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Table 2.  Number and percentage of public middle schools reporting incidents of crime that occurred at school to police, the number of incidents reported to police, and the rate of incidents reported to police per 1,000 students, by incident type and selected school characteristics: School year 2003–04—Continued (Return to Table 2)


School characteristic Theft reported to police3   Other incidents reported to police4
Number of schools Percent of schools Number of incidents Rate per 1,000 students   Number of schools Percent of schools Number of incidents Rate per 1,000 students
All public schools 6,345 44 27,362 2.8   10,225 71 67,302 6.9
                   
Enrollment size                  
Less than 300 759 35 1,441 2.7   1,037 48 2,264 4.2
300–499 1,075 35 3,794 2.8   2,096 67 8,351 6.2
500–999 3,362 48 14,337 2.8   5,193 74 34,565 6.8
1,000 or more 1,149 53 7,790 2.8   1,900 87 22,121 7.9
                   
Urbanicity                  
City 1,708 50 9,278 3.4   2,812 83 28,645 10.5
Urban fringe 2,333 43 10,522 2.6   3,723 69 22,833 5.6
Town 971 43 3,287 2.9   1,579 70 7,168 6.3
Rural 1,333 39 4,275 2.4   2,111 61 8,656 4.8
                   
Crime level where students live5                  
High 499 47 2,473 2.8   915 86 10,483 12.0
Moderate 1,768 55 8,010 3.5   2,481 77 22,591 9.9
Low 3,088 38 12,212 2.4   5,216 65 24,376 4.8
Mixed 989 46 4,667 2.9   1,613 75 9,852 6.2
                   
Percent minority enrollment6                  
Less than 5 percent 962 35 3,106 2.2   1,516 55 5,355 3.9
5 to 20 percent 1,633 44 6,296 2.6   2,532 69 13,565 5.5
20 to 50 percent 1,586 48 7,796 3.3   2,518 76 14,277 6.0
50 percent or more 2,018 46 9,783 2.9   3,419 77 33,190 9.8
                   
Percent of students eligible for free or reduced-price lunch                  
0–20 percent 1,582 47 5,941 2.3   2,174 64 11,075 4.3
21–50 percent 2,278 42 10,166 3.0   3,914 72 20,966 6.1
More than 50 percent 2,485 44 11,255 3.0   4,137 73 35,261 9.3
                   
Percent of students below 15th percentile on standardized tests                  
0–5 percent 1,427 43 5,226 2.4   2,067 62 9,302 4.2
6–15 percent 2,927 46 12,657 3.0   4,483 70 28,508 6.7
More than 15 percent 1,991 42 9,479 2.9   3,675 77 29,492 9.0
                   
Percent of students likely to attend college                  
0–35 percent 2,023 43 10,593 3.4   3,586 77 30,844 10.0
36–60 percent 2,002 45 8,668 2.9   3,158 71 18,898 6.3
More than 60 percent 2,320 43 8,101 2.2   3,480 64 17,560 4.7
                   
Percent of students who consider academic achievement important                  
0–25 percent 810 46 3,736 3.4   1,180 67 10,175 9.2
26–50 percent 1,500 46 6,156 2.8   2,551 78 18,000 8.3
51–75 percent 2,099 44 9,701 3.0   3,487 73 22,710 7.1
More than 75 percent 1,936 41 7,769 2.4   3,007 64 16,417 5.0
                   
Percent male enrollment                  
0–44 percent 279 32 1,627 3.2   623 72 4,895 9.8
45–55 percent 5,640 45 23,551 2.7   8,867 70 57,584 6.7
More than 55 percent 425 41 2,184 3.4   735 70 4,823 7.6
                   
Student-to-teacher ratio7                  
Less than 12 students 2,548 42 9,953 3.0   4,136 68 20,298 6.0
12–16 students 2,613 46 12,673 3.2   3,971 70 27,645 7.0
More than 16 students 1,184 43 4,737 1.9   2,119 78 19,359 7.9
                   
