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Table 24.  Number and percentage of public primary schools with a written plan for responding to at least one crisis situation that drilled students on that plan, and the percentage of schools with specified types of crisis response plans that drilled students on that plan, by selected school characteristics: School year 2005–06
  Schools with a written plan for
responding to at least one crisis
that drilled students on that plan
  Percentage of schools with specified types of crisis
response plans that drilled students on that plan
School characteristic  Number Percent   Shootings Natural disasters1 Hostages Bomb threats or incidents Chemical, biological, or radio-
logical threats or incidents2
All public schools  43,800 92   52 90 47 59 42
                 
Enrollment size                 
Less than 300  10,500 91   41 91 38 53 39
300–499  16,000 93   53 90 51 57 39
500–999  16,100 92   57 89 50 63 45
1,000 or more  1,100 91   57 83 54 76 53
                 
Urbanicity                 
City  12,900 93   54 90 49 63 47
Urban fringe  15,500 90   56 86 51 60 51
Town  3,900 92   61 90 48 59 36
Rural  11,500 94   40 94 42 53 23
                 
Crime level where students live3                 
High  3,700 89   55 82 44 62 43
Moderate  9,100 94   58 91 50 65 49
Low  25,900 91   48 90 46 55 39
Mixed  5,100 94   58 92 55 64 43
                 
Percent minority enrollment4                 
Less than 5 percent  7,800 96   38 93 41 49 35
5 to less than 20 percent  10,000 88   51 87 51 58 39
20 to less than 50 percent  9,600 91   60 89 51 64 47
50 percent or more  15,400 94   56 89 46 63 46
                 
Percent of students
eligible for free or
reduced-price lunch 
               
0–20 percent  9,200 87   51 83 48 49 39
21–50 percent  13,400 95   50 94 52 60 45
More than 50 percent  21,100 93   53 90 44 63 41
                 
Percent of students below 15th
percentile on standardized tests 
               
0–5 percent  16,800 93   47 90 47 57 40
6–15 percent  16,900 91   56 89 51 61 43
More than 15 percent  10,100 92   52 89 41 60 43
                 
Percent of students likely
to attend college 
               
0–35 percent  12,900 95   55 90 45 60 40
36–60 percent  13,900 94   45 94 41 57 31
More than 60 percent  17,000 89   55 86 54 59 51
                 
Percent of students who consider
academic achievement important 
               
0–25 percent  2,300 90   50 89 45 65 51
26–50 percent  7,700 95   58 93 54 63 37
51–75 percent  12,000 92   51 89 42 57 38
More than 75 percent  21,800 91   51 89 48 58 44
                 
Percent male enrollment                 
0–44 percent  2,600 89   54 87 33 53 41
45–55 percent  35,100 92   52 89 49 58 43
More than 55 percent  6,100 96   51 92 44 69 34
                 
Student-to-FTE ratio5                 
Less than 12 students  21,500 91   48 89 43 60 40
12–16 students  14,200 93   55 91 50 58 42
More than 16 students  8,000 94   56 90 54 58 46
                 
Number of classroom changes6                 
0–3 changes  18,700 93   54 91 51 62 44
4–6 changes  19,900 91   54 89 47 59 44
More than 6 changes  5,100 91   38 87 40 46 26
                 
Regular use of law enforcement7                 
Regular use  11,400 92   51 91 52 65 46
No regular use  32,300 92   52 89 46 57 40
                 
Number of serious
discipline problems8 
               
No problems  32,900 92   53 90 49 60 44
1 problem  5,600 92   46 87 46 55 40
2 problems  3,200 93   48 93 29 57 24
3 or more problems  2,100 93   52 93 43 61 39
                 
Transfers as a percentage
of enrollment9 
               
Less than 6 percent  7,000 90   52 87 45 55 40
6 to less than 11 percent  9,700 95   46 93 47 62 45
11 to less than 21 percent  11,400 90   54 91 50 53 39
21 percent or more  15,700 93   54 88 47 63 42
                 
Prevalence of schoolwide
disruptions10 
               
No disruptions  41,800 92   52 89 47 58 42
Any disruptions  1,900 100   48 100 64 79 31
                 
Percent of students
absent on a daily basis 
               
0–2 percent  5,600 96   57 97 50 69 58
3–5 percent  24,800 92   52 89 50 57 40
6–10 percent  10,200 91   48 88 41 59 39
More than 10 percent  3,200 93   52 90 41 57 41
                 
Prevalence of violent incidents11                 
No violent incidents  14,100 91   47 87 44 55 40
Any violent incidents  29,600 93   54 91 49 61 42
1 Examples of natural disasters provided to respondents were earthquakes or tornadoes.
2 Examples of chemical, biological, or radiological threats or incidents provided to respondents were the release of mustard gas, anthrax, smallpox, or radioactive materials.
3 Respondents were asked, "How would you describe the crime level in the area(s) in which your students live?" Response options included "high level of crime," "moderate level of crime," "low level of crime," and "students come from areas with very different levels of crime."
4 Responding schools that did not have race/ethnicity on the sampling frame (2 percent of schools) are excluded from the base.
5 Student-to-FTE ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides. The total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers and aides, including special education teachers and aides, with an adjustment to compensate for the part-time status.
6 Respondents were asked, "How many classroom changes do most students make in a typical day?" Responses exclude morning arrival and afternoon departure.
7 Respondents were asked, "During the 2005–2006 school year, did you have any sworn law enforcement officers, security guards, or security personnel present at your school at least once a week?"
8 Serious discipline problems include student racial tensions, student bullying, student sexual harassment of other students, student verbal abuse of teachers, widespread disorder in classrooms, student acts of disrespect for teachers, gang activities, and cult or extremist group activities. If a respondent reported that any of these problems occurred daily or weekly in their school, each was counted once in the total number of serious discipline problems.
9 Transfers as a percentage of enrollment combines the number of students who were transferred to a school and the number of students who were transferred from a school divided by the total number of students enrolled in the school.
10 Schoolwide disruptions include actions that disrupted school activities such as death threats, bomb threats, and chemical, biological, or radiological threats. Respondents were instructed to exclude all fire alarms, including false alarms.
11 Violent incidents include rape or attempted rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with or without a weapon, threat of physical attack with or without a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
NOTE: Respondents were included as having a written plan for responding to at least one crisis situation if they reported that they had a written plan that described procedures for any of the following: school shootings; natural disasters; hostages; bomb threats or incidents; or chemical, biological, or radiological threats or incidents. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Responses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about crime and safety issues at the school. Primary schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not higher than grade 3 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 8.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), 2005–06 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2006.


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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education