Skip Navigation
small NCES header image

Table 2.  Number and percentage of public middle schools reporting violent and other incidents to police with the number of incidents reported, by selected school characteristics: 1999–2000


School characteristic Violent incidents1   Serious violent incidents2   Theft3   Other incidents4
Num-
ber of schools
Per-
cent of schools
Num-
ber of incidents
  Num-
ber of schools
Per-
cent of schools
Num-
ber of incidents
  Num-
ber of schools
Per-
cent of schools
Num-
ber of incidents
  Num-
ber of schools
Per-
cent of schools
Num-
ber of incidents
All public middle schools 8,543 56 81,441   3,821 25 10,812   6,166 40 26,514   11,246 73 75,317
                               
Enrollment size                              
Less than 300 958 35 3,281   516 19 979   850 31 2,835   1,370 50 5,023
300–499 1,556 46 7,770   536 16 1,122   1,129 34 2,710   2,096 62 9,070
500–999 4,673 64 50,344   2,142 29 6,225   3,224 44 12,889   6,064 83 42,832
1,000 or more1,356 69 20,045   627 32 2,486   963 49 8,081   1,717 88 18,392
                               
Urbanicity                              
City 2,367 69 32,780   1,052 31 3,797   1,658 49 10,231   2,970 87 25,992
Urban fringe 3,093 57 30,014   1,381 26 4,292   2,111 39 8,266   4,100 76 28,891
Town 1,275 52 8,644   468 19 896   1,067 43 2,998   1,588 64 7,085
Rural 1,807 44 10,004   921 22 1,828   1,330 32 5,019   2,588 63 13,350
                               
Crime level where students live5                              
High 590 78 9,464   361 48 1,923   398 53 3,145   653 87 6,805
Moderate 1,484 58 20,278   791 31 2,514   1,193 46 5,049   2,025 79 18,399
Low 5,015 51 34,166   1,960 20 4,177   3,867 39 14,256   6,802 69 36,501
Mixed 1,387 68 17,215   708 25 2,198   691 34 4,013   1,699 83 13,159
                               
Percent minority enrollment5                              
0–5 percent 2,100 48 10,773   952 22 1,955   1,546 35 3,556   2,891 66 12,352
6–20 percent 1,930 49 19,196   852 22 2,163   1,711 44 7,913   2,771 71 19,231
21–50 percent 2,214 63 24,842   866 25 2,696   1,485 42 6,856   2,786 80 21,175
More than 50 percent 2,213 64 25,538   1,137 33 3,983   1,353 39 7,572   2,727 79 21,254
                               
Percent of students eligible for free/reduced-price lunch                              
0–20 percent 2,351 50 16,521   887 19 2,028   1,769 38 6,040   3,308 71 16,434
21–50 percent 3,681 58 36,108   1,651 26 4,076   2,663 42 12,091   4,768 75 34,109
More than 50 percent 2,510 58 28,811   1,283 29 4,707   1,735 40 8,383   3,170 73 24,775
                               
Percent of students below 15th percentile on standardized tests                              
0–5 percent 2,048 48 19,259   617 14 1,369   1,778 42 6,032   2,823 66 15,469
6–15 percent 3,845 58 30,099   2,006 30 5,151   2,567 39 10,577   5,074 76 31,326
More than 15 percent 2,650 59 32,084   1,198 27 4,292   1,822 41 9,905   3,349 75 28,521
                               
Percent of students likely to attend college                              
0–35 percent 2,779 64 33,508   1,310 30 4,301   1,729 40 9,687   3,453 80 28,332
36–60 percent 3,156 56 26,011   1,327 23 3,834   2,113 37 7,558   4,046 71 25,386
More than 60 percent 2,607 48 21,922   1,183 22 2,677   2,324 43 9,269   3,747 70 21,599
                               
Percent of students who consider academic achievement important                              
0–25 percent 999 61 12,804   464 28 1,659   699 42 3,851   1,233 75 11,677
26–50 percent 2,149 65 25,133   1,005 30 3,689   1,603 48 7,129   2,625 79 21,036
51–75 percent 3,034 59 23,917   1,374 27 3,375   1,941 37 8,133   3,804 73 24,545
More than 75 percent 2,361 45 19,587   977 19 2,088   1,923 37 7,401   3,584 68 18,059
                               
Percent male enrollment                              
0–44 percent 1,019 49 8,453   458 22 1,731   578 28 1,927   1,499 72 7,268
45–55 percent 6,819 57 66,902   2,905 24 8,142   5,013 42 21,790   8,847 74 60,681
More than 55 percent 705 53 6,086   458 35 939   575 44 2,796   901 68 7,368
                               
Student/teacher ratio5,6                              
Less than 12 2,664 57 21,529   1,037 22 2,612   1,815 39 8,137   3,265 70 19,428
12–16 2,840 50 26,314   1,253 22 3,355   2,118 37 8,083   4,113 72 24,773
More than 16 2,611 61 28,674   1,338 31 4,401   1,881 44 8,809   3,307 77 27,010
                               
