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Table 14.  Percentage of public elementary schools reporting that specified actions other than removals, transfers and suspensions were available as disciplinary actions, by selected school characteristics: 1999–2000


School characteristic Referral to school counselor Assigned to program to reduce disciplinary problems during school hours Assigned to program to reduce disciplinary problems outside of school hours Kept off school bus due to misbehavior Corporal punishment Put on school probation Detention and/or Saturday school Loss of student privileges Require partici-
pation in community service
All public elementary schools 92 67 46 93 24 76 65 96 40
                   
Enrollment size                  
Less than 300 86 63 51 92 27 81 66 95 39
300–499 93 66 44 94 28 75 66 97 35
500–999 94 71 45 92 20 74 63 97 46
1,000 or more92 68 48 85 11 76 55 79 22
                   
Urbanicity                  
City 92 70 49 90 20 73 64 95 43
Urban fringe 91 66 40 89 14 74 63 96 36
Town 95 73 54 95 36 83 66 98 45
Rural 90 64 49 98 36 80 66 95 39
                   
Crime level where students live1                  
High 91 71 50 87 12 73 56 91 35
Moderate 90 73 47 90 35 84 67 96 37
Low 93 65 46 94 23 75 66 96 41
Mixed 87 68 48 92 24 68 61 95 43
                   
Percent minority enrollment1                  
0–5 percent 94 69 56 96 27 74 67 96 39
6–20 percent 94 60 33 95 19 77 64 97 40
21–50 percent 92 72 41 96 29 80 65 97 39
More than 50 percent 87 67 48 86 24 75 61 94 41
                   
Percent of students eligible for free/reduced-price lunch                  
0–20 percent 93 64 44 91 11 75 67 97 49
21–50 percent 94 67 44 98 26 76 64 96 36
More than 50 percent 89 69 49 90 31 77 64 95 37
                   
Percent of students below 15th percentile on standardized tests                  
0–5 percent 94 68 41 90 28 74 64 97 40
6–15 percent 93 65 48 97 24 76 64 95 41
More than 15 percent 88 70 50 89 21 79 66 96 39
                   
Percent of students likely to attend college                  
0–35 percent 86 67 49 90 26 80 65 94 33
36–60 percent 94 67 46 94 28 77 68 95 44
More than 60 percent 95 68 44 93 18 73 60 98 43
                   
Percent of students who consider academic achievement important                  
0–25 percent 100 59 47 88 21 76 78 91 28
26–50 percent 85 64 50 94 26 78 66 94 32
51–75 percent 92 67 42 92 24 75 64 98 39
More than 75 percent 93 70 48 93 24 77 63 97 47
 
Percent male enrollment
0–44 percent 92 77 55 89 25 79 64 94 48
45–55 percent 92 66 43 93 23 76 64 96 38
More than 55 percent 91 64 55 94 33 76 66 98 44
                   
Student/teacher ratio1,2                  
Less than 12 92 69 49 93 32 79 66 97 42
12–16 93 66 44 93 28 76 64 93 39
More than 16 90 66 46 92 14 74 62 98 37
                   
Number of classroom changes1                  
0–3 changes 91 70 48 90 21 79 63 94 42
4–6 changes 91 64 44 94 27 75 65 97 36
More than 6 changes 94 73 49 97 25 73 68 97 49
                   
Use of paid law enforcement3                  
Regular use 93 70 50 91 25 76 63 94 39
No regular use 91 66 45 93 24 77 65 97 41
                   
Number of serious discipline problems4                  
No problems 92 65 46 94 26 76 61 96 40
1 problem 97 71 51 91 19 77 74 97 37
2 problems 91 72 46 89 27 80 64 96 47
3 or more problems 82 72 40 88 19 76 73 95 39
                   
Transfers as percentage of enrollment1,5                  
0 to 6 percent 93 62 46 91 21 71 66 96 46
6 to 11 percent 93 69 51 97 24 83 64 96 48
11 to 21 percent 89 68 45 92 29 74 64 96 36
21 percent or more 92 67 45 92 24 78 65 96 32
                   
Prevalence of schoolwide disruptions1,6                  
No disruptions 92 68 47 92 23 76 64 95 40
Any disruptions 94 72 58 97 24 79 60 100 38
                   
Percent of students absent without excuses                  
None 96 67 45 92 15 74 65 99 41
1–2 percent 90 66 46 93 28 78 67 95 41
3–5 percent 90 70 50 93 28 80 62 96 38
6–10 percent 96 70 44 93 17 63 56 91 34
More than 10 percent 91 63 37 85 28 69 74 95 46
                   
Prevalence of violent incidents1,7                  
No violent incidents 92 63 48 90 28 74 59 96 38
Any violent incidents 92 70 48 94 22 78 68 95 41
1 Some schools are omitted from these categories because of missing data on their school characteristics. For this reason, the detailed results do not sum to the totals. See appendix J of 2000 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS) Detailed Data Documentation (NCES 2004-307) for further information.
2 Student/teacher ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time equivalent teachers. The total number of full-time equivalent teachers is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers, including special education teachers, with an adjustment to compensate for the part-time status.
3 Schools were included as regularly using paid law enforcement if they reported the use of paid law enforcement during any of the following times: at any time during school hours, while students were arriving or leaving, at selected school activities (e.g., athletic and social events, open houses, science fairs), or at any other time that the respondent specified.
4 Serious discipline problems is a count of discipline problems reported by principals. These discipline problems include student racial tensions, student bullying, student verbal abuse of teachers, widespread disorder in classrooms, and student acts of disrespect for teachers. If a principal reported that any of these problems occurred daily or weekly in their school, each was counted once in the total number of serious discipline problems. Undesirable gang activities and undesirable cult or extremist group activities were also counted once as a problem if the principal reported that these events occurred at all in their school.
5 Transfers as a percentage of enrollment combines the number of students who were transferred to a school and the number of students who were transferred from a school, divided by the total number of students enrolled in the school.
6 Schoolwide disruptions include actions that disrupted school activities such as bomb threats or anthrax threats. Respondents were instructed to exclude all fire alarms, including false alarms.
7 Violent incidents include rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with or without a weapon, threat of physical attack with or without a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. "At school/at your school" was defined for respondents as including activities happening in school buildings, on school grounds, on school buses, and at places that are holding school-sponsored events or activities. Respondents were instructed to, unless the survey specified otherwise, only respond for those times that were during normal school hours or when school activities/events were in session. Elementary schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not higher than grade 3 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 8.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2000.

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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education