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Table 29.  Percentage of public elementary schools that had specified safety policies to regulate school climate, by selected school characteristics: 1999–2000


School characteristic Require students to wear uniforms Enforce
a strict dress code
Provide a printed code of student conduct to students Provide a printed code of student conduct to parents Require faculty and staff to wear badges or picture IDs Provide telephones in most classrooms Prohibit all tobacco use on school grounds
All public elementary schools 15 41 90 92 27 45 89
               
Enrollment size              
Less than 300 4 34 87 89 17 39 84
300–499 13 38 90 91 23 45 89
500–999 22 47 92 93 37 48 91
1,000 or more35 60 100 96 32 53 93
               
Urbanicity              
City 31 54 93 93 33 48 88
Urban fringe 15 39 90 94 32 49 92
Town 8 37 82 77 17 37 81
Rural 2 35 92 93 18 40 87
               
Crime level where students live1              
High 48 64 93 89 32 44 89
Moderate 27 57 97 96 37 43 92
Low 6 34 87 90 24 45 86
Mixed 24 40 96 96 21 44 98
               
Percent minority enrollment1              
0–5 percent 26 89 91 19 41 86
6–20 percent 6 29 88 91 29 47 88
21–50 percent 5 50 91 91 34 46 87
More than 50 percent 42 59 95 94 27 44 93
               
Percent of students eligible for free/reduced-price lunch              
0–20 percent 3 25 82 86 23 50 88
21–50 percent 5 38 89 92 26 47 86
More than 50 percent 29 53 96 95 29 40 91
               
Percent of students below 15th percentile on standardized tests              
0–5 percent 9 37 92 92 19 45 90
6–15 percent 11 35 89 91 31 47 88
More than 15 percent 25 53 91 91 29 42 88
               
Percent of students likely to attend college              
0–35 percent 24 48 97 93 29 37 91
36–60 percent 12 42 90 93 27 47 87
More than 60 percent 8 33 85 89 23 50 87
               
Percent of students who consider academic achievement important              
0–25 percent 17 36 93 87 34 44 97
26–50 percent 12 46 95 95 25 36 88
51–75 percent 16 42 93 95 32 46 89
More than 75 percent 15 39 85 88 23 48 88
               
Percent male enrollment              
0–44 percent 19 43 90 87 40 40 86
45–55 percent 13 39 90 93 26 47 88
More than 55 percent 21 51 94 89 20 38 96
               
Student/teacher ratio1,2              
Less than 12 12 37 92 93 27 43 91
12–16 16 44 90 93 28 43 85
More than 16 16 46 90 89 26 48 89
               
Number of classroom changes1              
0–3 changes 19 46 90 91 27 46 89
4–6 changes 12 38 91 91 28 46 87
More than 6 changes 15 42 93 97 22 42 94
               
Use of paid law enforcement3              
Regular use 24 46 92 92 34 43 90
No regular use 10 39 90 91 22 46 88
               
Number of serious discipline problems4              
No problems 11 37 89 91 25 45 87
1 problem 14 43 95 94 25 47 89
2 problems 28 58 91 89 24 42 89
3 or more problems 31 56 94 91 46 42 96
               
Transfers as percentage of enrollment1,5              
0 to 6 percent 9 33 80 84 19 46 84
6 to 11 percent 9 37 93 95 29 49 90
11 to 21 percent 15 36 93 94 28 45 87
21 percent or more 22 54 93 92 29 40 91
               
Prevalence of schoolwide disruptions1,6              
No disruptions 14 40 90 91 26 46 88
Any disruptions 21 52 100 94 28 33 94
               
Percent of students absent without excuses              
None 4 23 79 85 21 48 87
1–2 percent 12 41 93 93 24 44 89
3–5 percent 19 50 92 94 33 39 90
6–10 percent 40 58 100 93 33 47 85
More than 10 percent 32 49 92 91 30 64 87
               
Prevalence of violent incidents1,7              
No violent incidents 12 37 85 87 27 46 88
Any violent incidents 17 44 94 94 26 44 89
‡ Reporting standards not met.
1 Some schools are omitted from these categories because of missing data on their school characteristics. For this reason, the detailed results do not sum to the totals. See appendix J of 2000 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS) Detailed Data Documentation (NCES 2004-307) for further information.
2 Student/teacher ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time equivalent teachers. The total number of full-time equivalent teachers is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers, including special education teachers, with an adjustment to compensate for the part-time status.
3 Schools were included as regularly using paid law enforcement if they reported the use of paid law enforcement during any of the following times: at any time during school hours, while students were arriving or leaving, at selected school activities (e.g., athletic and social events, open houses, science fairs), or at any other time that the respondent specified.
4 Serious discipline problems is a count of discipline problems reported by principals. These discipline problems include student racial tensions, student bullying, student verbal abuse of teachers, widespread disorder in classrooms, and student acts of disrespect for teachers. If a principal reported that any of these problems occurred daily or weekly in their school, each was counted once in the total number of serious discipline problems. Undesirable gang activities and undesirable cult or extremist group activities were also counted once as a problem if the principal reported that these events occurred at all in their school.
5 Transfers as a percentage of enrollment combines the number of students who were transferred to a school and the number of students who were transferred from a school, divided by the total number of students enrolled in the school.
6 Schoolwide disruptions include actions that disrupted school activities such as bomb threats or anthrax threats. Respondents were instructed to exclude all fire alarms, including false alarms.
7 Violent incidents include rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with or without a weapon, threat of physical attack with or without a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. "At school/at your school" was defined for respondents as including activities happening in school buildings, on school grounds, on school buses, and at places that are holding school-sponsored events or activities. Respondents were instructed to, unless the survey specified otherwise, only respond for those times that were during normal school hours or when school activities/events were in session. A gang was defined for respondents as, "an ongoing loosely organized association of three or more persons, whether formal or informal, that has a common name, signs, symbols or colors, whose members engage, either individually or collectively, in violent or other forms of illegal behavior." Elementary schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not higher than grade 3 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 8.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2000.


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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education