Number of classroom changes5                              
0–3 changes 338 35 1,610   189 20 418   207 21 376   400 41 1,864
4–6 changes 3,015 55 29,246   1,394 25 4,342   2,308 42 10,664   4,037 74 30,690
More than 6 changes 4,282 59 42,318   1,811 25 5,086   2,918 40 12,485   5,583 77 36,240
                               
Use of paid law enforcement7                              
Regular use 6,612 63 74,019   3,071 29 9,418   4,877 46 22,576   8,422 80 63,750
No regular use 1,931 40 7,422   749 15 1,394   1,290 26 3,938   2,825 58 11,568
                               
Number of serious discipline problems8                              
No problems 1,889 34 8,745   635 12 1,029   1,374 25 4,230   3,266 59 12,238
1 problem 2,267 60 17,357   946 25 2,784   1,696 45 6,205   2,910 77 16,940
2 problems 1,583 68 17,729   791 34 2,270   937 40 3,573   1,849 80 13,843
3 or more problems 2,804 74 37,610   1,449 38 4,729   2,159 57 12,506   3,222 85 32,296
                               
Transfers as percentage of enrollment5,9                              
0 to 6 percent 1,876 48 14,405   697 18 1,769   1,341 35 5,660   2,717 70 13,873
6 to 11 percent 1,865 55 14,959   823 24 1,846   1,415 42 5,363   2,217 65 13,627
11 to 21 percent 2,219 60 23,812   1,056 28 3,089   1,707 46 6,452   2,840 76 22,499
21 percent or more 2,342 59 26,491   1,096 28 3,652   1,566 39 8,448   3,102 78 23,092
                               
Prevalence of schoolwide disruptions5,10                              
No disruptions 6,108 51 56,307   2,511 21 5,827   4,733 40 21,317   8,549 71 54,112
Any disruptions 1,826 73 21,448   974 39 3,951   1,147 46 4,452   2,119 85 17,695
                               
Percent of students absent without excuses                              
None 1,328 48 6,808   580 21 1,311   1,051 38 3,147   1,826 66 8,739
1–2 percent 3,373 53 31,915   1,365 22 3,013   2,538 40 11,483   4,599 73 29,016
3–5 percent 2,172 59 21,188   1,168 32 3,419   1,610 44 6,758   2,830 77 20,723
6–10 percent 1,262 60 16,578   516 25 2,089   762 36 3,383   1,506 72 13,141
More than 10 percent 409 77 4,953   193 36 979   205 38 1,743   485 91 3,699
1 Violent incidents include rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with or without a weapon, threat of physical attack with or without a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
2 Serious violent incidents include rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with a weapon, threat of physical attack with a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
3 Theft/larceny (taking things over $10 without personal confrontation) was defined for respondents as, "the unlawful taking of another person's property without personal confrontation, threat, violence, or bodily harm. Included are pocket picking, stealing purse or backpack (if left unattended or no force was used to take it from owner), theft from a building, theft from a motor vehicle or motor vehicle parts or accessories, theft of bicycles, theft from vending machines, and all other types of thefts."
4 Other incidents include possession of a firearm or explosive device, possession of a knife or sharp object, distribution of illegal drugs, possession or use of alcohol or illegal drugs, sexual harassment, or vandalism.
5 Some schools are omitted from these categories because of missing data on their school characteristics. For this reason, the detailed results do not sum to the totals. See appendix J of 2000 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS) Detailed Data Documentation (NCES 2004-307) for further information.
6 Student/teacher ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time equivalent teachers. The total number of full-time equivalent teachers is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers, including special education teachers, with an adjustment to compensate for the part-time status.
7 Schools were included as regularly using paid law enforcement if they reported the use of paid law enforcement during any of the following times: at any time during school hours, while students were arriving or leaving, at selected school activities (e.g., athletic and social events, open houses, science fairs), or at any other time that the respondent specified.
8 Serious discipline problems is a count of discipline problems reported by principals. These discipline problems include student racial tensions, student bullying, student verbal abuse of teachers, widespread disorder in classrooms, and student acts of disrespect for teachers. If a principal reported that any of these problems occurred daily or weekly in their school, each was counted once in the total number of serious discipline problems. Undesirable gang activities and undesirable cult or extremist group activities were also counted once as a problem if the principal reported that these events occurred at all in their school.
9 Transfers as a percentage of enrollment combines the number of students who were transferred to a school and the number of students who were transferred from a school, divided by the total number of students enrolled in the school.
10 Schoolwide disruptions include actions that disrupted school activities such as bomb threats or anthrax threats. Respondents were instructed to exclude all fire alarms, including false alarms.
NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. "At school/at your school" was defined for respondents as including activities happening in school buildings, on school grounds, on school buses, and at places that are holding school-sponsored events or activities. Respondents were instructed to, unless the survey specified otherwise, only respond for those times that were during normal school hours or when school activities/events were in session. Middle schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 4 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 9.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2000.


Would you like to help us improve our products and website by taking a short survey?

YES, I would like to take the survey

or

No Thanks

The survey consists of a few short questions and takes less than one minute to complete.
National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education