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Table 16.  Number of students in public middle schools involved in the use or possession of a weapon other than a firearm at school, and the number and percentage of students receiving various disciplinary actions, by selected school characteristics: School year 2003–04


Disciplinary actions taken for students involved in the use or possession of a weapon other than a firearm at school
Total students involved in recorded offenses Removals without continuing services Transfers to specialized schools1 Out-of-school suspensions lasting 5 or more days Other disciplinary action2
School characteristic Number   Number Percent   Number Percent   Number Percent   Number Percent
All public schools 19,440   937 5   5,854 31   8,294 43   3,992 21
                           
Enrollment size                          
Less than 300 353   54 15   115 33   126 36   57 16
300–499 2,541   108 4   771 31   1,068 43   564 22
500–999 8,982   528 6   2,674 30   3,589 41   2,024 23
1,000 or more 7,565   246 3   2,294 31   3,511 47   1,346 18
                           
Urbanicity                          
City 8,821   415 5   3,088 36   4,020 46   1,133 13
Urban fringe 6,820   320 5   1,820 27   2,983 45   1,575 24
Town 1,594   131 8   424 27   598 38   426 27
Rural 2,205   70 3   522 24   693 32   857 40
                           
Crime level where students live3                          
High 2,938   57 2   913 31   1,413 48   543 19
Moderate 7,107   342 5   2,310 33   2,968 42   1,404 20
Low 5,630   315 6   1,758 32   2,195 40   1,208 22
Mixed 3,765   223 6   874 24   1,719 47   837 23
                           
Percent minority enrollment4                          
Less than 5 percent 761   37 5   122 17   271 38   292 40
5 to 20 percent 2,762   154 6   729 27   1,155 43   637 24
20 to 50 percent 5,286   319 6   1,487 28   2,553 49   883 17
50 percent or more 10,198   417 4   3,377 34   4,248 42   1,962 20
                           
Percent of students eligible for free or reduced-price lunch                          
0–20 percent 2,417   123 5   603 26   895 39   694 30
21–50 percent 5,624   453 8   1,486 27   2,506 45   1,116 20
More than 50 percent 11,400   360 3   3,766 34   4,893 44   2,182 19
                           
Percent of students below 15th percentile on standardized tests                          
0–5 percent 2,520   50 2   770 31   1,058 42   632 25
6–15 percent 7,143   475 7   1,519 22   3,124 45   1,795 26
More than 15 percent 9,777   412 4   3,565 37   4,113 43   1,565 16
                           
Percent of students likely to attend college                          
0–35 percent 7,864   351 4   2,447 31   3,666 47   1,357 17
36–60 percent 7,672   357 5   2,380 32   2,949 40   1,732 23
More than 60 percent 3,905   229 6   1,027 27   1,680 44   903 24
                           
Percent of students who consider academic achievement important                          
0–25 percent 2,776   96 4   782 29   1,192 44   646 24
26–50 percent 5,422   440 8   1,474 28   2,351 44   1,079 20
51–75 percent 7,174   257 4   2,453 35   3,040 43   1,299 18
More than 75 percent 4,069   144 4   1,145 29   1,711 43   968 24
                           
Percent male enrollment                          
0–44 percent 991   36 4   346 36   556 58   25 3
45–55 percent 17,112   849 5   5,140 31   7,079 42   3,731 22
More than 55 percent 1,337   52 4   368 28   659 50   236 18
                           
Student-to-teacher ratio5                          
Less than 12 students 5,026   191 4   1,333 27   2,510 51   913 18
12–16 students 7,835   466 6   2,476 32   2,949 39   1,731 23
More than 16 students 6,580   279 4   2,045 31   2,836 44   1,347 21
                           
Number of classroom changes6                          
0–3 changes 556   66 12   126 23   255 47   98 18
4–6 changes 8,560   215 3   2,920 34   3,855 45   1,489 18
More than 6 changes 10,324   656 7   2,808 28   4,184 42   2,404 24
                           
Regular use of law enforcement7                          
Regular use 15,730   690 4   5,087 33   6,563 43   3,081 20
No regular use 3,711   247 7   767 21   1,731 47   911 25
                           
Number of serious discipline problems8                          
No problems 5,062   355 7   1,700 35   1,841 37   1,016 21
1 problem 4,322   175 4   1,283 30   1,917 44   936 22
2 problems 3,614   258 7   839 24   1,538 43   902 26
3 or more problems 6,442   148 2   2,032 32   2,998 47   1,137 18
                           
Transfers as a percentage of enrollment9                          
0 to 6 percent 2,211   77 3   344 16   1,096 50   674 31
6 to 11 percent 2,407   114 5   641 28   1,016 44   553 24
11 to 21 percent 5,646   294 5   1,642 29   2,567 46   1,079 19
21 percent or more 9,176   452 5   3,226 36   3,615 40   1,686 19
                           
Prevalence of schoolwide disruptions10                          
No disruptions 15,919   905 6   4,490 29   6,896 44   3,313 21
Any disruptions 3,522   32 1   1,364 39   1,398 40   678 20
                           
Percent of students absent on a daily basis                          
0–2 percent 1,120   59 5   399 37   410 38   220 20
3–5 percent 7,807   459 6   2,143 28   3,044 40   1,982 26
6–10 percent 9,514   358 4   2,988 32   4,434 47   1,611 17
More than 10 percent 1,000   61 6   325 33   406 42   179 18
                           
Prevalence of violent incidents11                          
No violent incidents 70   # #   19 27   51 73   # #
Any violent incidents 19,370   937 5   5,835 31   8,243 43   3,992 21
# Rounds to zero.
1 Specialized school was defined for respondents as "a school that is specifically for students who were referred for disciplinary reasons. The school may also have students who were referred for other reasons. The school may be at the same location as your school."
2 Other disciplinary actions include suspension less than 5 days, detention, etc.
3 Respondents were asked, "How would you describe the crime level in the area(s) in which your students live?" Response options included "high level of crime," "moderate level of crime," "low level of crime," and "students come from areas with very different levels of crime."
4 These estimates exclude data from Tennessee because schools in this state did not report estimates of student race.
5 Student-to-teacher ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides. The total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers and aides, including special education teachers and aides, with an adjustment to compensate for the part-time status.
6 Respondents were asked, "How many classroom changes do most students make in a typical day?" Responses exclude morning arrival and afternoon departure.
7 Respondents were asked, "During the 2003–2004 school year, did you have any sworn law enforcement officers, security guards, or security personnel present at your school on a regular basis?"
8 Serious discipline problems include student racial tensions, student bullying, student sexual harassment of other students, student verbal abuse of teachers, widespread disorder in classrooms, student acts of disrespect for teachers, gang activities, and cult or extremist group activities. If a respondent reported that any of these problems occurred daily or weekly in their school, each was counted once in the total number of serious discipline problems.
9 Transfers as a percentage of enrollment combines the number of students who were transferred to a school and the number of students who were transferred from a school divided by the total number of students enrolled in the school.
10 Schoolwide disruptions include actions that disrupted school activities such as death threats, bomb threats, and chemical, biological, or radiological threats. Respondents were instructed to exclude all fire alarms, including false alarms.
11 Violent incidents include rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with or without a weapon, threat of physical attack with or without a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
NOTE: The numbers of students involved in offenses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about discipline issues at the school. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Responses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about crime and safety issues at school.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2004.


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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education