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Table 17.  Number of students in public primary schools involved in the distribution, possession, or use of alcohol or illegal drugs at school, and the number and percentage of students receiving various disciplinary actions, by selected school characteristics: School year 2003–04


      Disciplinary actions taken for students involved in the distribution, possession, or use of alcohol or illegal drugs at school
  Total students involved in recorded offenses   Removals without continuing services   Transfers to specialized schools1   Out-of-school suspensions lasting 5 or more days   Other disciplinary action2
School characteristic Number   Number Percent   Number Percent   Number Percent   Number Percent
All public schools  5,318   110 2   1,334 26   2,192 42   1,560 30
                           
Enrollment size                           
Less than 300  1,057   # #   637 60   101 10   319 30
300–499  2,088   110 5   365 17   1,008 48   606 29
500–999  1,544   # #   197 14   996 70   228 16
1,000 or more  629   # #   135 21   88 14   407 65
                           
Urbanicity                           
City  677   # #   80 12   433 64   163 24
Urban fringe  2,014   # #   116 6   1,326 66   572 28
Town  821   110 13   112 14   433 53   165 20
Rural  1,807   # #   1,025 61   # #   659 39
                           
Crime level where students live3                           
High  289   # #   # #   289 100   # #
Moderate  977   # #   505 59   146 17   205 24
Low  3,413   110 3   723 21   1,656 49   924 27
Mixed  639   # #   106 17   101 16   432 68
                           
Percent minority enrollment4                           
Less than 5 percent  2,078   # #   151 8   1,254 64   550 28
5 to 20 percent  504   110 22   116 23   277 55   # #
20 to 50 percent  908   # #   212 23   58 6   637 70
50 percent or more  1,108   # #   505 46   491 44   112 10
                           
Percent of students eligible for free or reduced-price lunch                           
                         
                         
0–20 percent  1,113   # #   116 10   630 57   367 33
21–50 percent  1,724   110 6   263 15   1,128 65   223 13
More than 50 percent  2,481   # #   954 40   435 18   970 41
                           
Percent of students below 15th percentile on standardized tests                           
                         
0–5 percent  1,598   # #   164 10   792 50   642 40
6–15 percent  2,116   110 5   495 23   912 43   600 28
More than 15 percent  1,603   # #   675 46   489 33   318 21
                           
Percent of students likely to attend college                           
                         
0–35 percent  1,166   # #   431 41   298 29   316 30
36–60 percent  2,081   # #   563 27   964 46   554 27
More than 60 percent  2,071   110 5   340 16   930 45   690 33
                           
Percent of students who consider academic achievement important                           
                         
0–25 percent  409   # #   135 33   72 18   202 49
26–50 percent  1,845   # #   356 21   950 55   417 24
51–75 percent  775   110 14   494 64   58 7   112 15
More than 75 percent  2,289   # #   348 15   1,112 49   829 36
                           
Percent male enrollment                           
0–44 percent  346   # #   # #   168 75   56 25
45–55 percent  4,599   # #   1,334 29   1,966 43   1,299 28
More than 55 percent  373   110 30   # #   58 16   205 55
                           
Student-to-teacher ratio5                           
Less than 12 students  3,049   # #   1,056 35   1,119 37   875 29
12–16 students  2,155   110 5   278 14   1,015 50   629 31
More than 16 students  114   # #   # #   58 51   56 49
                           
Number of classroom changes6                           
0–3 changes  667   # #   170 25   332 50   165 25
4–6 changes  3,400   110 3   1,094 32   1,005 30   1,191 35
More than 6 changes  1,251   # #   70 6   855 76   205 18
                           
Regular use of law enforcement7                           
Regular use  3,768   # #   965 26   1,538 41   1,266 34
No regular use  1,550   110 8   369 26   655 46   294 21
                           
Number of serious discipline problems8                           
                         
No problems  3,360   # #   723 22   1,281 40   1,234 38
1 problem  1,768   # #   611 35   831 47   326 18
2 problems  110   110 100   # #   # #   # #
3 or more problems  80   # #   # #   80 100   # #
                           
Transfers as a percentage of enrollment9                           
                         
0 to 6 percent  128   # #   128 100   # #   # #
6 to 11 percent  1,796   # #   267 15   792 44   737 41
11 to 21 percent  474   110 23   81 17   282 60   # #
21 percent or more  2,920   # #   858 31   1,118 40   823 29
                           
Prevalence of schoolwide disruptions10                           
                         
No disruptions  5,145   110 2   1,334 27   2,019 40   1,560 31
Any disruptions  173   # #   # #   173 100   # #
                           
Percent of students absent on a daily basis                           
                         
0–2 percent  167   # #   # #   57 34   110 66
3–5 percent  2,398   110 5   1,087 45   653 27   547 23
6–10 percent  2,574   # #   247 10   1,482 58   846 33
More than 10 percent  179   # #   # #   # #   57 100
                           
Prevalence of violent incidents11                           
No violent incidents  393   # #   116 30   277 70   # #
Any violent incidents  4,926   110 2   1,218 25   1,916 40   1,560 32
# Rounds to zero.
1 Specialized school was defined for respondents as "a school that is specifically for students who were referred for disciplinary reasons. The school may also have students who were referred for other reasons. The school may be at the same location as your school."
2 Other disciplinary actions include suspension less than 5 days, detention, etc.
3 Respondents were asked, "How would you describe the crime level in the area(s) in which your students live?" Response options included "high level of crime," "moderate level of crime," "low level of crime,"and "students come from areas with very different levels of crime."
4 These estimates exclude data from Tennessee because schools in this state did not report estimates of student race.
5 Student-to-teacher ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides. The total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers and aides, including special education teachers and aides, with an adjustment to compensate for the part-time status.
6 Respondents were asked, "How many classroom changes do most students make in a typical day?" Responses exclude morning arrival and afternoon departure.
7 Respondents were asked, "During the 2003–2004 school year, did you have any sworn law enforcement officers, security guards, or security personnel present at your school on a regular basis?"
8 Serious discipline problems include student racial tensions, student bullying, student sexual harassment of other students, student verbal abuse of teachers, widespread disorder in classrooms, student acts of disrespect for teachers, gang activities, and cult or extremist group activities. If a respondent reported that any of these problems occurred daily or weekly in their school, each was counted once in the total number of serious discipline problems.
9 Transfers as a percentage of enrollment combines the number of students who were transferred to a school and the number of students who were transferred from a school divided by the total number of students enrolled in the school.
10 Schoolwide disruptions include actions that disrupted school activities such as death threats, bomb threats, and chemical, biological, or radiological threats. Respondents were instructed to exclude all fire alarms,including false alarms.
11 Violent incidents include rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with or without a weapon, threat of physical attack with or without a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
NOTE: The numbers of students involved in offenses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about discipline issues at the school. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Responses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about crime and safety issues at school.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2004.


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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education