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Table 1.  Number and percentage of public middle schools reporting incidents of crime that occurred at school, the number of incidents, and the rate of incidents per 1,000 students, by incident type and selected school characteristics: School year 2003–04—Continued (Return to Table 1)


Theft3   Other incidents4
School characteristic Number of schools Percent of schools Number of incidents Rate per 1,000 students   Number of schools Percent of schools Number of incidents Rate per 1,000 students
All public schools 9,179 63 54,113 5.5   12,015 83 104,658 10.7
                   
Enrollment size                  
Less than 300 1,254 58 2,989 5.5   1,423 66 4,001 7.4
300–499 1,644 53 7,537 5.6   2,482 80 13,232 9.9
500–999 4,671 66 28,028 5.5   6,045 86 55,338 10.8
1,000 or more 1,610 74 15,560 5.6   2,065 95 32,088 11.5
                   
Urbanicity                  
City 2,288 68 17,837 6.5   3,097 92 40,249 14.8
Urban fringe 3,365 62 21,741 5.3   4,532 84 37,991 9.3
Town 1,398 62 5,636 4.9   1,816 80 10,781 9.4
Rural 2,128 62 8,898 4.9   2,569 74 15,637 8.6
                   
Crime level where students live5                  
High 667 63 5,845 6.7   983 92 15,862 18.2
Moderate 2,299 71 15,093 6.6   2,803 87 33,388 14.6
Low 4,844 60 24,204 4.8   6,308 78 39,410 7.8
Mixed 1,369 63 8,970 5.6   1,921 89 15,998 10.0
                   
Percent minority enrollment6                  
Less than 5 percent 1,519 55 5,860 4.2   1,920 70 9,643 7.0
5 to 20 percent 2,352 64 12,540 5.1   3,024 82 20,890 8.5
20 to 50 percent 2,270 68 15,510 6.5   2,925 88 22,926 9.6
50 percent or more 2,810 64 19,390 5.7   3,905 88 49,651 14.7
                   
Percent of students ligible for free or reduced-price lunch                  
0–20 percent 2,187 65 11,448 4.5   2,678 79 17,656 6.9
21–50 percent 3,388 62 20,115 5.9   4,514 83 33,830 9.8
More than 50 percent 3,604 64 22,550 6.0   4,822 85 53,172 14.1
                   
Percent of students below 15th percentile on standardized tests                  
0–5 percent 2,002 60 10,098 4.6   2,571 77 15,393 7.0
6–15 percent 4,101 64 24,062 5.6   5,338 83 44,551 10.4
More than 15 percent 3,077 64 19,952 6.1   4,105 86 44,714 13.6
                   
Percent of students likely to attend college                  
0–35 percent 2,848 61 21,599 7.0   4,053 87 46,673 15.2
36–60 percent 2,897 65 16,365 5.5   3,734 84 29,545 9.9
More than 60 percent 3,434 64 16,148 4.4   4,228 78 28,440 7.7
                   
Percent of students who consider academic achievement important                  
0–25 percent 1,124 64 6,935 6.3   1,433 81 17,152 15.5
26–50 percent 2,167 67 14,235 6.6   2,896 89 27,554 12.7
51–75 percent 3,082 64 18,145 5.6   4,115 86 35,078 10.9
More than 75 percent 2,806 60 14,797 4.5   3,571 76 24,874 7.5
                   
Percent male enrollment                  
0–44 percent 434 51 3,128 6.2   745 87 7,254 14.4
45–55 percent 8,055 64 46,146 5.3   10,433 83 89,824 10.4
More than 55 percent 690 66 4,839 7.6   837 80 7,580 12.0
                   
Student-to-teacher ratio7                  
Less than 12 students 3,713 61 19,371 5.8   4,900 80 32,857 9.8
12–16 students 3,697 65 24,645 6.2   4,764 84 43,243 10.9
More than 16 students 1,769 65 10,096 4.1   2,350 86 28,559 11.6
                   
