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Table 3.  Number and percentage of public middle schools reporting physical assaults with the number of incidents reported, by selected school characteristics: 1999–2000


School characteristic Rape or attempted rape1   Sexual battery
other than rape2
  Physical attack or fight3 with a weapon4   Physical attack or fight3 without a weapon4
Num-
ber of schools
Per-
cent of schools
Num-
ber of incidents
  Num-
ber of schools
Per-
cent of schools
Num-
ber of incidents
  Num-
ber of schools
Per-
cent of schools
Num-
ber of incidents
  Num-
ber of schools
Per-
cent of schools
Num-
ber of incidents
All public middle schools 126 1 143   582 4 1,141   1,150 7 3,779   12,215 80 246,958
                               
Enrollment size                              
Less than 300 # # #   131 5 131   155 6 243   1,822 66 13,806
300–499     146 4 457   2,662 79 27,967
500–999 57 1 57   333 5 692   640 9 2,174   6,100 84 156,699
1,000 or more51 3 51   105 5 293   208 11 906   1,632 84 48,485
                               
Urbanicity                              
City   262 8 673   358 10 713   2,984 87 78,580
Urban fringe 110 2 127   200 4 316   322 6 1,146   4,297 80 89,372
Town # # #   52 2 52   170 7 185   2,010 82 37,148
Rural # # #   68 2 101   299 7 1,736   2,924 71 41,858
                               
Crime level where students live5                              
High # # #     148 20 391   696 92 26,800
Moderate   276 11 577   354 14 641   2,076 81 55,790
Low 74 1 92   136 1 136   387 4 532   7,607 77 109,581
Mixed   151 7 373   261 13 2,215   1,769 86 54,520
                               
Percent minority enrollment5                              
0–5 percent   78 2 78   198 5 489   3,232 74 39,037
6–20 percent # # #   95 2 232   264 7 379   3,178 81 55,479
21–50 percent 85 2 85   178 5 281   253 7 1,998   2,959 85 65,997
More than 50 percent # # #   231 7 550   435 13 913   2,717 79 82,711
                               
Percent of students eligible for free/reduced-price lunch                              
0–20 percent   92 2 109   179 4 264   3,599 77 47,054
21–50 percent 91 1 91   224 4 413   500 8 2,391   5,093 80 102,113
More than 50 percent # # #   265 6 619   471 11 1,124   3,522 81 97,791
                               
Percent of students below 15th percentile on standardized tests                              
0–5 percent   66 2 84   181 4 198   3,157 74 52,373
6–15 percent 58 1 75   280 4 635   482 7 1,045   5,313 80 89,112
More than 15 percent   236 5 422   487 11 2,536   3,746 84 105,473
                               
Percent of students likely to attend college                              
0–35 percent 57 1 57   216 5 570   458 11 885   3,545 82 90,057
36–60 percent # # #   272 5 459   455 8 2,013   4,503 79 88,547
More than 60 percent 69 1 86   94 2 111   237 4 881   4,183 78 68,354
                               
Percent of students who consider academic achievement important                              
0–25 percent # # #   56 3 68   198 12 1,349   1,330 81 27,228
26–50 percent   153 5 459   304 9 1,300   2,735 82 70,511
51–75 percent   174 3 361   523 10 920   4,250 82 83,321
More than 75 percent 69 1 69   199 4 253   123 2 210   3,899 75 65,898
                               
Percent male enrollment                              
0–44 percent   116 6 146   156 8 814   1,368 66 27,473
45–55 percent 108 1 126   366 3 895   847 7 2,819   9,761 82 209,013
More than 55 percent # # #   100 8 100   146 11 146   1,086 82 10,472
                               
Student/teacher ratio5,6                              
Less than 12   124 3 194   280 6 765   3,662 79 60,789
12–16 # # #   260 5 527   365 6 2,215   4,610 81 104,854
More than 16 92 2 92   197 5 420   417 10 657   3,411 80 62,604
                               
Number of classroom changes5                              
0–3 changes   # # #   66 7 101   533 55 7,281
4–6 changes   255 5 491   401 7 1,721   4,252 78 78,096
More than 6 changes   292 4 565   548 8 1,724   5,950 83 139,121
                               
