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Table 23.  Number and percentage of public primary schools with a written plan for responding to at least one crisis situation, and the percentage of schools with specified types of crisis response plans, by selected characteristics: School year 2003–04


School characteristic Schools with a written plan for responding to at least one crisis situation   Percentage of schools with specified types of crisis response plans
Number of schools Percent of schools   Shootings Natural disasters1 Hostages Bomb threats or incidents Chemical, biological, or radiological threats or incidents2
All public schools  48,215 99   76 97 73 95 71
                 
Enrollment size                 
Less than 300  12,050 97   69 94 66 91 63
300–499  17,203 99   78 98 75 94 74
500–999  17,606 100   79 98 76 97 72
1,000 or more  1,356 100   67 100 75 96 75
                 
Urbanicity                 
City  13,576 100   72 98 67 95 74
Urban fringe  16,777 99   77 98 78 97 74
Town  5,069 99   74 97 72 96 64
Rural  12,793 97   77 94 73 91 65
                 
Crime level where students live3                 
High  4,007 100   85 98 80 93 70
Moderate  8,956 99   69 97 67 94 72
Low  28,725 98   75 96 73 94 70
Mixed  6,527 100   81 100 77 99 72
                 
Percent minority enrollment4                 
Less than 5 percent  9,068 99   82 97 77 96 74
5 to 20 percent  11,802 99   75 96 78 97 68
20 to 50 percent  10,790 99   71 98 71 91 69
50 percent or more  15,428 98   75 96 67 94 72
                 
Percent of students eligible for free or reduced-price lunch                 
0–20 percent  10,780 98   76 96 74 93 71
21–50 percent  15,784 100   78 97 80 96 75
More than 50 percent  21,651 99   73 97 68 94 67
                 
Percent of students below 15th percentile on standardized tests                 
0–5 percent  15,173 99   72 98 74 94 70
6–15 percent  20,231 99   79 97 74 94 72
More than 15 percent  12,811 99   74 97 70 95 68
                 
Percent of students likely to attend college                 
0–35 percent  15,833 97   68 96 65 91 60
36–60 percent  13,597 99   78 97 81 98 77
More than 60 percent  18,785 100   80 97 74 95 75
                 
Percent of students who consider academic achievement important                 
0–25 percent  3,928 95   62 92 55 85 54
26–50 percent  10,084 97   73 95 70 94 66
51–75 percent  13,426 100   71 98 72 97 72
More than 75 percent  20,778 100   82 98 79 95 75
                 
Percent male enrollment                 
0–44 percent  3,060 97   72 93 70 90 64
45–55 percent  38,975 99   76 97 74 96 71
More than 55 percent  6,181 98   76 97 69 91 70
                 
Student-to-teacher ratio5                
Less than 12 students  20,562 97   75 95 74 92 71
12–16 students  18,758 100   78 98 74 97 71
More than 16 students  8,895 100   72 98 69 94 69
                 
Number of classroom changes6                
0–3 changes  19,247 98   76 97 71 93 72
4–6 changes  23,433 99   74 97 72 96 69
More than 6 changes  5,535 100   82 97 81 94 72
                 
Regular use of law enforcement7                  
Regular use  16,493 100   79 97 79 96 74
No regular use  31,723 98   74 97 70 94 69
                 
Number of serious discipline problems8                  
No problems  33,626 98   77 96 74 95 71
1 problem  8,722 100   66 98 70 94 73
2 problems  3,595 100   84 99 79 93 72
3 or more problems  2,273 100   68 100 63 92 55
                 
Transfers as a percentage of enrollment9                 
0 to 6 percent  8,357 99   74 97 70 94 73
6 to 11 percent  10,372 98   75 95 75 92 74
11 to 21 percent  14,616 100   79 99 77 97 70
21 percent or more  14,870 98   74 96 69 94 67
                 
Prevalence of schoolwide disruptions10                
No disruptions  46,682 99   75 97 73 94 70
Any disruptions  1,534 100   85 100 80 100 89
                 
Percent of students absent on a daily basis                 
0–2 percent  5,224 98   78 95 70 90 64
3–5 percent  29,595 99   77 97 76 96 73
6–10 percent  11,374 98   72 96 68 94 66
More than 10 percent  2,023 100   73 100 66 95 75
                 
Prevalence of violent incidents11                
No violent incidents  12,256 97   76 94 72 90 67
Any violent incidents  35,959 99   75 98 73 96 72
1 Examples of natural disasters provided to respondents were earthquakes or tornadoes.
2 Examples of chemical, biological, or radiological threats or incidents provided to respondents were the release of mustard gas, anthrax, smallpox, or radioactive materials.
3 Respondents were asked, "How would you describe the crime level in the area(s) in which your students live?" Response options included "high level of crime," "moderate level of crime," "low level of crime," and "students come from areas with very different levels of crime."
4 These estimates exclude data from Tennessee because schools in this state did not report estimates of student race.
5 Student-to-teacher ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides. The total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers and aides, including special education teachers and aides, with an adjustment to compensate for the part-time status.
6 Respondents were asked, "How many classroom changes do most students make in a typical day?" Responses exclude morning arrival and afternoon departure.
7 Respondents were asked, "During the 2003–2004 school year, did you have any sworn law enforcement officers, security guards, or security personnel present at your school on a regular basis?"
8 Serious discipline problems include student racial tensions, student bullying, student sexual harassment of other students, student verbal abuse of teachers, widespread disorder in classrooms, student acts of disrespect for teachers, gang activities, and cult or extremist group activities. If a respondent reported that any of these problems occurred daily or weekly in their school, each was counted once in the total number of serious discipline problems.
9 Transfers as a percentage of enrollment combines the number of students who were transferred to a school and the number of students who were transferred from a school divided by the total number of students enrolled in the school.
10 Schoolwide disruptions include actions that disrupted school activities such as death threats, bomb threats, and chemical, biological, or radiological threats. Respondents were instructed to exclude all fire alarms,including false alarms.
11 Violent incidents include rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with or without a weapon, threat of physical attack with or without a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
NOTE: Respondents were included as having a written plan for responding to at least one crisis situation if they reported that they had a written plan that described procedures for any of the following: school shootings;natural disasters; hostages; bomb threats; or chemical, biological, or radiological threats or incidents. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Responses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about crime and safety issues at school.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2004.


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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education