Skip Navigation
small NCES header image

Table 16.  Number and percentage distribution of disciplinary actions taken for use of a firearm/explosive device in public middle schools, by selected school characteristics: 1999–2000


School characteristic Total offenses   Removals   Transfers to specialized schools1   Out-of-school suspensions   Other   No disciplinary action
Number   Number Percent   Number Percent   Number Percent   Number Percent   Number Percent
All public middle schools 1,643   206 13   255 16   434 26   632 38  
 
Enrollment size                                
Less than 300   # #   # #   # #     # #
300–499 321   # #   # #      
500–999 784     207 26   307 39   143 18  
1,000 or more374         115 31   # #
                                 
Urbanicity                                
City 440     155 35   152 35    
Urban fringe 712     79 11   281 40   160 22   # #
Town #   #   #   #   #   #
Rural 491   # #     # #   373 76  
                                 
Crime level where students live2                                
High 196   # #   89 46   88 45     # #
Moderate 279   # #        
Low 825     83 10   218 26   487 59  
Mixed 344           # #
                                 
Percent minority enrollment2                                
0–5 percent 262   # #       223 85   # #
6–20 percent 154   # #     # #   119 77  
21–50 percent 602       148 25    
More than 50 percent 625     181 29   268 43   162 26   # #
                                 
Percent of students eligible for free/reduced-price lunch                                
0–20 percent 227   # #       161 71   # #
21–50 percent 883     78 9   100 11   413 47  
More than 50 percent 533     128 24   316 59   58 11   # #
                                 
Percent of students below 15th percentile on standardized tests                                
0–5 percent 336   # #     64 19   202 60  
6–15 percent 606     92 15   152 25   251 41  
More than 15 percent 702     113 16   217 31   179 25   # #
                                 
Percent of students likely to attend college                                
0–35 percent 394     68 17   138 35   174 44   # #
36–60 percent 1,064     120 11   238 22   397 37  
More than 60 percent 186   # #   66 36   58 31   61 33   # #
                                 
Percent of students who consider academic achievement important                                
0–25 percent 177   # #     # #   155 88   # #
26–50 percent 457       148 33    
51–75 percent 738     103 14   204 28   399 54   # #
More than 75 percent 272   # #   112 41   81 30    
                                 
Percent male enrollment                                
0–44 percent 418     # #      
45–55 percent 1,197     227 19   416 35   503 42  
More than 55 percent   # #     # #   # #   # #
                                 
Student/teacher ratio2,3                                
Less than 12 421   # #   70 17     199 47  
12–16 485       87 18   141 29   # #
More than 16 609     120 20   312 51   163 27   # #
                                 
Number of classroom changes2                                
0–3 changes #   #   #   #   #   #
4–6 changes 627     85 14   348 55    
More than 6 changes 955     170 18   86 9   490 51  
                                 
Use of paid law enforcement4                                
Regular use 1,399   206 15   255 18   400 29   421 30  
No regular use 245   # #   # #     211 86   # #
                                 
Number of serious discipline problems5                                
No problems 407       # #   391 96   # #
1 problem 378   # #     166 44   163   # #
2 problems 320   # #   125 39      
3 or more problems 538     81 15   209 39   58 11   # #
                                 
Transfers as percentage of enrollment2,6                                
0 to 6 percent 195   # #       132 68   # #
6 to 11 percent 330       174 53    
11 to 21 percent 443     53 12   132 30    
21 percent or more 562     100 18   94 17   193 34   # #
                                 
Prevalence of schoolwide disruptions2,7                                
No disruptions 1,009     168 17   306 30   387 38  
Any disruptions 493     87 18     116 24   # #
                                 
Percent of students absent without excuses                                
None 266   # #       137 51  
1–2 percent 625       103 16   378 60  
3–5 percent 316   # #     244 77     # #
6–10 percent 154       # #   100 65   # #
More than 10 percent 283         # #   # #
                                 
Prevalence of violent incidents2,8                                
No violent incidents   # #     # #     # #
Any violent incidents 1,478   206 14   219 15   434 29   503 34  
† Not applicable.
# Rounds to zero.
‡ Reporting standards not met.
1 Specialized school was defined for respondents as, "a school that is specifically for students who were referred for disciplinary reasons. The school may also have students who were referred for other reasons. The school may be at the same location as your school."
2 Some schools are omitted from these categories because of missing data on their school characteristics. For this reason, the detailed results do not sum to the totals. See appendix J of 2000 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS) Detailed Data Documentation (NCES 2004-307) for further information.
3 Student/teacher ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time equivalent teachers. The total number of full-time equivalent teachers is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers, including special education teachers, with an adjustment to compensate for the part-time status.
4 Schools were included as regularly using paid law enforcement if they reported the use of paid law enforcement during any of the following times: at any time during school hours, while students were arriving or leaving, at selected school activities (e.g., athletic and social events, open houses, science fairs), or at any other time that the respondent specified.
5 Serious discipline problems is a count of discipline problems reported by principals. These discipline problems include student racial tensions, student bullying, student verbal abuse of teachers, widespread disorder in classrooms, and student acts of disrespect for teachers. If a principal reported that any of these problems occurred daily or weekly in their school, each was counted once in the total number of serious discipline problems. Undesirable gang activities and undesirable cult or extremist group activities were also counted once as a problem if the principal reported that these events occurred at all in their school.
6 Transfers as a percentage of enrollment combines the number of students who were transferred to a school and the number of students who were transferred from a school, divided by the total number of students enrolled in the school.
7 Schoolwide disruptions include actions that disrupted school activities such as bomb threats or anthrax threats. Respondents were instructed to exclude all fire alarms, including false alarms.
8 Violent incidents include rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with or without a weapon, threat of physical attack with or without a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. "At school/at your school" was defined for respondents as including activities happening in school buildings, on school grounds, on school buses, and at places that are holding school-sponsored events or activities. Respondents were instructed to, unless the survey specified otherwise, only respond for those times that were during normal school hours or when school activities/events were in session. "Firearm/explosive device" was defined for respondents as, "any weapon that is designed to (or may readily be converted to) expel a projectile by the action of an explosive. This includes guns, bombs, grenades, mines, rockets, missiles, pipe bombs, or similar devices designed to explode and capable of causing bodily harm or property damage." A gang was defined for respondents as, "an ongoing loosely organized association of three or more persons, whether formal or informal, that has a common name, signs, symbols or colors, whose members engage, either individually or collectively, in violent or other forms of illegal behavior." Middle schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 4 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 9.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2000.


Would you like to help us improve our products and website by taking a short survey?

YES, I would like to take the survey

or

No Thanks

The survey consists of a few short questions and takes less than one minute to complete.
National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education