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Table 1.  Number and percentage of public middle schools reporting violent and other incidents of crime with the number of incidents reported, by selected school characteristics: 1999–2000


School characteristic Total Violent incidents1   Serious violent incidents2   Theft3   Other incidents4
Num-
ber of schools
Per-
cent of schools
Num-
ber of incidents
  Num-
ber of schools
Per-
cent of schools
Num-
ber of incidents
  Num-
ber of schools
Per-
cent of schools
Num-
ber of incidents
  Num-
ber of schools
Per-
cent of schools
Num-
ber of incidents
All public middle schools 15,391 13,228 87 435,765   4,483 29 17,743   9,917 65 62,628   13,543 89 168,329
                                 
Enrollment size                                
Less than 300 2,753 2,000 75 28,464   602 22 1,439   1,506 56 6,759   1,968 71 10,558
300–499 3,357 2,994 90 52,959   759 23 2,311   1,899 57 9,734   2,849 85 23,789
500–999 7,319 6,540 90 275,924   2,445 33 9,744   5,042 69 31,331   6,899 95 99,356
1,000 or more1,961 1,694 89 78,418   677 35 4,249   1,471 75 14,804   1,827 95 34,626
                                 
Urbanicity                                
City 3,413 3,138 93 134,674   1,235 36 5,678   2,501 73 20,553   3,234 95 45,658
Urban fringe 5,402 4,601 86 170,980   1,622 30 7,184   3,496 65 23,562   4,773 90 71,780
Town 2,467 2,123 88 59,441   561 23 1,279   1,504 62 6,275   2,107 85 18,441
Rural 4,109 3,365 83 70,671   1,066 26 3,601   2,417 59 12,237   3,430 83 32,449
                                 
Crime level where students live5                                
High 753 698 98 46,676   393 52 2,642   539 72 4,964   730 97 12,479
Moderate 2,573 2,270 88 98,657   942 37 3,486   1,721 67 10,517   2,387 93 41,932
Low 9,919 8,286 85 189,472   2,323 24 5,961   6,077 62 33,581   8,437 85 84,083
Mixed 2,047 1,906 93 100,541   825 40 5,653   1,512 75 13,464   1,890 96 29,147
                                 
Percent minority enrollment5                                
0–5 percent 4,367 3,630 85 64,488   1,088 25 2,714   2,484 57 10,500   3,668 84 32,055
6–20 percent 3,927 3,424 88 100,156   1,059 27 3,574   2,714 69 19,716   3,407 88 44,463
21–50 percent 3,502 3,059 88 121,647   933 27 5,508   2,537 73 17,009   3,195 92 48,385
More than 50 percent 3,449 3,028 89 142,555   1,389 40 5,933   2,111 61 14,557   3,145 92 41,167
                                 
Percent of students eligible for free/reduced-price lunch                                
0–20 percent 4,670 3,829 84 78,599   1,085 23 2,857   3,100 67 18,138   3,961 86 42,192
21–50 percent 6,372 5,587 89 198,196   1,878 29 8,418   4,092 64 27,474   5,702 90 78,260
More than 50 percent 4,349 3,811 89 158,970   1,520 35 6,469   2,726 63 17,015   3,881 89 47,877
                                 
Percent of students below 15th percentile on standardized tests                                
0–5 percent 4,270 3,349 81 87,014   768 18 2,693   2,614 62 14,653   3,559 84 33,814
6–15 percent 6,666 5,944 90 167,342   2,241 34 7,073   4,417 66 27,042   6,086 92 70,221
More than 15 percent 4,455 3,935 89 181,409   1,473 33 7,977   2,886 65 20,933   3,898 89 64,294
                                 
Percent of students likely to attend college                                
0–35 percent 4,330 3,932 91 156,861   1,428 33 6,339   2,904 68 19,785   3,934 91 52,718
36–60 percent 5,679 4,868 88 148,892   1,638 29 7,022   3,389 60 19,167   4,895 86 54,280
More than 60 percent 5,382 4,428 84 130,012   1,416 26 4,383   3,624 68 23,675   4,713 89 61,331
                                 
Percent of students who consider academic achievement important                                
0–25 percent 1,646 1,459 89 52,191   550 33 3,267   1,131 69 8,586   1,452 88 20,664
26–50 percent 3,326 3,014 91 133,306   1,132 34 6,481   2,398 72 16,721   3,167 96 49,959
51–75 percent 5,179 4,550 89 139,234   1,653 32 4,950   3,145 61 16,979   4,551 88 52,634
More than 75 percent 5,240 4,205 82 111,034   1,148 22 3,045   3,243 62 20,343   4,372 85 45,072
                                 
Percent male enrollment                                
0–44 percent 2,075 1,598 77 48,757   536 26 3,487   1,000 48 7,369   1,662 80 17,656
45–55 percent 11,994 10,500 89 367,056   3,421 29 13,176   8,194 69 51,552   10,833 91 140,067
More than 55 percent 1,321 1,129 85 19,951   526 40 1,080   723 55 3,707   1,048 81 10,606
                                 
Student/teacher ratio5,6                                
Less than 12 4,659 4,124 89 109,112   1,214 26 3,842   2,917 63 18,518   4,070 88 41,311
12–16 5,694 4,935 88 174,686   1,489 26 6,205   3,656 65 20,247   5,012 88 66,454
More than 16 4,270 3,601 85 119,214   1,521 36 6,679   2,839 66 20,506   3,853 90 53,557
                                 
