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Table 3.  Number and percentage of public middle schools reporting sexual and physical assaults that occurred at school, the number of sexual and physical assaults, and the rate of sexual and physical assaults per 1,000 students, by selected school characteristics: School year 2003–04—Continued (Return to Table 3)


  Physical attack or fight with a weapon3,4   Physical attack or fight without a weapon3,4
School characteristic Number of schools Percent of schools Number of incidents Rate per 1,000 students   Number of schools Percent of schools Number of incidents Rate per 1,000 students
All public schools  613 4 3,382 0.3   13,267 92 296,712 30.3
                   
Enrollment size                   
Less than 300  54 3 689 1.3   1,699 79 10,267 18.9
300–499  57 2 93 0.1   2,724 88 35,084 26.2
500–999  338 5 1,684 0.3   6,761 96 166,960 32.7
1,000 or more  165 8 917 0.3   2,084 96 84,401 30.2
                   
Urbanicity                   
City  218 6 2,036 0.7   3,182 94 103,747 38.1
Urban fringe  302 6 655 0.2   5,082 94 118,229 28.8
Town  43 2 351 0.3   2,053 91 30,341 26.5
Rural  50 1 340 0.2   2,951 85 44,395 24.5
                   
Crime level where students live5                  
High  99 9 825 0.9   1,014 95 36,110 41.5
Moderate  204 6 1,196 0.5   3,029 94 99,014 43.3
Low  228 3 827 0.2   7,235 90 104,789 20.8
Mixed  82 4 534 0.3   1,989 92 56,799 35.6
                   
Percent minority enrollment6                  
Less than 5 percent  55 2 184 0.1   2,281 83 27,488 19.8
5 to 20 percent  85 2 404 0.2   3,324 90 53,158 21.7
20 to 50 percent  136 4 381 0.2   3,153 95 82,400 34.6
50 percent or more  326 7 2,401 0.7   4,200 95 128,304 38.0
                   
Percent of students eligible for free or reduced-price lunch                   
0–20 percent  91 3 384 0.1   2,979 88 44,848 17.5
21–50 percent  191 3 1,191 0.3   4,918 90 98,618 28.7
More than 50 percent  331 6 1,807 0.5   5,370 95 153,246 40.5
                   
Percent of students below 15th percentile on standardized tests                   
0–5 percent  100 3 364 0.2   3,007 91 45,338 20.5
6–15 percent  221 3 1,533 0.4   5,824 91 111,704 26.1
More than 15 percent  292 6 1,485 0.5   4,436 93 139,669 42.5
                   
Percent of students likely to attend college                   
0–35 percent  173 4 1,177 0.4   4,398 94 128,047 41.6
36–60 percent  184 4 769 0.3   4,149 94 95,827 32.0
More than 60 percent  257 5 1,435 0.4   4,721 87 72,838 19.6
                   
Percent of students who consider academic achievement important                   
0–25 percent  74 4 163 0.1   1,685 95 52,410 47.5
26–50 percent  128 4 1,222 0.6   3,092 95 76,111 35.2
51–75 percent  248 5 1,323 0.4   4,397 92 93,289 29.0
More than 75 percent  163 3 674 0.2   4,093 87 74,901 22.7
                   
Percent male enrollment                   
0–44 percent  62 7 725 1.4   794 92 18,725 37.3
45–55 percent  476 4 1,775 0.2   11,575 92 260,324 30.1
More than 55 percent  75 7 882 1.4   898 86 17,663 27.8
                   
Student-to-teacher ratio7                  
Less than 12 students  229 4 972 0.3   5,470 89 97,847 29.1
12–16 students  246 4 1,843 0.5   5,188 92 118,473 29.9
More than 16 students  138 5 567 0.2   2,609 96 80,392 32.6
                   
