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Table 24.  Number and percentage of public primary schools with a written plan for responding to at least one crisis situation that drilled students on that plan, and the percentage of schools with specified types of crisis response plans that drilled students on that plan, by selected school characteristics: School year 2003–04


  Schools with a written plan for responding    Percentage of schools with specified types of crisis response plans that drilled students on that plan 
School characteristic  Number of schools  Percent of schools    Shootings  Natural1 Hostages  Bomb threats or incidents  Chemical, biological, or radiological threats or incidents2
All public schools  42,584 88   48 85 45 56 40
                 
Enrollment size                 
Less than 300  9,615 80   41 75 36 47 34
300–499  15,584 91   47 88 45 54 39
500–999  16,116 92   52 88 48 61 44
1,000 or more  1,268 94   64 89 69 67 72
                 
Urbanicity                 
City  12,356 91   51 88 49 63 45
Urban fringe  14,989 89   55 86 50 61 47
Town  4,409 87   37 81 38 34 25
Rural  10,830 85   40 83 37 48 31
                 
Crime level where students live3                 
High  3,743 93   51 91 50 56 46
Moderate  7,987 89   50 84 43 57 36
Low  25,089 87   47 84 46 55 42
Mixed  5,764 88   47 85 39 57 34
                 
Percent minority enrollment4                 
Less than 5 percent  7,442 82   35 76 35 41 29
5 to 20 percent  10,799 92   52 90 47 54 39
20 to 50 percent  9,656 89   50 87 48 59 45
50 percent or more  13,560 88   51 84 46 61 44
                 
Percent of students eligible for free or reduced-price lunch                 
0–20 percent  9,626 89   53 87 49 55 42
21–50 percent  13,890 88   44 84 40 53 37
More than 50 percent  19,068 88   48 85 46 57 42
                 
Percent of students below 15th percentile on standardized tests                 
0–5 percent  13,684 90   49 90 43 55 42
6–15 percent  17,532 87   46 81 43 53 39
More than 15 percent  11,367 89   51 86 50 60 41
                 
Percent of students likely to attend college                 
               
0–35 percent  14,456 91   49 87 48 59 43
36–60 percent  11,983 88   49 85 47 55 38
More than 60 percent  16,146 86   47 84 41 53 41
                 
Percent of students who consider academic achievement important                 
0–25 percent  3,292 84   42 75 40 56 38
26–50 percent  9,070 90   49 85 51 59 43
51–75 percent  11,747 87   46 85 42 50 35
More than 75 percent  18,475 89   49 87 45 57 43
                 
Percent male enrollment                 
0–44 percent  2,902 95   56 95 59 67 62
45–55 percent  33,764 87   46 83 43 53 39
More than 55 percent  5,918 96   56 94 46 67 39
                 
Student-to-teacher ratio5                 
Less than 12 students  17,583 86   44 81 40 54 36
12–16 students  16,864 90   48 87 47 56 42
More than 16 students  8,138 91   58 90 53 59 46
                 
Number of classroom changes6                
0–3 changes  17,196 89   49 85 49 60 46
4–6 changes  20,675 88   47 85 41 53 36
More than 6 changes  4,714 85   48 83 45 52 38
                 
Regular use of law enforcement7                
Regular use  14,675 89   49 87 46 57 45
No regular use  27,909 88   47 84 44 55 38
                 
Number of serious discipline problems8                  
No problems  30,051 89   49 87 46 57 42
1 problem  7,173 82   38 78 42 52 30
2 problems  3,200 89   43 83 33 43 38
3 or more problems  2,160 95   68 80 60 68 59
                 
Transfers as a percentage of enrollment9                 
                 
0 to 6 percent  6,827 82   41 79 39 52 37
6 to 11 percent  9,083 88   48 83 48 55 42
11 to 21 percent  13,237 91   45 88 43 52 38
21 percent or more  13,436 90   54 87 48 61 43
                 
Prevalence of schoolwide disruptions10                
No disruptions  41,222 88   47 85 44 55 40
Any disruptions  1,362 89   58 79 54 67 49
                 
Percent of students absent on a daily basis                 
0–2 percent  4,726 90   53 91 47 55 48
3–5 percent  26,028 88   47 85 45 52 39
6–10 percent  9,966 88   49 82 43 62 41
More than 10 percent  1,864 92   45 84 46 70 47
                 
Prevalence of violent incidents11                
No violent incidents  10,393 85   45 84 47 55 40
Any violent incidents  32,191 90   49 85 44 56 40
1 Examples of natural disasters provided to respondents were earthquakes or tornadoes.
2 Examples of chemical, biological, or radiological threats or incidents provided to respondents were the release of mustard gas, anthrax, smallpox, or radioactive materials.
3 Respondents were asked, "How would you describe the crime level in the area(s) in which your students live?" Response options included "high level of crime," "moderate level of crime," "low level of crime," and "students come from areas with very different levels of crime."
4 These estimates exclude data from Tennessee because schools in this state did not report estimates of student race.
5 Student-to-teacher ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides. The total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers and aides, including special education teachers and aides, with an adjustment to compensate for the part-time status.
6 Respondents were asked, "How many classroom changes do most students make in a typical day?" Responses exclude morning arrival and afternoon departure.
7 Respondents were asked, "During the 2003–2004 school year, did you have any sworn law enforcement officers, security guards, or security personnel present at your school on a regular basis?"
8 Serious discipline problems include student racial tensions, student bullying, student sexual harassment of other students, student verbal abuse of teachers, widespread disorder in classrooms, student acts of disrespect for teachers, gang activities, and cult or extremist group activities. If a respondent reported that any of these problems occurred daily or weekly in their school, each was counted once in the total number of serious discipline problems.
9 Transfers as a percentage of enrollment combines the number of students who were transferred to a school and the number of students who were transferred from a school divided by the total number of students enrolled in the school.
10 Schoolwide disruptions include actions that disrupted school activities such as death threats, bomb threats, and chemical, biological, or radiological threats. Respondents were instructed to exclude all fire alarms,including false alarms.
11 Violent incidents include rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with or without a weapon, threat of physical attack with or without a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
NOTE: Respondents were included as having a written plan for responding to at least one crisis situation if they reported that they had a written plan that described procedures for any of the following:school shootings; natural disasters; hostages; bomb threats; or chemical, biological, or radiological threats or incidents. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Responses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about crime and safety issues at school.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2004.


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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education