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Table 14.  Number and percentage of public middle schools reporting the use of any serious disciplinary action, and the percentage distribution of serious disciplinary actions used by schools, by selected offenses: School year 2003–04


  Schools using any serious disciplinary action1   Percentage distribution of serious disciplinary actions used by schools1
Offense Number of schools Percent of schools Number of actions taken Number of actions taken per 1,000 students Removals
with no services
for at least the remainder of school year
Transfers to specialized schools2   Out-of-school suspensions lasting 5 or more days
Total offenses  10,677 74 236,273 24.1   3 23   75
                   
Use or possession of a firearm or explosive device3 865 6 1,642 0.2   18 31   51
Use or possession of a weapon other than a firearm3,4  4,694 32 15,085 1.5   6 39   55
Distribution, possession, or use of illegal drugs  6,245 43 21,839 2.2   7 44   49
Distribution, possession, or use of alcohol  1,652 11 4,605 0.5   3 32   65
Physical attacks or fights5  7,562 52 106,681 10.9   3 17   81
Insubordination6  5,450 38 86,421 8.8   1 21   78
1 Serious disciplinary actions include removals with no continuing services for at least the remainder of the school year, transfers to specialized schools for disciplinary reasons, and out-of-school suspensions lasting 5 or more days, but less than the remainder of the school year.
2 Specialized school was defined for respondents as "a school that is specifically for students who were referred for disciplinary reasons. The school may also have students who were referred for other reasons. The school may be at the same location as your school."
3 Firearm or explosive device was defined for respondents as "any weapon that is designed to (or may readily be converted to) expel a projectile by the action of an explosive. This includes guns, bombs, grenades, mines, rockets, missiles, pipe bombs, or similar devices designed to explode and capable of causing bodily harm or property damage."
4 Weapon was defined for respondents as "any instrument or object used with the intent to threaten, injure, or kill. Includes look-alikes if they are used to threaten others."
5 Physical attack or fight was defined for respondents as "an actual and intentional touching or striking of another person against his or her will, or the intentional causing of bodily harm to an individual."
6 Insubordination was defined for respondents as "a deliberate and inexcusable defiance of or refusal to obey a school rule, authority, or a reasonable order. It includes but is not limited to direct defiance of school authority, failure to attend assigned detention or on-campus supervision, failure to respond to a call slip, and physical or verbal intimidation or abuse."
NOTE: Detail may not sum to 100 percent because of rounding. Responses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about crime and safety issues at school.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2004.


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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education