22 36 25 2   63 26 8 2 2
12–16 students  14 33 28 21 5   64 27 6 2 1
More than 16 students  15 28 31 24 2   63 27 8 1 #
                       
Number of classroom changes5                       
0–3 changes  2 41 22 32 4   36 55 5 2 2
4–6 changes  20 27 30 20 3   65 26 6 2 1
More than 6 changes  12 27 34 25 3   64 25 8 2 1
                       
Regular use of law enforcement6                       
Regular use  18 29 31 19 2   65 25 7 2 1
No regular use  9 24 33 30 4   60 29 7 2 1
                       
Number of serious discipline problems7                       
No problems  11 26 33 28 2   59 29 9 3 1
1 problem  11 24 35 29 2   58 31 7 2 2
2 problems  22 31 29 14 5   69 24 4 2 1
3 or more problems  23 31 27 12 8   78 16 4 1 1
                       
Transfers as a percentage of enrollment8                      
0 to 6 percent  10 21 28 38 2   45 38 11 3 2
6 to 11 percent  11 31 26 29 3   63 24 8 2 2
11 to 21 percent  16 25 38 18 3   66 25 6 1 1
21 percent or more  19 31 33 14 4   73 20 4 2 1
                     
                       
Prevalence of schoolwide disruptions9                      
No disruptions  14 27 32 24 3   63 27 7 2 1
Any disruptions  20 31 26 21 2   68 26 5 1 #
                       
Percent of students absent on a daily basis                       
0–2 percent  5 21 32 38 3   50 33 9 6 2
3–5 percent  12 28 32 26 3   60 29 8 2 1
6–10 percent  19 28 34 16 3   72 21 4 1 1
More than 10 percent  25 31 17 21 5   64 17 10 4 5
                       
Prevalence of violent incidents10                       
No violent incidents 4 15 30 47 3   37 42 13 8 #
Any violent incidents 15 28 32 22 3   65 25 7 2 1
# Rounds to zero.
1 Examples of special subject-area events provided to respondents were science fairs or concerts.
2 Respondents were asked, "How would you describe the crime level in the area(s) in which your students live?" Response options included "high level of crime," "moderate level of crime," "low level of crime," and "students come from areas with very different levels of crime."
3 These estimates exclude data from Tennessee because schools in this state did not report estimates of student race.
4 Student-to-teacher ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides. The total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers and aides, including special education teachers and aides, with an adjustment to compensate for the part-time status.
5 Respondents were asked, "How many classroom changes do most students make in a typical day?" Responses exclude morning arrival and afternoon departure.
6 Respondents were asked, "During the 2003–2004 school year, did you have any sworn law enforcement officers, security guards, or security personnel present at your school on a regular basis?"
7 Serious discipline problems include student racial tensions, student bullying, student sexual harassment of other students, student verbal abuse of teachers, widespread disorder in classrooms, student acts of disrespect for teachers, gang activities, and cult or extremist group activities. If a respondent reported that any of these problems occurred daily or weekly in their school, each was counted once in the total number of serious discipline problems.
8 Transfers as a percentage of enrollment combines the number of students who were transferred to a school and the number of students who were transferred from a school divided by the total number of students enrolled in the school.
9 Schoolwide disruptions include actions that disrupted school activities such as death threats, bomb threats, and chemical, biological, or radiological threats. Respondents were instructed to exclude all fire alarms, including false alarms.
10 Violent incidents include rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with or without a weapon, threat of physical attack with or without a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
NOTE: "At school" was defined for respondents to include activities that happen in school buildings, on school grounds, on school buses, and at places that hold school-sponsored events or activities. Detail may not sum to 100 percent because of rounding. Responses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about crime and safety issues at school.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2004.


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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education