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Table 28.  Percentage of public primary schools that had specified practices to monitor school climate, by selected school characteristics: School year 2005–06
 
School characteristic  Require students to wear uniforms   Enforce a strict dress code   Require faculty and staff to wear badges or picture IDs   Provide telephones in most classrooms   Provide two-way radios to any staff   Prohibit all tobacco use on school grounds
All public schools  16   47   51   67   73   88
                       
Enrollment size                       
Less than 300  9   35   28   59   54   90
300–499  13   47   57   70   75   87
500–999  22   54   61   69   83   87
1,000 or more  52   66   48   81   90   80
                       
Urbanicity                       
City  33   58   52   70   78   88
Urban fringe  13   42   63   73   83   88
Town  9 ! 41   44   59   64   87
Rural  5 ! 42   36   58   56   88
                       
Crime level where students live1                       
High  40   60   59   75   78   94
Moderate  26   59   49   66   75   87
Low  9   38   50   66   72   88
Mixed  21   56   53   67   69   81
                       
Percent minority enrollment2                       
Less than 5 percent    30   32   54   60   89
5 to less than 20 percent  5 ! 31   56   71   73   86
20 to less than 50 percent  8   50   63   67   80   93
50 percent or more  39   64   49   70   74   85
                       
Percent of students
eligible for free or
reduced-price lunch 
                     
0–20 percent  4 ! 24   54   80   77   88
21–50 percent  9   46   55   65   73   89
More than 50 percent  27   57   47   62   71   86
                       
Percent of students below 15th
percentile on standardized tests 
                     
0–5 percent  12   38   51   68   73   90
6–15 percent  13   49   53   66   74   85
More than 15 percent  30   57   47   67   71   88
                       
Percent of students likely
to attend college 
                     
0–35 percent  23   55   49   67   70   86
36–60 percent  15   50   48   62   69   89
More than 60 percent  13   38   54   70   78   88
                       
Percent of students who consider
academic achievement important 
                     
0–25 percent  26   52   46   84   76   79
26–50 percent  21   48   45   58   63   84
51–75 percent  18   52   51   65   75   89
More than 75 percent  13   43   54   69   75   89
                       
Percent male enrollment                       
0–44 percent  25   51   62   64   74   88
45–55 percent  16   47   51   69   75   88
More than 55 percent  15   44   43   58   61   83
                       
Student-to-FTE ratio3                       
Less than 12 students  13   44   49   62   66   86
12–16 students  17   47   53   68   80   88
More than 16 students  24   55   51   80   81   91
                       
Number of classroom changes4                       
0–3 changes  21   47   45   68   70   84
4–6 changes  13   44   56   65   76   91
More than 6 changes  11   53   51   70   71   86
                       
Regular use of law enforcement5                       
Regular use  27   54   55   62   76   90
No regular use  13   44   49   69   72   87
                       
Number of serious
discipline problems6 
                     
No problems  14   44   51   67   73   87
1 problem  20   52   47   74   74   89
2 problems  17   51   62   66   71   88
3 or more problems  37   69   45   54   69   95
                       
Transfers as a percentage
of enrollment7 
                     
Less than 6 percent  9 ! 31   44   72   76   93
6 to less than 11 percent  10   41   55   70   72   84
11 to less than 21 percent  19   43   43   66   68   86
21 percent or more  22   60   57   63   76   89
                       
Prevalence of schoolwide
disruptions8 
                     
No disruptions  16   46   50   67   72   88
Any disruptions  24 ! 52   60   76   88   87
                       
Percent of students
absent on a daily basis 
                     
0–2 percent  12   36   51   66   72   87
3–5 percent  17   47   52   68   74   89
6–10 percent  19   49   49   64   71   84
More than 10 percent  16 ! 52   50   70   71   90
                       
Prevalence of violent incidents9                       
No violent incidents  10   37   46   64   64   87
Any violent incidents  19   51   53   68   77   88
! Interpret data with caution. The standard error for this estimate is from 30 percent to 50 percent of the estimate’s value.
‡ Reporting standards not met. The standard error for this estimate is equal to 50 percent or more of the estimate's value.
1 Respondents were asked, "How would you describe the crime level in the area(s) in which your students live?" Response options included "high level of crime," "moderate level of crime," "low level of crime," and "students come from areas with very different levels of crime."
2 Responding schools that did not have race/ethnicity on the sampling frame (2 percent of schools) are excluded from the base.
3 Student-to-FTE ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides. The total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers and aides, including special education teachers and aides, with an adjustment to compensate for the part-time status.
4 Respondents were asked, "How many classroom changes do most students make in a typical day?" Responses exclude morning arrival and afternoon departure.
5 Respondents were asked, "During the 2005–2006 school year, did you have any sworn law enforcement officers, security guards, or security personnel present at your school at least once a week?"
6 Serious discipline problems include student racial tensions, student bullying, student sexual harassment of other students, student verbal abuse of teachers, widespread disorder in classrooms, student acts of disrespect for
teachers, gang activities, and cult or extremist group activities. If a respondent reported that any of these problems occurred daily or weekly in their school, each was counted once in the total number of serious discipline
problems.
7 Transfers as a percentage of enrollment combines the number of students who were transferred to a school and the number of students who were transferred from a school divided by the total number of students enrolled in
the school.
8 Schoolwide disruptions include actions that disrupted school activities such as death threats, bomb threats, and chemical, biological, or radiological threats. Respondents were instructed to exclude all fire alarms, including
false alarms.
9 Violent incidents include rape or attempted rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with or without a weapon, threat of physical attack with or without a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
NOTE: Responses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about crime and safety issues at the school. Detail may not sum to totals, because schools may have reported using more than one of
these practices. Primary schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not higher than grade 3 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 8.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), 2005–06 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2006.


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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education