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Table 7.  Number and percentage of public primary schools reporting disruptions from school from death threats, bomb threats, or chemical, biological, or radiological threats, the number of incidents reported, and the rate of disruptions per 1,000 students, by selected school characteristics: School year 2003–04


School characteristic  Disruptions from death threats, bomb threats, or chemical, biological, or radiological threats 
Number of schools  Percent of schools  Number of incidents  Rate per 1,000 students 
All public schools  1,534 3 2,099 0
         
Enrollment size         
Less than 300  208 2 208 0
300–499  841 5 1,068 0
500–999  485 3 823 0
1,000 or more  # # # #
         
Urbanicity         
City  666 5 1,027 0
Urban fringe  443 3 590 0
Town  227 4 227 0
Rural  197 1 255 0
         
Crime level where students live1         
       
High  394 10 674 0
Moderate  323 4 403 0
Low  573 2 704 0
Mixed  244 4 318 0
         
Percent minority enrollment2         
       
Less than 5 percent  281 3 355 0
5 to 20 percent  143 1 217 #
20 to 50 percent  321 3 321 0
50 percent or more  788 5 1,206 0
         
Percent of students eligible for free or reduced-price lunch         
       
       
0–20 percent  187 2 187 #
21–50 percent  431 3 636 0
More than 50 percent  915 4 1,276 0
         
Percent of students below 15th percentile on standardized tests         
       
       
0–5 percent  418 3 499 0
6–15 percent  596 3 1,025 0
More than 15 percent  519 4 575 0
         
Percent of students likely to attend college         
       
0–35 percent  562 3 786 0
36–60 percent  557 4 671 0
More than 60 percent  415 2 642 0
         
Percent of students who consider academic achievement important         
       
       
0–25 percent  186 5 411 0
26–50 percent  360 3 417 0
51–75 percent  489 4 620 0
More than 75 percent  498 2 652 0
         
Percent male enrollment         
0–44 percent  # # # #
45–55 percent  1,453 4 2,019 0
More than 55 percent  80 1 80 #
         
Student-to-teacher ratio3         
Less than 12 students  797 4 870 0
12–16 students  412 2 772 0
More than 16 students  325 4 456 0
         
Number of classroom changes4         
       
0–3 changes  557 3 613 0
4–6 changes  707 3 992 0
More than 6 changes  270 5 495 0
         
Regular use of law enforcement5         
       
Regular use  514 3 950 0
No regular use  1,019 3 1,149 0
         
Number of serious discipline problems6         
       
No problems  1,149 3 1,641 0
1 problem  304 3 378 0
2 problems  # # # #
3 or more problems  80 4 80 0
         
Transfers as a percentage of enrollment7         
       
0 to 6 percent  137 2 137 #
6 to 11 percent  382 4 529 0
11 to 21 percent  494 3 775 0
21 percent or more  522 3 658 0
         
Percent of students absent on a daily basis         
       
0–2 percent  # # # #
3–5 percent  1,072 4 1,413 0
6–10 percent  381 3 606 0
More than 10 percent  80 4 80 0
         
Prevalence of violent incidents8         
No violent incidents  206 2 206 #
Any violent incidents  1,328 4 1,894 0
# Rounds to zero.
1 Respondents were asked, "How would you describe the crime level in the area(s) in which your students live?" Response options included "high level of crime," "moderate level of crime," "low level of crime," and "students come from areas with very different levels of crime."
2 These estimates exclude data from Tennessee because schools in this state did not report estimates of student race.
3 Student-to-teacher ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides. The total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers and aides, including special education teachers and aides, with an adjustment to compensate for the part-time status.
4 Respondents were asked, "How many classroom changes do most students make in a typical day?" Responses exclude morning arrival and afternoon departure.
5 Respondents were asked, "During the 2003–2004 school year, did you have any sworn law enforcement officers, security guards, or security personnel present at your school on a regular basis?"
6 Serious discipline problems include student racial tensions, student bullying, student sexual harassment of other students, student verbal abuse of teachers, widespread disorder in classrooms, student acts of disrespect for teachers, gang activities, and cult or extremist group activities. If a respondent reported that any of these problems occurred daily or weekly in their school, each was counted once in the total number of serious discipline problems.
7 Transfers as a percentage of enrollment combines the number of students who were transferred to a school and the number of students who were transferred from a school divided by the total number of students enrolled in the school.
8 Violent incidents include rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with or without a weapon, threat of physical attack with or without a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Responses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about crime and safety issues at school.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2004.


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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education