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Table 4.  Number and percentage of public middle schools reporting student threats of physical attack and incidents of robbery that occurred at school, the number of incidents, and the rate of incidents per 1,000 students, by selected school characteristics: School year 2003–04—Continued (Return to Table 4)


  Robbery with a weapon1,2   Robbery without a weapon1,2
School characteristic Number of schools Percent of schools Number of incidents Rate per 1,000 students   Number of schools Percent of schools Number of incidents Rate per 1,000 students
All public schools  120 1 631 0.1   949 7 4,117 0.4
                   
Enrollment size                   
Less than 300  # # # #   82 4 200 0.4
300–499  # # # #   60 2 79 0.1
500–999  55 1 450 0.1   482 7 1,846 0.4
1,000 or more  65 3 182 0.1   326 15 1,991 0.7
                   
Urbanicity                   
City  84 2 595 0.2   472 14 1,677 0.6
Urban fringe  36 1 36 #   268 5 1,546 0.4
Town  # # # #   82 4 155 0.1
Rural  # # # #   128 4 739 0.4
                   
Crime level where students live3                  
High  33 3 422 0.5   120 11 890 1.0
Moderate  35 1 46 #   271 8 735 0.3
Low  27 # 123 #   284 4 1,174 0.2
Mixed  24 1 41 #   274 13 1,317 0.8
                   
Percent minority enrollment4                  
Less than 5 percent  # # # #   29 1 118 0.1
5 to 20 percent  # # # #   105 3 369 0.2
20 to 50 percent  8 # 8 #   292 9 1,437 0.6
50 percent or more  112 3 624 0.2   523 12 2,192 0.6
                   
Percent of students eligible for free or reduced-price lunch                   
0–20 percent  # # # #   159 5 548 0.2
21–50 percent  20 # 20 #   253 5 1,124 0.3
More than 50 percent  100 2 612 0.2   537 10 2,444 0.6
                   
Percent of students below 15th percentile on standardized tests                   
0–5 percent  # # # #   102 3 509 0.2
6–15 percent  41 1 147 #   425 7 1,540 0.4
More than 15 percent  79 2 484 0.1   422 9 2,068 0.6
                   
Percent of students likely to attend college                   
0–35 percent  57 1 446 0.1   377 8 2,217 0.7
36–60 percent  27 1 38 #   248 6 712 0.2
More than 60 percent  35 1 147 #   324 6 1,187 0.3
                   
Percent of students who consider academic achievement important                   
0–25 percent  33 2 65 0.1   193 11 1,006 0.9
26–50 percent  12 # 12 #   274 8 853 0.4
51–75 percent  56 1 440 0.1   243 5 1,507 0.5
More than 75 percent  18 # 114 #   240 5 751 0.2
                   
Percent male enrollment                   
0–44 percent  11 1 22 #   76 9 190 0.4
45–55 percent  98 1 578 0.1   818 6 3,844 0.4
More than 55 percent  11 1 32 0.1   55 5 82 0.1
                   
Student-to-teacher ratio5                   
Less than 12 students  19 # 386 0.1   316 5 1,189 0.4
12–16 students  56 1 168 #   343 6 1,616 0.4
More than 16 students  45 2 77 #   290 11 1,311 0.5
                   
Number of classroom changes6                  
0–3 changes  # # # #   65 11 216 0.7
4–6 changes  88 2 600 0.2   474 8 2,098 0.5
More than 6 changes  32 # 32 #   411 5 1,802 0.3
                   
Regular use of law enforcement7                  
Regular use  85 1 586 0.1   735 8 3,176 0.5
No regular use  35 1 46 #   214 4 941 0.3
                   
Number of serious discipline problems8                   
No problems  11 # 106 #   297 4 1,218 0.3
1 problem  12 # 12 #   169 6 608 0.3
2 problems  # # # #   185 8 469 0.3
3 or more problems  97 4 513 0.3   299 12 1,822 1.0
                   
Transfers as a percentage of enrollment9                   
0 to 6 percent  56 2 168 0.1   240 8 979 0.5
6 to 11 percent  # # # #   256 8 663 0.3
11 to 21 percent  41 1 419 0.1   177 4 1,335 0.5
21 percent or more  23 1 44 #   277 7 1,139 0.4
                   
Prevalence of schoolwide disruptions10                   
No disruptions  82 1 477 0.1   800 6 3,529 0.4
Any disruptions  38 3 155 0.1   150 10 588 0.5
                   
Percent of students absent on a daily basis                   
0–2 percent  11 1 378 0.5   55 5 273 0.4
3–5 percent  32 # 32 #   357 5 1,252 0.2
6–10 percent  50 1 173 0.1   449 9 2,327 0.7
More than 10 percent  27 4 49 0.1   89 14 265 0.6
# Rounds to zero.
1 Weapon was defined for respondents as "any instrument or object used with the intent to threaten, injure, or kill. Includes look-alikes if they are used to threaten others."
2 Robbery was defined for respondents as "the taking or attempting to take anything of value that is owned by another person or organization, under confrontational circumstances by force or threat of force or violence and/or by putting the victim in fear. A key difference between robbery and theft/larceny is that robbery involves a threat or battery."
3 Respondents were asked, "How would you describe the crime level in the area(s) in which your students live?" Response options included "high level of crime," "moderate level of crime," "low level of crime," and "students come from areas with very different levels of crime."
4 These estimates exclude data from Tennessee because schools in this state did not report estimates of student race.
5 Student-to-teacher ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides. The total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers and aides, including special education teachers and aides, with an adjustment to compensate for the part-time status.
6 Respondents were asked, "How many classroom changes do most students make in a typical day?" Responses exclude morning arrival and afternoon departure.
7 Respondents were asked, "During the 2003–2004 school year, did you have any sworn law enforcement officers, security guards, or security personnel present at your school on a regular basis?"
8 Serious discipline problems include student racial tensions, student bullying, student sexual harassment of other students, student verbal abuse of teachers, widespread disorder in classrooms, student acts of disrespect for teachers, gang activities, and cult or extremist group activities. If a respondent reported that any of these problems occurred daily or weekly in their school, each was counted once in the total number of serious discipline problems.
9 Transfers as a percentage of enrollment combines the number of students who were transferred to a school and the number of students who were transferred from a school divided by the total number of students enrolled in the school.
10 Schoolwide disruptions include actions that disrupted school activities such as death threats, bomb threats, and chemical, biological, or radiological threats. Respondents were instructed to exclude all fire alarms, including false alarms.
NOTE: "At school" was defined for respondents to include activities that happen in school buildings, on school grounds, on school buses, and at places that hold school-sponsored events or activities. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Responses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about crime and safety issues at school.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2004.


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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education