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Table 27.  Percentage of public middle schools that monitored access to their campus in specified ways and the mean number of policies per school reported, by selected school characteristics: 1999–2000


School characteristic Percentage Mean number
of these policies3
Require visitors to sign or check in Control access to school buildings during school hours1 Control access to school grounds during school hours2 Require students to pass through metal detectors each day Require visitors to pass through metal detectors Perform one or more random metal detector checks on students Close the campus for most students during lunch
All public middle schools 97 76 30 2 2 14 81 3.0
                 
Enrollment size                
Less than 300 90 57 18 # 8 71 2.4
300–499 98 80 31 3 4 9 87 3.1
500–999 99 80 29 1 1 14 80 3.0
1,000 or more99 80 45 3 29 86 3.4
                 
Urbanicity                
City 99 80 42 7 5 30 87 3.5
Urban fringe 99 80 30 1 8 81 3.0
Town 94 75 26 12 83 2.9
Rural 95 66 22 # 8 73 2.6
                 
Crime level where students live4                
High 100 84 48 8 11 35 78 3.6
Moderate 99 73 42 2 21 85 3.2
Low 96 75 25 1 1 9 80 2.9
Mixed 100 76 33 4 20 83 3.1
                 
Percent minority enrollment4                
0–5 percent 93 77 18 # 4 76 2.7
6–20 percent 100 72 26 # 5 84 2.9
21–50 percent 98 74 27 1 16 86 3.0
More than 50 percent 99 78 52 7 6 33 79 3.5
                 
Percent of students eligible for free/reduced-price lunch                
0–20 percent 96 81 27 # 4 80 2.9
21–50 percent 97 70 22 1 10 82 2.8
More than 50 percent 98 79 44 5 5 29 81 3.4
                 
Percent of students below 15th percentile on standardized tests                
0–5 percent 95 78 27 # 11 80 2.9
6–15 percent 98 74 25 2 11 80 2.9
More than 15 percent 99 76 38 5 4 20 82 3.2
                 
Percent of students likely to attend college                
0–35 percent 98 70 37 3 2 22 78 3.1
36–60 percent 97 76 26 2 3 12 85 3.0
More than 60 percent 96 80 27 9 79 2.9
                 
Percent of students who consider academic achievement important                
0–25 percent 95 68 36 24 70 3.0
26–50 percent 99 71 28 4 3 16 88 3.1
51–75 percent 97 79 27 2 3 14 82 3.0
More than 75 percent 96 78 31 # 9 79 2.9
                 
Percent male enrollment                
0–44 percent 97 80 36 2 3 20 76 3.1
45–55 percent 97 74 29 2 1 12 82 2.9
More than 55 percent 100 80 29 17 79 3.1
                 
Student/teacher ratio4,5                
Less than 12 95 68 25 2 12 76 2.8
12–16 98 84 28 1 2 12 80 3.1
More than 16 97 71 38 2 14 86 3.1
                 
Number of classroom changes4                
0–3 changes 93 75 43 5 17 81 3.1
4–6 changes 99 73 32 3 4 18 80 3.1
More than 6 changes 97 77 28 1 11 82 3.0
                 
Use of paid law enforcement6                
Regular use 98 80 33 2 3 18 83 3.2
No regular use 94 66 22 4 76 2.6
                 
Number of serious discipline problems7                
No problems 96 74 28 1 1 9 76 2.8
1 problem 99 79 31 3 1 15 82 3.1
2 problems 96 73 30 14 85 3.0
3 or more problems 98 76 30 3 3 19 83 3.1
                 
Transfers as percentage of enrollment4,8                
0 to 6 percent 96 74 29 2 2 14 75 2.9
6 to 11 percent 98 75 31 3 2 11 75 2.9
11 to 21 percent 98 75 24 11 84 2.9
21 percent or more 97 79 30 3 3 17 87 3.1
                 
Prevalence of schoolwide disruptions4,9                
No disruptions 97 74 28 1 1 13 81 2.9
Any disruptions 100 85 36 5 6 19 81 3.3
                 
Percent of students absent without excuses                
None 93 76 23 # 8 86 2.9
1–2 percent 98 73 29 1 10 78 2.9
3–5 percent 98 78 30 2 2 17 81 3.1
6–10 percent 98 77 36 4 5 19 82 3.2
More than 10 percent 100 89 49 15 44 85 3.9
                 
Prevalence of violent incidents4,10                
No violent incidents 88 72 26 11 78 2.7
Any violent incidents 99 76 30 2 2 14 82 3.0
# Rounds to zero.
‡ Reporting standards not met.
1 For example, locked or monitored doors.
2 For example, locked or monitored gates.
3 Data represents the mean number of "yes" responses to the policies listed.
4 Some schools are omitted from these categories because of missing data on their school characteristics. For this reason, the detailed results do not sum to the totals. See appendix J of 2000 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS) Detailed Data Documentation (NCES 2004-307) for further information.
5 Student/teacher ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time equivalent teachers. The total number of full-time equivalent teachers is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers, including special education teachers, with an adjustment to compensate for the part-time status.
6 Schools were included as regularly using paid law enforcement if they reported the use of paid law enforcement during any of the following times: at any time during school hours, while students were arriving or leaving, at selected school activities, (e.g., athletic and social events, open houses, science fairs), or at any other time that the respondent specified.
7 Serious discipline problems is a count of discipline problems reported by principals. These discipline problems include student racial tensions, student bullying, student verbal abuse of teachers, widespread disorder in classrooms, and student acts of disrespect for teachers. If a principal reported that any of these problems occurred daily or weekly in their school, each was counted once in the total number of serious discipline problems. Undesirable gang activities and undesirable cult or extremist group activities were also counted once as a problem if the principal reported that these events occurred at all in their school.
8 Transfers as a percentage of enrollment combines the number of students who were transferred to a school and the number of students who were transferred from a school, divided by the total number of students enrolled in the school.
9 Schoolwide disruptions include actions that disrupted school activities such as bomb threats or anthrax threats. Respondents were instructed to exclude all fire alarms, including false alarms.
10 Violent incidents include rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with or without a weapon, threat of physical attack with or without a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. "At school/at your school" was defined for respondents as including activities happening in school buildings, on school grounds, on school buses, and at places that are holding school-sponsored events or activities. Respondents were instructed to, unless the survey specified otherwise, only respond for those times that were during normal school hours or when school activities/events were in session. A gang was defined for respondents as, "an ongoing loosely organized association of three or more persons, whether formal or informal, that has a common name, signs, symbols or colors, whose members engage, either individually or collectively, in violent or other forms of illegal behavior." Middle schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 4 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 9.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2000.


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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education