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Table 10.  Percentage of public primary schools reporting selected types of disciplinary problems occurring at school daily or at least once a week, or at all, by selected school characteristics: School year 2003–04


School characteristic  Happens daily or at least once a week    Happens at all 
Student racial tensions  Student bullying  Student sexual harassment of other students1 Student verbal abuse of teachers  Widespread disorder in classrooms  Student acts of disrespect for teachers    Undesirable gang activities2 Undesirable cult or extremist group activities3
All public schools  1 24 2 7 2 14   8 1
                   
Enrollment size                   
Less than 300  1 24 2 8 3 14   5 2
300–499  1 26 2 6 1 14   7 1
500–999  1 23 2 8 1 13   9 #
1,000 or more  # 18 # 3 3 9   13 #
                   
Urbanicity                   
City  2 29 4 11 2 20   12 #
Urban fringe  1 21 2 4 1 9   7 1
Town  3 24 2 9 4 20   10 3
Rural  # 22 # 5 2 11   3 #
                   
Crime level where students live4                     
High  3 42 9 36 8 49   29 3
Moderate  2 36 4 8 4 20   18 #
Low  # 18 # 2 # 7   2 1
Mixed  2 21 2 10 2 15   5 #
                   
Percent minority enrollment5                   
Less than 5 percent  # 19 # 3 # 9   1 1
5 to 20 percent  # 23 1 2 1 8   2 #
20 to 50 percent  1 28 2 7 2 11   6 2
50 percent or more  2 26 3 12 3 24   17 #
                   
Percent of students eligible for free or reduced-price lunch                   
0–20 percent  # 18 1 1 # 3   1 2
21–50 percent  # 25 # 2 # 8   2 #
More than 50 percent  2 26 4 13 4 23   15 1
                   
Percent of students below 15th percentile on standardized tests                   
0–5 percent  # 15 1 2 # 9   3 1
6–15 percent  1 25 2 5 # 10   5 #
More than 15 percent  2 32 3 16 5 25   16 1
                   
Percent of students likely to attend college                   
0–35 percent  3 28 5 15 3 20   14 1
36–60 percent  # 22 # 3 1 12   5 #
More than 60 percent  # 21 1 3 1 9   4 1
                   
Percent of students who consider academic achievement important                   
0–25 percent  3 45 10 25 10 33   23 5
26–50 percent  1 25 3 12 1 21   10 1
51–75 percent  1 25 # 5 1 13   5 #
More than 75 percent  # 18 1 2 1 7   5 #
                   
Percent male enrollment                   
0–44 percent  # 26 # 12 3 26   7 3
45–55 percent  1 24 2 6 1 12   8 #
More than 55 percent  3 21 2 12 4 17   5 2
                   
Student-to-teacher ratio6                    
Less than 12 students  # 24 1 7 2 16   5 1
12–16 students  1 22 3 8 2 14   10 #
More than 16 students  2 27 1 3 1 7   7 #
                   
Number of classroom changes7                   
0–3 changes  1 22 2 6 2 13   8 1
4–6 changes  1 24 2 7 2 14   8 1
More than 6 changes  # 31 2 9 # 15   5 #
                   
Regular use of law enforcement8                    
Regular use  # 26 2 8 1 18   12 1
No regular use  1 23 2 6 2 12   5 #
                   
Number of serious discipline problems9                    
No problems  # # # # # #   5 1
1 problem  # 75 # 4 # 21   10 1
2 problems  6 78 5 27 7 77   9 #
3 or more problems  14 97 32 89 26 93   39 #
                   
Transfers as a percentage of enrollment 10                   
0 to 6 percent  # 17 # 3 1 10   4 #
6 to 11 percent  1 26 1 4 # 10   7 1
11 to 21 percent  2 21 2 5 1 11   7 #
21 percent or more  1 29 4 13 5 21   11 1
                   
Prevalence of schoolwide disruptions11                    
No disruptions  1 24 2 7 2 14   7 1
Any disruptions  # 20 # 10 # 5   25 #
                   
Percent of students absent on a daily basis                   
0–2 percent  # 20 1 6 4 8   10 #
3–5 percent  # 22 1 4 1 12   6 #
6–10 percent  3 28 3 12 3 21   9 3
More than 10 percent  3 31 # 15 # 16   18 #
                   
Prevalence of violent incident12                  
No violent incidents  # 11 # 1 # 5   1 #
Any violent incidents  1 28 3 9 2 17   10 1
# Rounds to zero.
1 Sexual harassment was defined for respondents as "unsolicited, offensive behavior that inappropriately asserts sexuality over another person. This behavior may be verbal or nonverbal."
2 Gang was defined for respondents as "an ongoing loosely organized association of three or more persons, whether formal or informal, that has a common name, signs, symbols or colors, whose members engage, either individually or collectively, in violent or other forms of illegal behavior."
3 Cult or extremist group was defined for respondents as "a group that espouses radical beliefs and practices, which may include a religious component, that are widely seen as threatening the basic values and cultural norms of society at large."
4 Respondents were asked, "How would you describe the crime level in the area(s) in which your students live?" Response options included "high level of crime," "moderate level of crime," "low level of crime," and "students come from areas with very different levels of crime."
5 These estimates exclude data from Tennessee because schools in this state did not report estimates of student race.
6 Student-to-teacher ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides. The total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers and aides, including special education teachers and aides, with an adjustment to compensate for the part-time status.
7 Respondents were asked, "How many classroom changes do most students make in a typical day?" Responses exclude morning arrival and afternoon departure.
8 Respondents were asked, "During the 2003–2004 school year, did you have any sworn law enforcement officers, security guards, or security personnel present at your school on a regular basis?"
9 Serious discipline problems include student racial tensions, student bullying, student sexual harassment of other students, student verbal abuse of teachers, widespread disorder in classrooms, student acts of disrespect for teachers, gang activities, and cult or extremist group activities. If a respondent reported that any of these problems occurred daily or weekly in their school, each was counted once in the total number of serious discipline problems.
10 Transfers as a percentage of enrollment combines the number of students who were transferred to a school and the number of students who were transferred from a school divided by the total number of students enrolled in the school.
11 Schoolwide disruptions include actions that disrupted school activities such as death threats, bomb threats, and chemical, biological, or radiological threats. Respondents were instructed to exclude all fire alarms, including false alarms.
12 Violent incidents include rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with or without a weapon, threat of physical attack with or without a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
NOTE: "At school" was defined for respondents to include activities that happen in school buildings, on school grounds, on school buses, and at places that hold school-sponsored events or activities. Responses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about crime and safety issues at school.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2004.


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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education