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Table 13.  Percentage of public primary schools reporting that specified disciplinary actions were allowable, by selected school characteristics: School year 2003–04


  Percentage of schools allowing specific disciplinary action 
School characteristic  Referral to school counselor Assigned to program to reduce disciplinary problems during school hours Assigned to program to reduce disciplinary problems outside of school hours Kept off school bus due to misbehavior Corporal punishment Put on school probation Detention and/or Saturday school Loss of student privileges Require participation in community service
All public schools  90 54 24 87 15 53 60 92 27
                   
Enrollment size                   
Less than 300  86 58 23 87 14 57 60 90 24
300–499  90 54 25 87 14 52 58 90 28
500–999  92 51 24 88 16 50 61 95 28
1,000 or more  97 55 32 75 5 56 63 94 32
                   
Urbanicity                   
City  90 56 28 80 9 50 54 91 31
Urban fringe  86 50 23 86 6 52 60 92 27
Town  99 55 22 97 26 61 71 93 23
Rural  92 56 23 92 26 52 61 92 25
                   
Crime level where students live1                   
High  90 52 27 80 8 55 63 90 28
Moderate  90 61 31 83 11 49 69 97 37
Low  91 53 21 89 17 54 59 90 25
Mixed  84 46 27 90 14 52 50 92 24
                   
Percent minority enrollment2                   
Less than 5 percent  92 56 23 91 14 59 67 91 32
5 to 20 percent  92 51 21 90 15 48 57 88 23
20 to 50 percent  88 53 26 90 14 54 62 97 33
50 percent or more  88 54 27 80 12 50 57 91 25
                   
Percent of students eligible for free or reduced-price lunch                   
                 
                 
0–20 percent  87 50 23 83 2 47 57 90 31
21–50 percent  91 54 23 93 15 57 59 92 27
More than 50 percent  91 55 26 85 21 52 62 92 26
                   
Percent of students below 15th percentile on standardized tests                   
                 
0–5 percent  88 51 22 86 14 50 53 91 28
6–15 percent  93 54 24 90 15 53 62 92 27
More than 15 percent  89 57 27 84 15 56 64 92 27
                   
Percent of students likely to attend college                   
                 
0–35 percent  90 54 26 85 18 56 57 91 28
36–60 percent  91 55 24 91 19 52 63 93 26
More than 60 percent  90 52 23 85 8 50 60 92 28
                   
Percent of students who consider academic achievement important                   
                 
0–25 percent  88 43 17 87 8 53 67 91 41
26–50 percent  90 61 31 84 20 57 63 92 29
51–75 percent  89 49 22 89 21 55 60 94 23
More than 75 percent  91 55 24 88 9 49 56 91 27
                   
Percent male enrollment                   
0–44 percent  76 64 24 87 14 72 64 87 25
45–55 percent  92 53 24 88 15 51 61 92 26
More than 55 percent  87 50 28 79 13 51 53 92 36
                   
Student-to-teacher ratio3                   
Less than 12 students  95 55 24 87 16 54 61 91 29
12–16 students  89 54 26 88 19 51 59 92 25
More than 16 students  80 49 22 85 2 54 60 92 28
                   
Number of classroom changes4                   
0–3 changes  89 56 27 82 12 47 53 90 26
4–6 changes  90 50 21 90 15 55 63 93 27
More than 6 changes  94 59 31 92 20 62 70 94 36
                   
Regular use of law enforcement5                   
Regular use  95 55 29 85 16 56 61 92 30
No regular use  88 53 22 88 14 51 59 92 26
                   
Number of serious discipline problems6                   
                 
No problems  90 52 24 87 16 52 58 91 27
1 problem  92 59 24 87 10 52 62 93 26
2 problems  91 53 32 95 20 59 68 90 32
3 or more problems  80 56 24 78 8 60 58 96 28
                   
Transfers as a percentage of enrollment7                   
                 
0 to 6 percent  87 52 17 77 4 48 61 88 36
6 to 11 percent  94 56 33 90 16 50 65 87 27
11 to 21 percent  88 52 24 90 17 54 61 95 26
21 percent or more  91 54 23 87 17 55 55 94 25
                   
Prevalence of schoolwide disruptions8                   
                 
No disruptions  90 53 24 87 14 52 59 92 27
Any disruptions  93 59 29 90 20 61 72 95 41
                   
Percent of students absent on a daily basis                   
                 
0–2 percent  89 58 28 79 12 45 55 88 28
3–5 percent  91 52 23 90 15 54 60 94 27
6–10 percent  89 55 24 83 15 54 63 90 30
More than 10 percent  84 62 43 84 14 42 54 82 21
                   
Prevalence of violent incidents9                   
No violent incidents  89 53 22 84 12 44 49 84 22
Any violent incidents  90 54 25 88 16 56 64 95 29
1 Respondents were asked, "How would you describe the crime level in the area(s) in which your students live?" Response options included "high level of crime," "moderate level of crime," "low level of crime," and "students come from areas with very different levels of crime."
2 These estimates exclude data from Tennessee because schools in this state did not report estimates of student race.
3 Student-to-teacher ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides. The total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers and aides, including special education teachers and aides, with an adjustment to compensate for the part-time status.
4 Respondents were asked, "How many classroom changes do most students make in a typical day?" Responses exclude morning arrival and afternoon departure.
5 Respondents were asked, "During the 2003–2004 school year, did you have any sworn law enforcement officers, security guards, or security personnel present at your school on a regular basis?"
6 Serious discipline problems include student racial tensions, student bullying, student sexual harassment of other students, student verbal abuse of teachers, widespread disorder in classrooms, student acts of disrespect for teachers, gang activities, and cult or extremist group activities. If a respondent reported that any of these problems occurred daily or weekly in their school, each was counted once in the total number of serious discipline problems.
7 Transfers as a percentage of enrollment combines the number of students who were transferred to a school and the number of students who were transferred from a school divided by the total number of students enrolled in the school.
8 Schoolwide disruptions include actions that disrupted school activities such as death threats, bomb threats, and chemical, biological, or radiological threats. Respondents were instructed to exclude all fire alarms, including false alarms.
9 Violent incidents include rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with or without a weapon, threat of physical attack with or without a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
NOTE: Responses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about crime and safety issues at school.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2004.


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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education