Number of classroom changes5                                
0–3 changes 966 627 65 13,768   189 20 418   396 41 918   699 72 4,038
4–6 changes 5,486 4,789 89 147,640   1,638 30 6,842   3,442 64 23,260   4,880 90 65,285
More than 6 changes 7,214 6,309 89 234,481   2,113 29 8,359   4,933 69 30,832   6,459 90 84,087
                                 
Use of paid law enforcement7                                
Regular use 10,509 9,423 91 349,508   3,599 34 15,620   7,336 70 48,604   9,682 93 135,838
No regular use 4,882 3,804 79 86,257   884 18 2,123   2,581 53 14,024   3,861 79 32,491
                                 
Number of serious discipline problems8                                
No problems 5,510 4,115 76 64,652   847 15 2,434   2,545 47 10,432   4,417 80 27,539
1 problem 3,760 3,436 93 89,966   1,079 29 3,370   2,743 73 15,867   3,370 90 37,265
2 problems 2,324 2,045 90 78,257   923 40 4,587   1,538 66 10,689   2,144 93 28,642
3 or more problems 3,797 3,631 97 202,890   1,633 43 7,353   3,092 82 25,639   3,613 97 74,883
                                 
Transfers as percentage of enrollment5,9                                
0 to 6 percent 3,874 3,168 83 69,332   829 21 2,464   2,280 59 11,750   3,375 88 29,268
6 to 11 percent 3,403 2,945 88 75,266   958 29 3,515   2,134 64 13,829   2,925 86 31,232
11 to 21 percent 3,717 3,338 91 118,912   1,233 33 4,597   2,606 70 18,494   3,383 92 54,023
21 percent or more 3,973 3,452 88 160,435   1,292 33 5,915   2,666 67 17,428   3,456 88 47,924
                                 
Prevalence of schoolwide disruptions5,10                                
No disruptions 11,966 10,159 86 312,937   2,976 25 9,141   7,542 64 49,114   10,469 88 124,049
Any disruptions 2,488 2,299 96 105,468   1,171 47 6,444   1,882 76 11,719   2,324 95 35,963
                                 
Percent of students absent without excuses                                
None 2,787 2,200 80 53,611   621 22 1,760   1,646 59 8,097   2,229 80 28,241
1–2 percent 6,319 5,410 86 155,129   1,659 26 5,132   4,032 64 24,626   5,552 88 61,940
3–5 percent 3,656 3,301 91 115,149   1,276 35 5,827   2,440 67 17,506   3,368 93 43,757
6–10 percent 2,096 1,855 92 72,662   735 36 3,444   1,352 66 9,154   1,937 92 24,666
More than 10 percent 534 461 90 39,214   193 36 1,580   447 84 3,246   457 93 9,726
1 Violent incidents include rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with or without a weapon, threat of physical attack with or without a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
2 Serious violent incidents include rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with a weapon, threat of physical attack with a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
3 Theft/larceny (taking things over $10 without personal confrontation) was defined for respondents as, "the unlawful taking of another person's property without personal confrontation, threat, violence, or bodily harm. Included are pocket picking, stealing purse or backpack (if left unattended or no force was used to take it from owner), theft from a building, theft from a motor vehicle or motor vehicle parts or accessories, theft of bicycles, theft from vending machines, and all other types of thefts."
4 Other incidents include possession of a firearm or explosive device, possession of a knife or sharp object, distribution of illegal drugs, possession or use of alcohol or illegal drugs, sexual harassment, or vandalism.
5 Some schools are omitted from these categories because of missing data on their school characteristics. For this reason, the detailed results do not sum to the totals. See appendix J of 2000 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS) Detailed Data Documentation (NCES 2004-307) for further information.
6 Student/teacher ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time equivalent teachers. The total number of full-time equivalent teachers is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers, including special education teachers, with an adjustment to compensate for the part-time status.
7 Schools were included as regularly using paid law enforcement if they reported the use of paid law enforcement during any of the following times: at any time during school hours, while students were arriving or leaving, at selected school activities (e.g., athletic and social events, open houses, science fairs), or at any other time that the respondent specified.
8 Serious discipline problems is a count of discipline problems reported by principals. These discipline problems include student racial tensions, student bullying, student verbal abuse of teachers, widespread disorder in classrooms, and student acts of disrespect for teachers. If a principal reported that any of these problems occurred daily or weekly in their school, each was counted once in the total number of serious discipline problems. Undesirable gang activities and undesirable cult or extremist group activities were also counted once as a problem if the principal reported that these events occurred at all in their school.
9 Transfers as a percentage of enrollment combines the number of students who were transferred to a school and the number of students who were transferred from a school, divided by the total number of students enrolled in the school.
10 Schoolwide disruptions include actions that disrupted school activities such as bomb threats or anthrax threats. Respondents were instructed to exclude all fire alarms, including false alarms.
NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. "At school/at your school" was defined for respondents as including activities happening in school buildings, on school grounds, on school buses, and at places that are holding school-sponsored events or activities. Respondents were instructed to, unless the survey specified otherwise, only respond for those times that were during normal school hours or when school activities/events were in session. Middle schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 4 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 9.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2000.


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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education