Use of paid law enforcement7                              
Regular use 108 1 126   448 4 1,007   967 9 3,583   8,676 83 196,480
No regular use   134 3 134   182 4 196   3,539 72 50,478
                               
Number of serious discipline problems8                              
No problems   153 3 171   101 2 217   3,634 66 37,249
1 problem   111 3 161   306 8 730   3,230 86 52,017
2 problems 51 2 51   147 6 348   225 10 1,473   1,872 81 42,863
3 or more problems   171 4 461   518 14 1,360   3,478 93 114,828
                               
Transfers as percentage of enrollment5,9                              
0 to 6 percent # # #     159 4 373   2,929 76 38,964
6 to 11 percent     260 8 835   2,692 79 44,112
11 to 21 percent 68 2 86   147 4 404   268 7 733   3,063 82 63,556
21 percent or more   315 8 584   412 10 1,741   3,269 82 93,441
                               
Prevalence of schoolwide disruptions5,10                              
No disruptions 57 # 57   314 3 705   788 7 1,775   9,440 79 177,708
Any disruptions 69 3 87   221 9 388   292 12 832   2,147 87 60,719
                               
Percent of students absent without excuses                              
None     121 4 188   2,043 74 27,455
1–2 percent   122 2 324   355 6 574   4,907 78 89,560
3–5 percent 68 2 85   196 5 419   382 10 2,257   2,982 82 68,139
6–10 percent   191 9 309   236 11 683   1,820 87 39,102
More than 10 percent # # #     56 10 77   463 87 22,701
# Rounds to zero.
‡ Reporting standards not met.
1 Rape was defined for respondents as, "forced sexual intercourse (vaginal, anal, or oral penetration). This includes penetration from a foreign object."
2 Sexual battery was defined for respondents as an, "incident that includes threatened rape, fondling, indecent liberties, child molestation, or sodomy. Classification of these incidents should take into consideration the age and developmentally appropriate behavior of the offender(s)."
3 Physical attack or fight was defined for respondents as an, "actual and intentional touching or striking of another person against his or her will, or the intentional causing of bodily harm to an individual."
4 Weapon was defined for respondents as, "any instrument or object used with the intent to threaten, injure, or kill. Includes look-alikes if they are used to threaten others."
5 Some schools are omitted from these categories because of missing data on their school characteristics. For this reason, the detailed results do not sum to the totals. See appendix J of 2000 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS) Detailed Data Documentation (NCES 2004-307) for further information.
6 Student/teacher ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time equivalent teachers. The total number of full-time equivalent teachers is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers, including special education teachers, with an adjustment to compensate for the part-time status.
7 Schools were included as regularly using paid law enforcement if they reported the use of paid law enforcement during any of the following times: at any time during school hours, while students were arriving or leaving, at selected school activities (e.g., athletic and social events, open houses, science fairs), or at any other time that the respondent specified.
8 Serious discipline problems is a count of discipline problems reported by principals. These discipline problems include student racial tensions, student bullying, student verbal abuse of teachers, widespread disorder in classrooms, and student acts of disrespect for teachers. If a principal reported that any of these problems occurred daily or weekly in their school, each was counted once in the total number of serious discipline problems. Undesirable gang activities and undesirable cult or extremist group activities were also counted once as a problem if the principal reported that these events occurred at all in their school.
9 Transfers as a percentage of enrollment combines the number of students who were transferred to a school and the number of students who were transferred from a school, divided by the total number of students enrolled in the school.
10 Schoolwide disruptions include actions that disrupted school activities such as bomb threats or anthrax threats. Respondents were instructed to exclude all fire alarms, including false alarms.
NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. "At school/at your school" was defined for respondents as including activities happening in school buildings, on school grounds, on school buses, and at places that are holding school-sponsored events or activities. Respondents were instructed to, unless the survey specified otherwise, only respond for those times that were during normal school hours or when school activities/events were in session. Middle schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 4 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 9.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2000.


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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education