Number of classroom changes8                   
0–3 changes  # # # #   532 88 8,896 27.2
4–6 changes  299 5 1,664 0.4   5,141 91 117,252 30.0
More than 6 changes  315 4 1,718 0.3   7,595 92 170,564 30.8
                   
Regular use of law enforcement9                   
Regular use  490 5 3,047 0.4   8,862 95 228,402 32.8
No regular use  123 2 335 0.1   4,405 86 68,310 24.2
                   
Number of serious discipline problems10                   
No problems  136 2 443 0.1   5,911 87 88,345 21.3
1 problem  183 6 1,442 0.7   2,815 94 55,352 26.4
2 problems  99 4 908 0.6   2,176 95 61,420 37.5
3 or more problems  195 8 589 0.3   2,365 99 91,595 48.1
                   
Transfers as a percentage of enrollment11                   
0 to 6 percent  105 4 497 0.2   2,534 88 38,531 19.2
6 to 11 percent  46 1 720 0.4   2,957 91 51,096 25.4
11 to 21 percent  163 4 749 0.3   4,139 90 88,056 29.7
21 percent or more  299 8 1,416 0.5   3,638 95 119,028 42.5
                   
Prevalence of schoolwide disruptions12                   
No disruptions  508 4 2,448 0.3   11,855 91 262,367 30.5
Any disruptions  105 7 934 0.8   1,413 93 34,344 28.7
                   
Percent of students absent on a daily basis                   
0–2 percent  25 2 37 0.1   984 86 18,062 25.4
3–5 percent  365 5 2,567 0.5   7,060 91 134,933 25.9
6–10 percent  202 4 586 0.2   4,614 94 131,036 38.0
More than 10 percent  21 3 193 0.5   610 93 12,681 30.3
# Rounds to zero.
1 Rape was defined for respondents as "forced sexual intercourse (vaginal, anal, or oral penetration). Includes penetration from a foreign object."
2 Sexual battery was defined for respondents as an "incident that includes threatened rape, fondling, indecent liberties, child molestation, or sodomy. Classification of these incidents should take into consideration the age and developmentally appropriate behavior of the offender(s)."
3 Physical attack or fight was defined for respondents as an "actual and intentional touching or striking of another person against his or her will, or the intentional causing of bodily harm to an individual."
4 Weapon was defined for respondents as "any instrument or object used with the intent to threaten, injure, or kill. Includes look-alikes if they are used to threaten others."
5 Respondents were asked, "How would you describe the crime level in the area(s) in which your students live?" Response options included "high level of crime," "moderate level of crime," "low level of crime," and "students come from areas with very different levels of crime."
6 These estimates exclude data from Tennessee because schools in this state did not report estimates of student race.
7 Student-to-teacher ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides. The total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers and aides, including special education teachers and aides, with an adjustment to compensate for the part-time status.
8 Respondents were asked, "How many classroom changes do most students make in a typical day?" Responses exclude morning arrival and afternoon departure.
9 Respondents were asked, "During the 2003–2004 school year, did you have any sworn law enforcement officers, security guards, or security personnel present at your school on a regular basis?"
10 Serious discipline problems include student racial tensions, student bullying, student sexual harassment of other students, student verbal abuse of teachers, widespread disorder in classrooms, student acts of disrespect for teachers, gang activities, and cult or extremist group activities. If a respondent reported that any of these problems occurred daily or weekly in their school, each was counted once in the total number of serious discipline problems.
11 Transfers as a percentage of enrollment combines the number of students who were transferred to a school and the number of students who were transferred from a school divided by the total number of students enrolled in the school.
12 Schoolwide disruptions include actions that disrupted school activities such as death threats, bomb threats, and chemical, biological, or radiological threats. Respondents were instructed to exclude all fire alarms, including false alarms.
NOTE: "At school" was defined for respondents to include activities that happen in school buildings, on school grounds, on school buses, and at places that hold school-sponsored events or activities. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Responses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about crime and safety issues at school.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2004.


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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education