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Table 7.  Number and percentage of public middle schools reporting disruptions from school from death threats, bomb threats, or chemical, biological, or radiological threats, the number of incidents reported, and the rate of disruptions per 1,000 students, by selected school characteristics: School year 2003–04


  Disruptions from death threats, bomb threats, or chemical, biological, or radiological threats
School characteristic Number of schools Percent of schools Number of incidents Rate per 1,000 students
All public schools  1,513 10 3,075 0.3
         
Enrollment size         
Less than 300  139 6 139 0.3
300–499  359 12 668 0.5
500–999  746 11 1,663 0.3
1,000 or more  269 12 606 0.2
         
Urbanicity         
City  600 18 1,160 0.4
Urban fringe  506 9 782 0.2
Town  98 4 255 0.2
Rural  309 9 878 0.5
         
Crime level where students live1         
High  246 23 517 0.6
Moderate  426 13 810 0.4
Low  574 7 1,281 0.3
Mixed  267 12 467 0.3
         
Percent minority enrollment2        
Less than 5 percent  140 5 646 0.5
5 to 20 percent  341 9 529 0.2
20 to 50 percent  319 10 484 0.2
50 percent or more  713 16 1,416 0.4
         
Percent of students eligible for free
or reduced-price lunch 
       
0–20 percent  248 7 730 0.3
21–50 percent  522 10 905 0.3
More than 50 percent  743 13 1,441 0.4
         
Percent of students below 15th
percentile on standardized tests 
       
0–5 percent  326 10 837 0.4
6–15 percent  526 8 976 0.2
More than 15 percent  662 14 1,262 0.4
         
Percent of students likely to attend college         
0–35 percent  590 13 1,183 0.4
36–60 percent  488 11 762 0.3
More than 60 percent  435 8 1,130 0.3
         
Percent of students who consider academic achievement important         
0–25 percent  186 11 594 0.5
26–50 percent  429 13 515 0.2
51–75 percent  527 11 1,277 0.4
More than 75 percent  371 8 688 0.2
         
Percent male enrollment         
0–44 percent  181 21 213 0.4
45–55 percent  1,201 10 2,638 0.3
More than 55 percent  130 12 224 0.4
         
Student-to-teacher ratio3        
Less than 12 students  653 11 976 0.3
12–16 students  662 12 1,769 0.4
More than 16 students  198 7 330 0.1
         
Number of classroom changes4         
0–3 changes  49 8 59 0.2
4–6 changes  626 11 1,035 0.3
More than 6 changes  839 10 1,981 0.4
         
Regular use of law enforcement5        
Regular use  1,215 13 2,550 0.4
No regular use  298 6 525 0.2
         
Number of serious discipline problems6         
No problems  680 10 1,215 0.3
1 problem  361 12 526 0.3
2 problems  176 8 777 0.5
3 or more problems  296 12 557 0.3
         
Transfers as a percentage of enrollment7        
0 to 6 percent  177 6 285 0.1
6 to 11 percent  356 11 681 0.3
11 to 21 percent  478 10 1,203 0.4
21 percent or more  501 13 906 0.3
         
Percent of students absent on a daily basis         
0–2 percent  88 8 551 0.8
3–5 percent  582 7 1,044 0.2
6–10 percent  697 14 1,224 0.4
More than 10 percent  145 22 255 0.6
         
Prevalence of violent incidents8         
No violent incidents  53 6 53 0.1
Any violent incidents  1,460 11 3,021 0.3
1 Respondents were asked, "How would you describe the crime level in the area(s) in which your students live?" Response options included "high level of crime," "moderate level of crime," "low level of crime," and "students come from areas with very different levels of crime."
2 These estimates exclude data from Tennessee because schools in this state did not report estimates of student race.
3 Student-to-teacher ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides. The total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers and aides, including special education teachers and aides, with an adjustment to compensate for the part-time status.
4 Respondents were asked, "How many classroom changes do most students make in a typical day?" Responses exclude morning arrival and afternoon departure.
5 Respondents were asked, "During the 2003–2004 school year, did you have any sworn law enforcement officers, security guards, or security personnel present at your school on a regular basis?"
6 Serious discipline problems include student racial tensions, student bullying, student sexual harassment of other students, student verbal abuse of teachers, widespread disorder in classrooms, student acts of disrespect for teachers, gang activities, and cult or extremist group activities. If a respondent reported that any of these problems occurred daily or weekly in their school, each was counted once in the total number of serious discipline problems.
7 Transfers as a percentage of enrollment combines the number of students who were transferred to a school and the number of students who were transferred from a school divided by the total number of students enrolled in the school.
8 Violent incidents include rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with or without a weapon, threat of physical attack with or without a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Responses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about crime and safety issues at school.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2004.


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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education