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Table 16.  Number of students in public primary schools involved in the use or possession of a weapon other than a firearm at school, and the number and percentage of students receiving various disciplinary actions, by selected school characteristics: School year 2003–04


      Disciplinary actions taken for students involved in the use or possession of a weapon other than a firearm at school
  Total students involved in recorded offenses   Removals without continuing services   Transfers to specialized schools1   Out-of-school suspensions lasting 5 or more days   Other disciplinary action2
School characteristic Number   Number Percent   Number Percent   Number Percent   Number Percent
All public schools  20,295   180 1   774 4   4,878 26   13,158 69
                           
Enrollment size                           
Less than 300  1,886   106 7   # #   529 34   933 60
300–499  8,927   73 1   322 4   1,889 22   6,247 73
500–999  8,548   # #   396 5   1,867 23   5,846 72
1,000 or more  933   # #   56 7   592 76   131 17
                           
Urbanicity                           
City  10,904   # #   602 6   2,322 22   7,606 72
Urban fringe  4,719   73 2   114 3   1,814 41   2,375 54
Town  1,936   # #   # #   340 18   1,596 82
Rural  2,735   106 5   57 3   402 19   1,582 74
                           
Crime level where students live3                           
High  2,363   # #   224 9   903 38   1,236 52
Moderate  4,447   # #   137 3   1,529 35   2,667 62
Low  6,022   106 2   115 2   1,602 30   3,443 65
Mixed  7,463   73 1   297 4   844 12   5,812 83
                           
Percent minority enrollment4                           
Less than 5 percent  1,484   106 9   # #   165 15   854 76
5 to 20 percent  2,756   # #   115 5   436 17   1,978 78
20 to 50 percent  3,616   73 2   # #   1,389 42   1,869 56
50 percent or more  12,324   # #   658 5   2,887 24   8,457 70
                           
Percent of students eligible for free or reduced-price lunch                          
                         
                         
0–20 percent  1,364   # #   58 4   190 14   1,115 82
21–50 percent  4,548   # #   57 2   1,059 28   2,656 70
More than 50 percent  14,383   180 1   658 5   3,628 26   9,387 68
                           
Percent of students below 15th percentile on standardized tests                          
                         
0–5 percent  3,600   # #   57 2   981 29   2,350 69
6–15 percent  6,406   73 1   307 5   1,826 32   3,520 61
More than 15 percent  10,289   106 1   410 4   2,070 21   7,288 74
                           
Percent of students likely to attend college                          
                         
0–35 percent  11,466   73 1   354 3   2,290 21   7,936 74
36–60 percent  4,909   106 2   168 4   1,413 32   2,786 62
More than 60 percent  3,920   # #   252 7   1,174 30   2,436 63
                           
Percent of students who consider academic achievement important                           
                         
0–25 percent  2,131   # #   112 5   342 17   1,618 78
26–50 percent  8,688   # #   298 4   2,219 28   5,365 68
51–75 percent  4,755   73 2   114 2   676 15   3,719 81
More than 75 percent  4,721   106 2   250 6   1,641 37   2,456 55
                           
Percent male enrollment                           
0–44 percent  1,088   # #   # #   314 47   357 53
45–55 percent  12,414   106 1   475 4   3,594 30   7,786 65
More than 55 percent  6,793   73 1   299 5   970 15   5,015 79
                           
Student-to-teacher ratio5                           
Less than 12 students  6,671   180 3   138 2   1,640 27   4,184 68
12–16 students  10,735   # #   522 5   2,139 21   7,357 73
More than 16 students  2,888   # #   114 4   1,099 39   1,617 57
                           
Number of classroom changes6                           
0–3 changes  5,482   # #   364 7   1,759 34   3,054 59
4–6 changes  12,073   180 2   298 3   2,092 19   8,596 77
More than 6 changes  2,740   # #   112 4   1,027 39   1,508 57
                           
Regular use of law enforcement7                           
Regular use  8,157   # #   338 5   2,772 38   4,230 58
No regular use  12,138   180 2   436 4   2,105 18   8,928 77
                           
Number of serious discipline problems8                           
                         
No problems  9,418   106 1   532 6   3,091 35   5,022 57
1 problem  7,745   73 1   241 3   1,121 15   5,987 81
2 problems  957   # #   # #   349 36   608 64
3 or more problems  2,175   # #   # #   317 17   1,541 83
                           
Transfers as a percentage of enrollment9                          
                         
0 to 6 percent  1,593   # #   80 5   447 28   1,065 67
6 to 11 percent  2,251   # #   56 3   927 43   1,151 54
11 to 21 percent  4,876   # #   340 7   1,440 30   3,023 63
21 percent or more  11,575   180 2   297 3   2,063 20   7,919 76
                           
Prevalence of schoolwide disruptions10                           
                         
No disruptions  18,877   180 1   662 4   4,629 26   12,101 69
Any disruptions  1,417   # #   112 8   249 18   1,057 75
                           
Percent of students absent on a daily basis                          
                         
0–2 percent  975   # #   57 6   522 53   396 41
3–5 percent  12,714   180 2   436 4   2,592 22   8,602 73
6–10 percent  6,059   # #   224 4   1,594 28   3,953 68
More than 10 percent  547   # #   56 13   170 39   207 48
                           
Prevalence of violent incidents11                           
No violent incidents  793   # #   57 7   297 37   439 55
Any violent incidents  19,502   180 1   716 4   4,581 25   12,719 70
# Rounds to zero.
1 Specialized school was defined for respondents as "a school that is specifically for students who were referred for disciplinary reasons. The school may also have students who were referred for other reasons. The school may be at the same location as your school."
2 Other disciplinary actions include suspension less than 5 days, detention, etc.
3 Respondents were asked, "How would you describe the crime level in the area(s) in which your students live?" Response options included "high level of crime," "moderate level of crime," "low level of crime," and "students come from areas with very different levels of crime."
4 These estimates exclude data from Tennessee because schools in this state did not report estimates of student race.
5 Student-to-teacher ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides. The total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers and aides, including special education teachers and aides, with an adjustment to compensate for the part-time status.
6 Respondents were asked, "How many classroom changes do most students make in a typical day?" Responses exclude morning arrival and afternoon departure.
7 Respondents were asked, "During the 2003–2004 school year, did you have any sworn law enforcement officers, security guards, or security personnel present at your school on a regular basis?"
8 Serious discipline problems include student racial tensions, student bullying, student sexual harassment of other students, student verbal abuse of teachers, widespread disorder in classrooms, student acts of disrespect for teachers, gang activities, and cult or extremist group activities. If a respondent reported that any of these problems occurred daily or weekly in their school, each was counted once in the total number of serious discipline problems.
9 Transfers as a percentage of enrollment combines the number of students who were transferred to a school and the number of students who were transferred from a school divided by the total number of students enrolled in the school.
10 Schoolwide disruptions include actions that disrupted school activities such as death threats, bomb threats, and chemical, biological, or radiological threats. Respondents were instructed to exclude all fire alarms, including false alarms.
11 Violent incidents include rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with or without a weapon, threat of physical attack with or without a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
NOTE: The numbers of students involved in offenses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about discipline issues at the school. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Responses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about crime and safety issues at school.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2004.


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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education