Number of classroom changes8                  
0–3 changes 237 39 1,517 4.6   446 73 2,385 7.3
4–6 changes 3,461 61 19,136 4.9   4,379 78 42,392 10.8
More than 6 changes 5,481 66 33,459 6.0   7,190 87 59,882 10.8
                   
Regular use of law enforcement9                  
Regular use 6,438 69 41,010 5.9   8,119 87 77,393 11.1
No regular use 2,742 53 13,102 4.6   3,895 76 27,266 9.6
                   
Number of serious discipline problems10                  
No problems 3,770 55 15,544 3.8   5,032 74 28,752 6.9
1 problem 2,017 67 11,727 5.6   2,697 90 18,494 8.8
2 problems 1,564 69 9,293 5.7   2,053 90 21,165 12.9
3 or more problems 1,828 76 17,548 9.2   2,233 93 36,247 19.0
                   
Transfers as a percentage of enrollment11                  
0 to 6 percent 1,552 54 7,381 3.7   2,279 79 16,911 8.4
6 to 11 percent 2,124 66 10,026 5.0   2,662 82 18,568 9.2
11 to 21 percent 2,967 65 15,154 5.1   3,806 83 32,302 10.9
21 percent or more 2,536 67 21,553 7.7   3,268 86 36,878 13.2
                 
Prevalence of schoolwide disruptions12                  
No disruptions 8,324 64 47,333 5.5   10,633 82 89,155 10.4
Any disruptions 855 57 6,780 5.7   1,382 91 15,504 13.0
                   
Percent of students absent on a daily basis                  
0–2 percent 663 58 2,654 3.7   837 73 4,436 6.2
3–5 percent 4,901 63 25,568 4.9   6,238 80 46,888 9.0
6–10 percent 3,177 65 23,944 6.9   4,374 89 49,496 14.3
More than 10 percent 438 67 1,946 4.7   565 87 3,838 9.2
1 Violent incidents include rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with or without a weapon, threat of physical attack with or without a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
2 Serious violent incidents include rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with a weapon, threat of physical attack with a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
3 Theft or larceny (taking things worth over $10 without personal confrontation) was defined for respondents as "the unlawful taking of another person's property without personal confrontation, threat, violence, or bodily harm. Included are pocket picking, stealing purse or backpack (if left unattended or no force was used to take it from owner), theft from a building, theft from a motor vehicle or of motor vehicle parts or accessories, theft of bicycles, theft from vending machines, and all other types of thefts."
4 Other incidents include possession of a firearm or explosive device, possession of a knife or sharp object, distribution of illegal drugs, possession or use of alcohol or illegal drugs, and vandalism.
5 Respondents were asked, "How would you describe the crime level in the area(s) in which your students live?" Response options included "high level of crime," "moderate level of crime," "low level of crime," and "students come from areas with very different levels of crime."
6 These estimates exclude data from Tennessee because schools in this state did not report estimates of student race.
7 Student-to-teacher ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides. The total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers and aides, including special education teachers and aides, with an adjustment to compensate for the part-time status.
8 Respondents were asked, "How many classroom changes do most students make in a typical day?" Responses exclude morning arrival and afternoon departure.
9 Respondents were asked, "During the 2003–2004 school year, did you have any sworn law enforcement officers, security guards, or security personnel present at your school on a regular basis?"
10 Serious discipline problems include student racial tensions, student bullying, student sexual harassment of other students, student verbal abuse of teachers, widespread disorder in classrooms, student acts of disrespect for teachers, gang activities, and cult or extremist group activities. If a respondent reported that any of these problems occurred daily or weekly in their school, each was counted once in the total number of serious discipline problems.
11 Transfers as a percentage of enrollment combines the number of students who were transferred to a school and the number of students who were transferred from a school divided by the total number of students enrolled in the school.
12 Schoolwide disruptions include actions that disrupted school activities such as death threats, bomb threats, and chemical, biological, or radiological threats. Respondents were instructed to exclude all fire alarms, including false alarms.
NOTE: "At school" was defined for respondents to include activities that happen in school buildings, on school grounds, on school buses, and at places that hold school-sponsored events or activities. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Responses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about crime and safety issues at school.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2004.


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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education