Number of classroom changes8                  
0–3 changes 140 23 294 0.9   383 63 1,177 3.6
4–6 changes 2,396 43 10,306 2.6   3,691 66 27,655 7.1
More than 6 changes 3,809 46 16,762 3.0   6,151 75 38,470 6.9
                   
Regular use of law enforcement9                  
Regular use 4,742 51 21,425 3.1   7,277 78 52,668 7.6
No regular use 1,602 31 5,937 2.1   2,948 57 14,634 5.2
                   
Number of serious discipline problems10                  
No problems 2,470 36 7,888 1.9   4,209 62 19,259 4.6
1 problem 1,381 46 5,520 2.6   2,203 73 11,613 5.5
2 problems 1,135 50 4,965 3.0   1,802 79 13,738 8.4
3 or more problems 1,359 57 8,990 4.7   2,011 84 22,691 11.9
                   
Transfers as a percentage of enrollment11                  
0 to 6 percent 994 35 3,042 1.5   1,858 65 11,098 5.5
6 to 11 percent 1,475 46 5,950 3.0   2,231 69 11,738 5.8
11 to 21 percent 2,062 45 8,175 2.8   3,205 70 19,117 6.4
21 percent or more 1,814 48 10,195 3.6   2,931 77 25,349 9.1
                 
Prevalence of schoolwide disruptions12                  
No disruptions 5,605 43 23,414 2.7   8,997 69 55,525 6.5
Any disruptions 739 49 3,947 3.3   1,228 81 11,777 9.8
                   
Percent of students absent on a daily basis                  
0–2 percent 429 38 1,204 1.7   726 64 2,918 4.1
3–5 percent 3,243 42 13,450 2.6   5,205 67 29,763 5.7
6–10 percent 2,336 48 11,123 3.2   3,774 77 31,273 9.1
More than 10 percent 337 52 1,585 3.8   521 80 3,349 8.0
1 Violent incidents include rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with or without a weapon, threat of physical attack with or without a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
2 Serious violent incidents include rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with a weapon, threat of physical attack with a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
3 Theft or larceny (taking things worth over $10 without personal confrontation) was defined for respondents as "the unlawful taking of another person's property without personal confrontation, threat, >violence, or bodily harm. Included are pocket picking, stealing purse or backpack (if left unattended or no force was used to take it from owner), theft from a building, theft from a motor vehicle or of motor vehicle parts or accessories, theft of bicycles, theft from vending machines, and all other types of thefts."
4 Other incidents include possession of a firearm or explosive device, possession of a knife or sharp object, distribution of illegal drugs, possession or use of alcohol or illegal drugs, and vandalism.
5 Respondents were asked, "How would you describe the crime level in the area(s) in which your students live?" Response options included "high level of crime," "moderate level of crime," "low level of crime," and "students come from areas with very different levels of crime."
6 These estimates exclude data from Tennessee because schools in this state did not report estimates of student race.
7 Student-to-teacher ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides. The total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers and aides, including special education teachers and aides, with an adjustment to compensate for the part-time status.
8 Respondents were asked, "How many classroom changes do most students make in a typical day?" Responses exclude morning arrival and afternoon departure.
9 Respondents were asked, "During the 2003–2004 school year, did you have any sworn law enforcement officers, security guards, or security personnel present at your school on a regular basis?"
10 Serious discipline problems include student racial tensions, student bullying, student sexual harassment of other students, student verbal abuse of teachers, widespread disorder in classrooms, student acts of disrespect for teachers, gang activities, and cult or extremist group activities. If a respondent reported that any of these problems occurred daily or weekly in their school, each was counted once in the total number of serious discipline problems.
11 Transfers as a percentage of enrollment combines the number of students who were transferred to a school and the number of students who were transferred from a school divided by the total number of students enrolled in the school.
12 Schoolwide disruptions include actions that disrupted school activities such as death threats, bomb threats, and chemical, biological, or radiological threats. Respondents were instructed to exclude all fire alarms, including false alarms.
NOTE: "At school" was defined for respondents to include activities that happen in school buildings, on school grounds, on school buses, and at places that hold school-sponsored events or activities. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Responses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about crime and safety issues at school.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2004.


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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education